But, around the world, there are people who ingest small amounts of the chemical as a recreational intoxicant or give it to others as a so-called date-rape drug. This illegal black-market use of the product, commonly known as BDO, has drawn only minimal attention from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.
What is BDO used for?
Butanediol (BDO) is a valuable chemical intermediate used in the production of high performance polymers, solvents and fine chemicals. The BDO chain has three main branches – polymers, tetrahydrofuran (THF) derivatives and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) derivatives.
How do you make butanediol?
The first step in the Lyondell process is the isomerisation of propylene oxide to allyl alcohol. The second step is the hydroformylation of allyl alcohol to 4-hydroxy-butyraldehyde. The third and final step is the hydrogenation of the 4-hydroxy-butyraldehyde to BDO.
Is GBL legal in the US?
United States: GBL is regulated as a List I controlled chemical. As a GHB analog, it is also treated as a controlled substance under Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act if intended for human consumption.
What are commas 4 drugs?
Deputies say 1, 4-Butanediol is used to make floor strip, paint thinner, and other industrial products. Deputies say the chemical is also used as a drug known by some users as “One Comma Four”, “Liquid Fantasy”, “One Four Bee”, “Water”, “Scoop” or “One Four B-D-O”.
Can you buy GBL online?
You can order GBL gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL) Online to USA, Europe and why not world wide. It is passed time when one used to struggle really hard to buy gamma-Butyrolactone (GBL) Online at the stores offline by travelling kilometres and only if they are available.
What is BDO made of?
Production of 1,4-Butanediol BDO is a major commodity chemical used to annually make over 2.5 million tons of valuable polymers such as polyesters, plastics, and spandex fibers. It is currently produced from petroleum-based substrates such as acetylene, butane, propylene, and butadiene.
Is BDO flammable?
It is a colorless viscous liquid. … 1,4-Butanediol.
|GHS precautionary statements||P261 , P264 , P270 , P271 , P301+312 , P304+340 , P312 , P330 , P403+233 , P405 , P501|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)||1 1 0|
|Flash point||(open cup) 121 °C (250 °F; 394 K)|
|Autoignition temperature||350 °C (662 °F; 623 K)|
What is bio BDO?
Bio-BDO (Bio-butanediol) is a drop-in of BDO. A drop-in means that it has the same molecular structure as the fossil-based BDO but “Bio” means that the molecule was made from renewable resources. Bio-BDO is a chemical used as solvent and building block in (bio)plastics, elastic fibres and polyurethanes.
What is the butanediol pathway?
The 2,3 butanediol fermentation pathway will ferment glucose and produce a 2,3 butanediol end product instead of organic acids. In order to test this pathway, an aliquot of the MR/VP culture is removed and a-naphthol and KOH are added. … Note: A culture will usually only be positive for one pathway: either MR+ or VP+.
How many stereoisomers does 2/3 butanediol have?
three stereoisomers The volatile compound 2,3-butanediol, which is produced by certain strains of root-associated bacteria, consists of three stereoisomers, namely, two enantiomers (2R,3R- and 2S,3S-butanediol) and one meso compound (2R,3S-butanediol).
Is maleic anhydride an acid?
Maleic anhydride is an organic compound with the formula C2H2(CO)2O. It is the acid anhydride of maleic acid. It is a colorless or white solid with an acrid odor.
Can you buy GBL?
Just one teaspoon of the party drug GBL can be fatal but a legal loophole means it can be bought on the internet by the litre. Nicknamed Coma in a Bottle, it is illegal to take as a stimulant but can be imported from Europe for its intended use as an industrial cleaner.
How is GBL sold?
GBL is sold as a liquid, often presented in illicit sale as GHB. Prices of GBL vary between 9 cents to 2 euros for a recreational dose (1 ml). GBL is often used with other drugs, particularly cannabis, alcohol and ecstasy.
What drug is called Charlie?
Charlie Sheen is a narcotic used to alleviate seasonal allergies.
Is butanediol a GHB?
How does it work ? Butanediol is converted to gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) in the body. GHB slows down the brain, which can cause loss of consciousness along with dangerous slowing of breathing and other vital functions. It also stimulates growth hormone secretion.
How do you extract GBL?
GBL can be separated from aqueous solutions by a liquid-liquid extraction using methylene chloride or chloroform.
Can you buy GBL in Australia?
GBL is currently available for retail sale in Australia and is being imported as a component of acetone free nail wipes (15-17mL in a container of 30 nail wipes).
Is GBL legal in China?
GBL (and its like chemical 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BD)) will be illegal by the end of year as Class C drugs under the 1971 Act (subject to Parliamentary approval) with possession and supply limited where they are intended for human consumption.
Is butanediol soluble in water?
It is one of four stable isomers of butanediol. Readily soluble in water (1.0×106 mg/L at 20 deg °C), alcohols, ketones, glycol ethers, and glycol ether acetates; less soluble in diethyl ether and esters; not miscible with aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons.
What is butanediol skincare?
BG (butylene glycol or 1,4 butanediol) is also made from the petroleum-based raw material propylene oxide. BG is a solvent and plasticiser and used as a solvent in cosmetics and as a humectant in pharmaceutical products.
Is butylene glycol related to propylene glycol?
propylene glycol. Butylene glycol is similar to another chemical compound called propylene glycol. Propylene glycol is added to food products, cosmetics, and even de-icing agents, like antifreeze. All glycols are a type of alcohol, and butylene and propylene glycol have a similar molecular shape.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.