How serious is a compound fracture?

Compound fractures are more serious than simple fractures. They can be more painful, require additional treatments, and take longer to heal. Most compound fractures require surgical intervention during treatment, where the doctors will repair the fracture in the bone.

What is an example of a compound fracture?

Compound (or open) fractures are when the bone either punctures the skin or otherwise can be seen outside the body. The most common causes of compound fractures are falls, accidents, overuse, and osteoporosis.

What are the 4 types of fractures?

These are the main types of bone fractures:

  • Simple or Closed Fracture. A bone fracture is classified as simple or closed if the broken bone remains within the body and does not push into or out of the skin. …
  • Compound or Open Fracture. …
  • Incomplete or Partial Fracture. …
  • Complete Fracture.

How long does it take for a compound fracture to heal?

Generally speaking, a fracture may need as little as 4-6 weeks for the bone to heal. Compound fractures, however, are much more complicated and may take several more weeks or months to properly heal.

What is the most painful bone to break?

Here’s a look at some of the bones that hurt the most to break:

  • 1) Femur. The femur is the longest and strongest bone in the body. …
  • 2) Tailbone. You could probably imagine that this injury is highly painful. …
  • 3) Ribs. Breaking your ribs can be terribly distressing and quite painful. …
  • 4) Clavicle.

How do doctors fix a compound fracture?

Compound fractures can often be fully repaired through surgical correction of the deformity, along with care for the broken bone and the wound that it caused.

How do you treat a compound fracture?


  1. Stop any bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing.
  2. Immobilize the injured area. Don’t try to realign the bone or push a bone that’s sticking out back in. …
  3. Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain. …
  4. Treat for shock.

What is the difference between a fracture and a compound fracture?

A simple fracture is one that causes the bone to crack, but it does not pierce the skin. The smallest of these fractures are often called hairline fractures. A compound fracture, on the other hand, completely breaks the bone.

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How long does a compound ankle fracture take to heal?

You can expect most ankle fractures depending on how severe they are, to take 4-8 weeks for the bones to heal completely and up to several months to regain full use and range of motion of the joint. More severe fractures, especially those requiring surgical repair, may take longer to heal.

What is the most serious type of bone fracture?

Compound Fracture This is one of the most severe injuries: A compound or open fracture is when the bone pierces the skin when it breaks. Surgery is usually called for due to its severity and the risk of infection.

Which type of bone is easiest to break?

What are the Easiest Bones to Break in the Body?

  • Clavicle. The clavicle or collarbone is located near the front side of the chest near the shoulders and can fracture when pressure or stress is placed on the shoulders or when the arms are stretched out. …
  • Arm. …
  • Leg. …
  • Hip. …
  • Wrist.

Whats worse fracture or break?

There’s no difference between a fracture and a break. A fracture is any loss of continuity of the bone. Anytime the bone loses integritywhether it’s a hairline crack barely recognizable on an X-ray or the shattering of bone into a dozen piecesit’s considered a fracture.

Can you play football after a compound fracture?

Generally return to play requires a fracture to heal completely and in the proper position and alignment. The athlete must regain full motion, strength and function. This process applies whether or not a fracture requires surgery.

How do you dress a compound fracture?

If it is an open fracture, cover the wound with a sterile dressing or a clean non-fluffy cloth. Apply pressure around the wound and not over the protruding bone, to control any bleeding. Then secure the dressing with a bandage. Advise the casualty to keep still while you support the injured part to stop it from moving.

What is a foosh?

FOOSH is an unusual term for what’s known as fall on an outstretched hand. It’s one of the most common injuries seen in the Emergency Room, and can have a long-term effect on your fingers, hands, wrists, elbows or shoulders.

What’s the most painful thing in the world?

20 most painful conditions

  • Cluster headaches. A cluster headache is a rare type of headache, known for its extreme intensity and a pattern of occurring in clusters. …
  • Herpes zoster or shingles. …
  • Frozen Shoulder. …
  • Heart attack. …
  • Sickle cell disease. …
  • Arthritis. …
  • Sciatica. …
  • Kidney stones.
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What is the weakest bone in your body?

Clavicle Clavicle: Clavicle, or collar bone, is the body’s softest and weakest bone. It is easy to break since it is a thin bone that runs horizontally between your breastbone and shoulder blade.

Why do fractures hurt more at night?

During the night, there is a drop in the stress hormone cortisol which has an anti-inflammatory response. There is less inflammation, less healing, so the damage to bone due to the above conditions accelerates in the night, with pain as the side-effect.

Is a compound fracture an emergency?

Why is a compound fracture dangerous? Compound fractures are urgent situations because of the high risk of infection, tissue damage, and healing complications. All high-energy fractures, including compound fractures, are at risk for another serious associated condition called compartment syndrome.

Can you go into shock when you break a bone?

Although broken bones on their own, rarely cause fatalities, a severe break can cause the casualty to go into shock particularly if there is bleeding associated with the injury (either internal or external bleeding) and it is this shock that has the potential to be life threatening.

Is a fracture a pathology?

A pathologic fracture is a broken bone that’s caused by a disease, rather than an injury. Some conditions weaken your bones, which makes them more likely to break. Everyday things, such as coughing, stepping out of a car, or bending over can fracture a bone that’s been weakened by an illness.

Does putting ice on a broken bone hurt?

Ice and heat have contrasting effects on the inflammation of the site of injury. So, is heat or ice good for a broken bone? Applying ice to the site results in the constriction of blood vessels, reducing circulation and swelling. It may also be effective in reducing pain.

What happens in a compound fracture?

An open fracture, also called a compound fracture, is a fracture in which there is an open wound or break in the skin near the site of the broken bone. Most often, this wound is caused by a fragment of bone breaking through the skin at the moment of the injury.

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What is a compound fracture in the ankle?

In compound ankle fractures, a fragment of the involved bone breaks through the skin and causes an open wound. If you ever find yourself in this situation, JOI has the most experienced team of orthopedic surgeons in North Florida to get you back on the road to a full recovery.

Why is a compound fracture more serious than a simple fracture?

For example, a closed fracture is a break to the bone that does not damage surrounding tissue or tear through the skin. By contrast, a compound fracture is one that damages surrounding tissue and penetrates the skin. Compound fractures are generally more serious than simple fractures due to the risk of infection.

Why is a compound fracture more likely to become infected?

Cause. Infections typically occur after fractures because bacteria enter the body during the traumatic event. Although uncommon, bacteria can also enter the body during surgery to set the broken bones or later, after the injury has healed.

How long does it take to recover from a compound femur fracture?

Most femoral fractures take about 4 to 6 months to heal completely, but you should be able to resume many activities before this time.

Will my ankle ever be the same after a break?

If it’s a low-to-medium grade ligament injury or a stable bone fracture, then it’s highly likely that the ankle will be similar to before. With more severe ligaments and unstable fractures, there is always some difference in flexibility and appearance.

What is the name of the ankle bone that sticks out?

The lateral malleolus is the prominence on the outer side of the ankle, formed by the lower end of the fibula.

What are the 7 bones in the ankle called?

The tarsal bones are 7 in number. They are named the calcaneus, talus, cuboid, navicular, and the medial, middle, and lateral cuneiforms.