Bee balm is a hardy perennial plant that requires little care. Whether planted in a garden area or in a container, it will return each season and will have likely spread. A few easy steps will prepare the plant for the cold weather. Cut the plant to the ground in mid-autumn. Do bee balm plants spread?
Division. Bee balms spread rapidly via underground stems or stolons. In addition, the centers of the clumps often die out within a few years. To control their spread and rejuvenate the plants, it’s usually necessary to dig and divide bee balms every 2 to 3 years.
Where does bee balm grow best?
full sun When & Where to Plant Bee Balm Light: Bee balm does best in full sun. Though it will grow in part shade, it tends to stretch and become leggy over time. Soil: Bee balm does best in evenly moist soil rich in organic matter. It can tolerate lighter soil, but richer soil will encourage taller, stronger specimens. Does bee balm like sun or shade?
Bee balm tolerates partial sun, but you’ll get fewer flowers. Space monarda plants 18 to 24 inches apart in organically rich soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.7 that drains easily.
What does bee balm smell like?
Stems are square shaped like other mints, and the leaves are pointed lancets, which grow in opposite pairs. They grow to about 3 feet tall. When you rub the leaves or flowers, they smell like a cross between mint and oregano. Some varieties give off lemony scents. What should I plant in front of bee balm?
Companion Planting and Design Bee balm is a perfect cottage garden plant. I like to let it ramble though a perennial flower border next to tall garden phlox, rudbeckia, roses, and peonies.
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)
Does bee balm attract hummingbirds?
For a surefire way to attract hummingbirds, grow bee balm. This beauty grows up to 4 feet tall in full sun and starts flowering in midsummer. You can even find several varieties on the market that are resistant to mildew. Whether you choose natives or cultivated varieties, the birds can’t resist the nectar-rich blooms.
Do bee balm plants attract bees?
BEE BALM and Lemon balm are two distinct herbs, alike in many ways. Both belong to Labiatae, the mint family. Both herbs are hardy perennials, easy to grow, attract bees, yet repel pests. Both make excellent tea or tisanes.
What do you do with bee balm plants?
Native Americans and early colonists used bee balm leaves and flowers to make a variety of medicinal salves and drinks. Bee balm is a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Its foliage has a strong aroma and is sometimes used in herbal teas, salads, and as garnishes. The flowers are also edible.
How do you use bee balm plant?
Fresh bee balm leaves can be added to pesto, and the flower petals make a pretty and aromatic garnish. They can be used in salads, to make an herbal butter, or in homemade ice cream or a cream cheese spread. Bee balm petals are also a lovely way to dress up fresh fruit or a fruit salad like this one.
Can bee balm grow in pots?
What is wrong with bee balm?
Bee balm plants are light feeders, and too much fertilizer (especially if it’s rich in nitrogen) can result in lots of leafy growth and very few flowers. Another common problem with bee balm is improper water or humidity. The plants like moderate irrigation – during periods of drought, water deeply once per week.
How long does bee balm take to flower?
Quick Reference Growing Guide
|Bloom Time / Season:
|Full sun to partial shade
|Time To Maturity:
|Summer phlox, basil, dill, thyme, daylilies
|Tea, potpourri, cut flowers
Does bee balm attract butterflies?
Fill your garden with colorful, nectar-rich flowers that will attract butterflies and hummingbirds from summer into fall. Whether the calendar says summer or fall, flowers such as Russian sage, bee balm and sunflowers will attract butterflies and hummingbirds until the first frost—and sometimes beyond.
Does bee balm only bloom once?
Bee balm is a perennial plant in the herb family. It’s bloom time begins in July and it will continue to bloom until late summer if it is regularly deadheaded.
Does bee balm bloom the first year?
HARVEST: Starting the first year, leaves may be harvested. More leaves may be harvested each year as plant size increases. Bee Balm does not usually flower until the second year. Mature plants, 3-4 years old, can be divided to make new plants.
Does bee balm like wet soil?
Bee balm will tolerate drought, but does best if you keep the soil moist, but not soggy. Water when the top one to two inches of soil has dried out. For varieties that thrive in wet soil, make sure to keep the plant constantly moist.
Is bee balm toxic to dogs?
Bee balm is not poisonous for humans. In fact, eating the leaves will not harm a cat, dog or other animals in any way. Despite not being poisonous to animals, eating parts of any plant can cause digestive upset to an animal.
Can you eat bee balm flowers?
Bee balm (Monarda) is a flowering perennial plant in the mint family. … All above ground parts of the plant are edible. The leaves and flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. Bee balm has a minty taste and a flavor similar to oregano.
How many colors of bee balm are there?
There are over 15 species and over 50 different cultivars of bee balm that grow both wild and in gardens. Colors range from bright red to lilac to shades of pink and white. Monarda didyma is the variety I grow in my perennial garden bed.
Will bee balm choke out other plants?
Simply place them in an area isolated away from any plants that can’t hold their own against bee balm. Anything shorter may get choked out by them, and plants with particularly shallow roots such as roses may also suffer from having to compete with them for nutrients and moisture, even if they’re taller.
Why does my bee balm fall over?
When the bee balm’s roots become saturated with standing water, they can become oxygen-starved and stop functioning properly. This causes the plant to lose its vigor and begin to droop. Too much water can eventually drown the plant, so make sure you plant bee balm in soil that can drain properly.
Can you plant lemon balm and bee balm together?
Nearly any blooming plant pairs well with lemon balm, but if you’re hoping to attract pollinators, good lemon balm companions include other nectar-rich plants such as: Cosmos. … Bee balm.
What animals eat bee balm plants?
But birds don’t only enjoy Bee Balm in summer. The nutlet attracts finches, sparrows, juncos, redpolls, among other species.
How does bee balm multiply?
Bee balm propagates by rhizomes, or runners, that spread under the ground to produce new shoots. As these shoots multiply, the mother plant in the center will eventually die off over the course of a couple years. This means your bee balm will eventually be far from where you planted it.
What’s eating my bee balm leaves?
Spider mites: They suck out a garden bee balm’s fluids through its foliage. This eventually leads to the loss of leaves. If you notice them, applying insecticide soap should help protect your flowers. Aphids: Not only do they suck on the leaves, but they also emit honeydew onto them.
Is bee balm a native plant?
Monarda didyma, known by a number of different common names including bee balm, Oswego tea and bergamot, is native to eastern North America where it typically occurs in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and along streambanks from Maine to Minnesota south to Missouri and Georgia.
What does bee balm repel?
Bee Balm (Bergamot) – This beautiful blooming plant has many medicinal and culinary uses – mosquito repellent among them. And unlike many of the other plants listed here, bee balm works to repel mosquitoes not only when crushed but while alive and thriving in the garden.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.