Cabbage trees are one of the most widely cultivated New Zealand natives and are very popular in Europe, Britain and the U.S. In the U.K. they are known as Torquay palm. … Mori used cabbage trees as a food, fibre and medicine. The root, stem and top are all edible, a good source of starch and sugar.

Why is a cabbage tree called a cabbage tree?

British navigator James Cook bestowed the name ‘cabbage tree’ on the giant New Zealand tree lily Cordyline australis, which Mori called t kuka. Cook called it a cabbage tree because the young leaves are edible, and his name has stuck.

Can I cut down a cabbage tree?

Questions remain about dealing with cabbage trees on private land, however. … Regional authority Environment Canterbury also states on its website cabbage trees are not a protected plant therefore they can be cut down.

What is a cabbage tree?

The cabbage-tree palm (Livistona australis) is an Australian evergreen tall, slender palm that grows to about 25 meters in height. … The young and tender leaves are harvested and eaten like cabbages. It can be consumed raw or cooked.

What part of cabbage trees can you eat?

CABBAGE TREE The tender shoots of all types of cabbage trees can be eaten, raw or cooked. The trick is to get the new shoots growing out of the top of the stem, peel away the outer leaves and eat the tender white part, which looks a bit like a leek and tastes a bit like cabbage.

How do you look after a cabbage tree?

3 secrets to getting the best from cabbage trees

  1. Turn windfall leaves into firelighters. A little effort with the rake and a minute or two spent tying them into knots or bundles will give you a never-ending supply of firelighters for winter as the leaves are full. …
  2. They are hardy shelter trees.
  3. Eat them.

Is Cordyline a palm?

Cordyline is sometimes known as cabbage palm, New Zealand cabbage tree or Torbay palm, although it isn’t actually a palm tree or anything to do with cabbage. The most widely grown species is Cordyline australis which is native to New Zealand.

Are cabbage trees deep rooted?

60. Underground stem of Cabbage-tree, with numerous roots. … This, however, is nothing of the kind, but a deeply descending underground stem, which has the curious property for a stem of growing downwards while the aerial portion of the same trunk grows upwards, as should that of any well-regulated tree (fig. 60).

How fast does a cabbage tree grow?

Because it takes about two years for a particular stem to produce an inflorescence, cabbage trees tend to flower heavily in alternative years, with a bumper flowering every three to five years.

Can you burn cabbage tree wood?

The stringy bark makes excellent kindling, too, as do the leaves of cabbage trees, if bundled up. … Through photosynthesis, trees store the sun’s energy. Burning wood reverses this process, releasing the sun’s heat when we most need it.

Why are the cabbage trees dying?

Scientists have discovered the cause of the cabbage tree disease which has wiped out large numbers of the native tree. Landcare Research and HortResearch scientists say a bacterium called phytoplasma, which lives in plant sap, causes the leaves to turn yellow and drop.

How do you get rid of cabbage trees?

Treat the top surface of the cabbage palm’s stump with herbicide spray so that the stump dies. After 4 weeks, the stump will begin to decay. You can remove it from the ground by manually digging around the stump and exposing the root system. Cut the roots with a pruning saw, then pull the stump out of the ground.

How long do Cordyline australis take to grow?

between three and five years Cordylines also can be propagated from hardwood stem cuttings, although it will take between three and five years to get a decent-sized plant. It sounds brutal, but take sections out from healthy stems, about 10cm long.

Is a cabbage tree a yucca?

Cabbage trees are a type of tree lily, like agave, yucca, and dracaena.

How long do Cordyline australis live?

How long do Cordylines live? Cordyline australis trees in the wild have lived up to several hundred years. In very good conditions a horticultural plant can live to 50 years.

How do you identify Pikopiko?

High in vitamin E pikopiko resembles a tightly coiled koru with a green, slightly hairy stem, tasting of peppery celery raw and delicious steamed. Piko means ‘to bend’ in Maori, hence pikopiko having a distinctive curl, similar to our koru.

Where can I find PUHA?

PUHA (SONCHUS KIRKII) The plant is tall and branching and can reach up to one metre with small dandelion-like flowers. You see it growing everywhere, on wasteland and by the side of the road. Some farmers’ markets sell puha, but you’re more likely to find it in the wild.

Are Nikau berries poisonous?

Berries listed by Buck include nikau, titoki, poroporo, fuchsia, tutu (flesh only, the seeds are toxic), kahikatea, matai.

Will a cabbage tree grow back?

Cabbage trees will grow back from a clean cut of the trunk so whether you were to cut them right back to ground height and have them sprout from the base or leave them once pruned to sprout from the trunk, yes that are salvageable.

What does it mean when cabbage trees flower?

Cabbage tree flowers and fruit provide food for native and introduced birds. … A cabbage tree will grow multiple shoots if the trunk is cut. Cabbage tree flowers and fruit provide food for native and introduced birds. Ngai Tahu believe early and heavy flowering of ti kouka signifies hot summer conditions.

How long do cabbage palms live?

200 to 300 years Lifespan: Dating Sabal palms is more difficult than other species because they do not have traditional growth rings. It is believed that they can live for as many as 200 to 300 years.

Do cordylines like sun or shade?

Plant in a sunny, sheltered position and fertile well-drained soil. Cultivars with coloured leaves are best sited in light semi-shade as the foliage can fade if exposed to strong sunshine.

Why is my red Cordyline turning green?

Color and Light Like most cordylines, the ti plant develops its best color when grown in bright light, with leaves that can turn a dull green in poor light. … If a cordyline’s leaves become green, move it into a spot with stronger light and leaves should develop better color in a few weeks.

What is the difference between Cordyline and Phormium?

The main difference between them is that Cordyline will form a tall stem and can grow over 5 m height when Phormium forms clumps of strap-shaped leaves and grow usually up to 2 m height (depending on variety).

How do you dig up a cabbage tree?

Dig up the cabbage tree with a shovel and place it on a tarp. Dig down under the area that you root-pruned at a 45-degree angle and lift the shovel upward all around the tree until you can lift it out of the ground. Place the transplant on a tarp, wet the root ball with a garden hose and fold the tarp over the roots.

How do you dig up a Cabbage Stump?


  1. 1Dig around the base of the tree trunk. Use a mattock to loosen the soil, working in a circle around the base of the stump. …
  2. 2Cut the upper root system. Once the upper layer of roots has been uncovered, use a pruning saw to cut through the medium-sized roots. …
  3. 3Cut the lower roots and remove the tree stump.

Are Puriri trees protected?

Currently, there are several species of trees that are protected in Auckland, which include the puriri, Norfolk pine, kauri, totara and pohutukawa. The puriri, or Vitex lucens, is an evergreen tree that is native to New Zealand. … The tree can survive on rocky cliffs where few others can gain a hold.

How deep do cabbage roots go?

Standard cabbage has a shallow root system, which varies from 18 to 36 inches, when compared to a deep-rooting vegetable such as an artichoke, pumpkin or tomato, which roots deeper than 48 inches. Medium-rooting vegetables such as beans, beets and carrots root from 36 to 48 inches deep.

Can you use cabbage tree leaves as mulch?

They should be fine as a mulch but will take a very long time to break down, and as they are not fine, some weeds can still sneak through. Remember to ensure that the mulch doesn’t touch the stems of the plants as it can cause it to rot.

Can you compost cabbage tree leaves?

If you put cabbage tree leaves in a big bundle in the bottom of the compost bin and expect decomposition in six months then of course it won’t. But nor will autumn leaves or even lawn clippings.