How do we use but for?

But for is used to introduce the reason why something didn’t happen: But for the traffic, I would have been here an hour ago. (The traffic was very heavy if it weren’t for the traffic, I’d have been here an hour ago.) They would have been badly injured but for the fact that they were wearing seat belts.

What does but for mean in legal terms?

Legal Definition of but-for : of or relating to the necessary cause (as a negligent act) without which a particular result (as damage) would not have occurred a but-for test of causation compare substantial factor.

Does but for mean without?

DEFINITIONS2. except for something. The work was now complete, but for a final coat of paint. Synonyms and related words. Only, except and not including.

What is a but for statement?

In the law of Negligence, a principle that provides that the defendant’s conduct is not the cause of an injury to the plaintiff, unless that injury would not have occurred except for (but for) the defendant’s conduct.

What the meaning of for?

1 used to indicate the place someone or something is going to or toward He just left for the office.

What is the sentence of but?

I want to go to the party, but I am so tired. I like her, but I don’t like her friend. I studied for the test, but I don’t think I did well. I’m hungry, but I have nothing to eat.

What is the but for cause?

The but-for test says that an action is a cause of an injury if, but for the action, the injury wouldn’t have occurred. In other words, would the harm have occurred if the defendant hadn’t acted in the way they did? If the answer is NO, then the action caused the harm.

What is but for test in law?

A test in tort law linking the tort and the damages (aka causation), which are stated as: but for the defendant’s negligence, the plaintiff would not have been injured. … The plaintiff must show on a balance of probabilities that but for the defendant’s negligent act, the injury would not have occurred.

What is the but for test UK?

The factual test of causation. The basic test for establishing causation is the but-for test in which the defendant will be liable only if the claimant’s damage would not have occurred but for his negligence.

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What does so stand for?

significant other The history behind the abbreviation. S.O. is the abbreviation for significant other which could mean a spouse, life partner, or someone in a long-term, committed relationship. … Related abbreviations include D.H. for darling husband, D.S. for darling son, and D.D. for darling daughter.

What is but in English grammar?

But is a coordinating conjunction used to connect ideas that contrast. … We use but to connect items which are the same grammatical type (coordinating conjunction). Even though, even if. Even though and even if are also used as subordinating conjunctions in the same way as although/though.

Where did the but for test come from?

The ‘but for’ test constitutes the generally applicable rule when it comes to causation. A relatively modern description of the test can be seen in Cork v Kirby MacLean Ltd. Case in Focus: Cork v Kirby MacLean Ltd [1952] 2 All ER 402.

What is the theory of novus actus Interveniens?

Novus actus interveniens is a Latin legal phrase, which describes an important principle in criminal and civil procedure in as far as causation and liability is concerned. Loosely translated it means ‘new intervening act’.

What is the eggshell rule in law?

The eggshell skull rule states that a defendant will be liable for the damages afflicted on a victim as-is, even if that victim had a pre-existing condition that made the injuries worse than they likely would have been for someone else. The rule obtains its name from a common example used in law school.

What is for used for?

The important point is that for is used to specify a period of time. For can be used when talking about the past, present or future. Here are three example sentences that use similar vocabulary, but use different verb tenses. (Past) Last year, I traveled for three weeks.

Whats is another word for?

What is another word for for?

especially for meant for
in order to achieve as a means to
with the aim of for the purpose of
to so as to
in order to that it would be possible to
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Is but a preposition word?

But as preposition We use but as an alternative to except (for), apart from and bar to introduce the only thing or person that the main part of the sentence does not include. It is often used after words such as everyone, nobody, anything, anywhere, all, no, none, any, every.

Can a sentence start with but?

There’s no rule against beginning a sentence with but. Sure, it’s a wise admonition from middle-school English teachers that novice writers avoid beginning a series of sentences with but. In July we went to Six Flags. But it rained that day.

Where can we use but?

But can be used in the following ways: As a conjunction (connecting two phrases or clauses): She’s 83 but she still goes swimming every day. As a way of starting a new sentence and connecting it to the previous sentence: It was in Cairo that he met Nadia. But that’s another story.

What is but an example of?

This word is commonly categorized under conjunctions because it can connect two clauses together and form a single sentence. In the sample sentence below: She stumbled but didn’t fall. The word but links together the clauses she stumbled and didn’t fall, and is therefore considered as a conjunction.

Is proximate cause a jury question?

Determination of proximate cause of accident ordinarily rests with jury, but where reasonable men can reach only one logical determination of such questions from facts in evidence, directed verdict is proper.

What is impossible crime in criminal law?

Impossible crime is a crime of last resort. If the acts constitute another distinct felony, an impossible crime is not committed because objectively a crime is committed. … In American jurisprudence, impossible crime is punished as attempted crime.

What happened in the case of Roberts 1971?

After a party the male defendant R, gave the female victim a lift in his automobile. … The defendant was charged with sexual assault and assault occasioning actual bodily harm and was convicted at trial of assault occasioning actual bodily harm but acquitted of sexual assault.

Is False Imprisonment a tort?

False imprisonment is an act punishable under criminal law as well as under tort law. Under tort law, it is classified as an intentional tort. A a person commits false imprisonment when he commits an act of restraint on another person which confines that person in a bounded area.

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Why is the but for test important?

Spanning both civil and criminal law, the but for test broadly asks: But for the actions of the defendant (X), would the harm (Y) have occurred? If Y’s existence depends on X, the test is satisfied and causation demonstrated. If Y would have happened regardless of X, the defendant cannot be liable.

What is concurrence in crime?

Concurrence requires both the occurrence of actus reus and mens rea. In criminal law, this means that the intent of the crime and voluntary criminal action must be present and proven. … Temporal concurrence is when mens rea and actus reus coincide.

Can proximate cause exist without actual cause?

Part of proving the elements of negligence is showing the actual and proximate causes. An actual cause, also referred to as cause in fact, is the simpler of the two concepts. … Proximate cause, however, has to be determined by law as the primary cause of injury. So, without the proximate cause the injury would not exist.

Is the but for test fair?

The but-for test works exceptionally well in some cases, however in cases where multiple cases arise it runs into problems. … However there is one operative cause of the claimant’s loss, this leads to an unclear view of which defendant’s act has caused the loss of the claimant.

What is a no-fault scheme?

A no-fault compensation scheme is one in which accidents and injuries are regarded as inevitable, and the emphasis is on compensating victims for related expenses without anyone having to enter the civil justice system and proving another party is liable for damages.