How does the 802.11 data frame indicate?
How does the 802.11 data frame indicate how a large packet should be fragmented? … the duration field determines how long the station can transmit a packet, which then determines how it is divided.
Which Bluetooth power class allows for a maximum power output of 100mw and a range of up to 100m?
Bluetooth has three different defined ranges, based on their output power ratings. Class 1 devices are the most powerful. These can have up to 100 mW of power, and a regular antenna will give them a range of about 40 m 100 m (130 330 ft). Class 2 devices are lower power, with up to 2.5 mW of power.
Which Bluetooth power class allows for maximum power output of 100 mW and a range of up to 100m?
Class 1 Class 1: maximum output power 100 mW (20 dBm). Used for extended range up to about 100 m; Class 2: maximum output power 2,5 mW (4 dBm).
When using RFID What is an Arpt?
When using RFID, what is an ARPT (Active Reader Passive Tag)? It is a tag that is activated by an active reader, and uses power from the reader’s radio to power its transmission.
What is the function of 802.11 management frames?
802.11 management frames enable stations to establish and maintain communications. Management packets are used to support authentication, association, and synchronization.
What are the three types of 802.11 frames?
There are three types of 802.11 frames, management, control, and data.
What is the minimum category of UTP cable required?
Category 5e cable is now the minimum recognized cable for data networking applications, as defined by the current standard. Like Category 5 cable, it also is rated for up to 100 MHz frequencies. Additional performance standards enable it to support transmission speeds of up to 1000 mbps (gigabit Ethernet).
What is the maximum supported throughput of a Cat6 cable?
10Gbps The maximum supported throughput of a Cat6 cable is 10Gbps.
Which network routing protocol is a path vector protocol that sends updates between routers using TCP?
BGP BGP is classified as a path-vector routing protocol, and it makes routing decisions based on paths, network policies, or rule-sets configured by a network administrator. BGP used for routing within an autonomous system is called Interior Border Gateway Protocol, Internal BGP (iBGP).
Which 802.11 standard functions are in both the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands?
802.11n operates on both the 2.4 GHz and the 5 GHz bands.
What is the theoretical maximum range of the 802.11 a wireless networking standard?
An 802.11a wireless network has a theoretical maximum transmission speed of 54 Mbps with an effective transmission speed of 11 to 18 Mbps and a range of about 20 meters, or 65 feet.
What is the maximum range of Class 2 2.5 milliwatt mW Bluetooth devices?
What is the maximum range of Class 2, 2.5 milliwatt (mW), Bluetooth devices? 10 meters or 33 feet.
What is the frequency of RFID?
RFID TAG CHARACTERISTICS OVERVIEW BASED ON FREQUENCY
|High Frequency (HF) 13.56 MHz||Induction Coil flat 3-9 turns|
|Very High Frequency (VHF) 433 Mhz Active Tags||Internal Custom Design|
|Ultra High Frequency (UHF) 860 MHz 960 MHz||Single or Double Dipole|
|Microwave Frequency 2.45 GHz & 5.4 GHz||Single Dipole|
When using RFID radio Frequency Identification What is an Arpt active reader passive tag )?
An Active Reader Passive Tag (ARPT) system has an active reader, which transmits interrogator signals and also receives authentication replies from passive tags. An Active Reader Active Tag (ARAT) system uses active tags awoken with an interrogator signal from the active reader.
How far can RFID be read?
Generally speaking RFID tag maximum read distances are as follows: 125 kHz.and 134.3 kHz. Low Frequency (LF) Passive RFID Tags -read distance of 30 cm (1 foot) or less – usually 10 cm (4 inches) unless you are using a very large tag which can have a read distance of up to 2 meters when attached to metal.
Why should wireless networks not use any frequency or channel?
The reason that certain channels aren’t the best choice to use is because they have interference. There are a couple different ways this interference is caused: Co-Channel interference results when there are numerous devices all competing for time to talk on the same channel.
What is the purpose of a probe response?
If they have compatible data rates, a probe response is sent advertising the SSID (wireless network name), supported data rates, encryption types if required, and other 802.11 capabilities of the AP. A mobile station chooses compatible networks from the probe responses it receives.
What are the two most important information contained in the beacon frames?
Each beacon frame (or probe response) contains a lot of information about the specific SSID being offered. While not a complete list, the really important items are as follows: SSID Name: 1-32 character name of the network. BSSID: Unique Layer 2 MAC address of the SSID.
Which fiber implementation is often referred to as FTTP?
Point-to-multipoint FTTP technology is commonly referred to as passive optical network (PON) technology. … There are various types, including broadband PON (BPON), gigabit PON (GPON) and Ethernet PON (EPON).
What is QoS data frame?
Data frames with a value of 1 in the QoS subfield of the Subtype field (Bit7) are collectively referred to as QoS data frames. Each of these data subtypes contains QoS in their names, and this frame format is distinguished by the presence of a QoS Control field in the MAC header.
What is the first field in an 802.11 header?
Frame Control The first three fields (Frame Control, Duration/ID, and Address 1) and the last field (FCS) constitute the minimal frame format and are present in all frames, including reserved types and subtypes.
How many cable pairs are needed for 1000Base T transmission over CAT5e?
4 pairs You need to use 4 pairs on Cat5e cable for 1000Base-T transmission. This adheres to IEEE 802.3ab (gigabit ethernet).
At what layer of the OSI model do the IP ICMP and ARP protocols operate?
TCP/IP Protocol Architecture Model
|OSI Ref. Layer No.||OSI Layer Equivalent||TCP/IP Protocol Examples|
|3||Network||IP, ARP, ICMP|
|2||Data Link||PPP, IEEE 802.2|
|1||Physical||Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) Token Ring, RS-232, others|
What is the IEEE standard for Poe group of answer choices?
IEEE 802.3AF standard that specifies a method for supplying electrical power over twisted-pair Ethernet connections.
What is the maximum supported throughput and bandwidth signal rate of Cat5e?
Cat5e can support network operating speeds of 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps or 1000 Mbps. The gigabit rates are the maximum speed for Cat5e cable. When used for voice and data applications below max rate, Category 5e has a cable length limitation of 100 metres.
Which device has most network ports?
Hub is commonly used to connect segments of a LAN (Local Area Network). A hub contains multiple ports. When a packet arrives at one port, it is copied to the other ports so that all segments of the LAN can see all packets. Hub acts as a common connection point for devices in a network.
What is the maximum supported throughput of a Cat6 cable 100 Mbps 100 Gbps 1 Gbps 10 Gbps?
What are the Ethernet Standards
|Category||Shielding||Maximum Transmission Speec (at 100m)|
|Cat 5 cable||unshielded>||10/100 Mbps|
|Cat 5e cable||unshielded||1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps|
|Cat 6 cable||shielded or unshielded||1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps|
|Cat 6a cable||shielded||10000 Mbps/ 10 Gbps|
Which protocol is a path vector routing protocol?
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is an example of a path vector protocol. In BGP, the autonomous system boundary routers (ASBR) send path-vector messages to advertise the reachability of networks. Each router that receives a path vector message must verify the advertised path according to its policy.
Is OSPF a distance vector protocol?
OSPF is not a distance-vector protocol like RIP, but a link-state protocol with a set of metrics that can be used to reflect much more about a network than just the number of routers encountered between source and destination. In OSPF, a router attempts to route based on the state of the links.
What is path state routing?
Link state routing is a technique in which each router shares the knowledge of its neighborhood with every other router in the internetwork. Every router that receives the packet sends the copies to all its neighbors. … Finally, each and every router receives a copy of the same information.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.