With proper pruning and feeding, eggplant can be grown as a perennial, though gardeners should be prepared for harvests to decline eventually. Does eggplant need sun or shade?
full sun As a basic rule of thumb, vegetables grown for their fruit or roots—such as tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, squash, potatoes, or carrots—require full sun, which is defined as a garden location that receives at least six hours of direct sun each day.
How tall does an eggplant plant get?
4 feet tall Plants can grow 2 to 4 feet tall and wide, which means they need to be staked. Eggplants also thrive in heat like their close relatives tomatoes and peppers, so they go outside until after cool spring temperatures pass. Fruit fails to set at temperatures below 65°F. What is the best month to plant eggplant?
When to Plant Eggplant Eggplants can only grow in warm soil—50 degrees Fahrenheit or above. The best time to plant eggplant is in late spring after the last threat of frost. Eggplants have a long growing season, so you’ll need to start them indoors around eight weeks before your region’s last frost date.
Do eggplants need a trellis?
Yes, it’s wise to create a support for eggplants. Staking eggplant keeps the fruit from touching the ground, which in turn, reduces the risk of disease and fosters fruit shape, especially for elongated eggplant varieties. … Staking eggplant also makes for easier harvesting. What should you not plant next to eggplant?
Eggplant – A good companion for amaranth, beans, marigolds, peas, peppers, spinach, and thyme. Do not plant eggplants near fennel.
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)
Can eggplants grow in pots?
Even if you garden in a small garden bed, or grow your vegetables in containers on the patio or balcony, you can grow eggplant. … Plant one eggplant per container, 2-gallon minimum. Fill the container with a high quality potting soil that will drain quickly.
How long do eggplants take to grow?
Eggplants are ready to harvest as soon as 70 days after sowing the seeds. Harvest fruits with skin that is glossy and thin. Eggplants can be harvested when they are small, though growing them longer allows for a larger harvest.
Do eggplants keep producing?
Although eggplants will keep growing and flowering, they are more productive if cut back and allowed to regrow during late summer. Cut plants to about 6 to 8 inches in early August, cut at a crotch, fertilize and allow them to regrow. Fertilize and keep soils moist to force them to regrow.
How do you know when to pick an eggplant?
Eggplants should be picked as soon as they are ripe, with slightly immature fruits tasting best. One of the easiest ways to determine if they are ripe is to gently squeeze the eggplant. Once you release, the skins should bounce back. If indentations remain, the fruit is not quite ripe yet.
Do I need to plant two eggplants?
How often should eggplant be watered?
Watering. Eggplant also needs consistent water, at least 1 inch per week. It is better to give one thorough soaking than several frequent, short waterings, because frequent watering promotes shallow roots.
Are eggplants easy to grow?
Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea beetles. … Eggplant is among the few vegetables that don’t mind warm roots, so they grow well in roomy containers provided the plants are given plenty of water.
How do you make an eggplant trellis?
Do eggplants need to be pruned?
As eggplant is in the nightshade family, pruning eggplant plants is beneficial to fruit growth, similar to pepper plants or pruning tomato plants. … Afterward, consistently prune through the growing season with a pair of hand shears. The sprouts that grow between the central stalk and leaf nodes are called suckers.
Can you plant eggplant deep like tomatoes?
You can bury tall eggplant stems very deep, just like tomatoes, because they can reach heights of 6 ft (1.8m). When you’re burying the eggplant’s stem, it will shoot new root growth from the stem nodes. … If you’re growing a bush eggplant variety, keep in mind that it will only grow to 24 inches (60 cm).
How do I care for eggplant?
Water regularly, especially when the plants are young so that they develop deep roots. Avoid overhead watering to prevent disease, but consider using mulch to keep soil moist, warm, and to keep weeds down. Generally, eggplants should get an inch (2.5 cm.) of rain or watering per week.
Do eggplants need a tomato cage?
Eggplants are prone to falling over when loaded with fruit, so you may want to tie plants to stakes to keep them upright. … You can also use small tomato cages to support the plants.
How far apart do you plant eggplant in a raised bed?
Try growing eggplants in raised beds, which heat up quickly in spring. Plants given plenty of room are healthier and more productive, so space them 2½ to 3 feet apart in all directions. Water well, pour 1 to 2 cups of compost around each plant, and firm the soil gently.
What is the best fertilizer for eggplant?
A balanced fertilizer (10-10-10) is often recommended for eggplant. Feeding too much nitrogen at this point can result in large, leafy plants that fail to produce fruit.
Can I plant cucumber and eggplant together?
Potatoes. … If you want to plant both cucumbers and potatoes in your garden, plant them far away from one another. (Other members of the nightshade family, like tomato plants and eggplants, are fine to plant with cucumbers.) Sage.
Why should you not plant cucumbers near tomatoes?
Cucumbers’ and Tomatoes’ Shared Diseases Phytophthora blight and root rot are more serious issues as these disease pathogens can ravage both cucumbers and tomatoes. Plants can be treated with commercial fungicides as a preventive measure, but it’s better to just use good cultivation practices.
How deep do eggplant roots grow?
about 2 feet deep Keep the root zone moist throughout the growing season. Eggplants roots reach about 2 feet deep and plants should not be subjected to water stress. Stress during the bloom can cause substantial reduction in fruit set. Keep adequate moisture in the deeper soil layers even when plants are small.
How long does it take for eggplant to grow after flowering?
Do eggplants like water? Eggplants like a moist but never soggy soil. Keep an eye on the soil to make sure that it never dries out in between waterings. It’s best to water them on average about one inch per week during the growing season.
Can eggplant be grown indoors?
Eggplants need to be kept evenly moist with humidity around 65-75 percent. Fertilize when plants begin to flower with a good tomato food. … With a bit of extra work, growing eggplants inside is possible, and you can expect some fruit with good care.
What can you plant with eggplant?
Additional Eggplant Companions
- Peppers, both sweet and hot, make good companion plants, as they have the same growing needs and are susceptible to the same pests and diseases.
- Tomatoes are often used as eggplant companions. …
- Potatoes and spinach are also said to make great companion plantings too.
How do you make eggplant grow faster?
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.