Is butanediol illegal?

It’s illegal to sell butanediol for use as medicine. Nevertheless, butanediol is sometimes used as a substitute for other illegal substances such as gamma butyrolactone (GBL) and gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB). Unfortunately, butanediol is just as dangerous as GBL and GHB.

What is the drug one comma four?

Deputies say 1, 4-Butanediol is used to make floor strip, paint thinner, and other industrial products. Deputies say the chemical is also used as a drug known by some users as “One Comma Four”, “Liquid Fantasy”, “One Four Bee”, “Water”, “Scoop” or “One Four B-D-O”.

Is BDO illegal?

But, around the world, there are people who ingest small amounts of the chemical as a recreational intoxicant or give it to others as a so-called date-rape drug. This illegal black-market use of the product, commonly known as BDO, has drawn only minimal attention from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.

What is BDO used for?

Butanediol (BDO) is a valuable chemical intermediate used in the production of high performance polymers, solvents and fine chemicals. The BDO chain has three main branches – polymers, tetrahydrofuran (THF) derivatives and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) derivatives.

Is BD a drug?

Butanediol is a chemical. It is used industrially to make floor stripper, paint thinner, and other solvent products. It is sometimes used in supplements as a substitute for illegal substances such as gamma butyrolactone (GBL) and gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB).

Is GBL legal?

Gamma butyrolactone (GBL) is UNSAFE. In the US, it is illegal to manufacture or sell GBL or the related products GHB and butanediol (BD). Use of GBL, or the closely related gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and butanediol (BD), has been linked to deaths and cases of serious side effects.

Can you buy GBL?

Just one teaspoon of the party drug GBL can be fatal but a legal loophole means it can be bought on the internet by the litre. Nicknamed Coma in a Bottle, it is illegal to take as a stimulant but can be imported from Europe for its intended use as an industrial cleaner.

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How do you make butanediol?

The first step in the Lyondell process is the isomerisation of propylene oxide to allyl alcohol. The second step is the hydroformylation of allyl alcohol to 4-hydroxy-butyraldehyde. The third and final step is the hydrogenation of the 4-hydroxy-butyraldehyde to BDO.

Is butanediol soluble in water?

It is one of four stable isomers of butanediol. Readily soluble in water (1.0×106 mg/L at 20 deg °C), alcohols, ketones, glycol ethers, and glycol ether acetates; less soluble in diethyl ether and esters; not miscible with aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons.

What is another name for GBL?

G is the name given to the drugs GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate) and GBL (gamma butyrolactone). Other names include G, Gina, Liquid E and Liquid ecstasy.

What is BDO made of?

Production of 1,4-Butanediol BDO is a major commodity chemical used to annually make over 2.5 million tons of valuable polymers such as polyesters, plastics, and spandex fibers. It is currently produced from petroleum-based substrates such as acetylene, butane, propylene, and butadiene.

Is BDO flammable?

It is a colorless viscous liquid. … 1,4-Butanediol.

GHS precautionary statements P261 , P264 , P270 , P271 , P301+312 , P304+340 , P312 , P330 , P403+233 , P405 , P501
NFPA 704 (fire diamond) 1 1 0
Flash point (open cup) 121 °C (250 °F; 394 K)
Autoignition temperature 350 °C (662 °F; 623 K)

What is OD Tablet?

OD Tablet is a Tablet manufactured by HOPE LIFE. It is commonly used for the diagnosis or treatment of esophageal mucosal injury, gastrin-secreting tumor , gastric ulcer. It has some side effects such as Diarrhea,Atrophic gastritis,Blurred vision,Dizziness.

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What is to OD?

verb (used without object), OD’d or ODed or OD’ed, OD’ing or OD·ing. to take an overdose of a drug. to die from an an overdose of a drug. to have or experience an excessive amount or degree of something.

What does 40mg bd mean?

twice a day —used in writing prescriptions.

How is GBL sold?

GBL is sold as a liquid, often presented in illicit sale as GHB. Prices of GBL vary between 9 cents to 2 euros for a recreational dose (1 ml). GBL is often used with other drugs, particularly cannabis, alcohol and ecstasy.

What products contain GBL?

GBL product names include: Longevity, Revivarant, G.H.Revitalizer, Gamma G, Blue Nitro, Insom-X, Remforce, Firewater and Invigorate. Previously, FDA warned consumers not to drink the products named Cherry fX Bombs, Lemon fX Drops and Orange fX Rush.

Can I buy GHB on Amazon?

Amazon prohibits third-party sellers from using its marketplace to sell scheduled controlled substances, like GHB, and List I chemicals, like GBL. BDO is neither. Still, Amazon specifies that its list of restricted products is “not all-inclusive” and the sale of “unsafe” products is strictly prohibited.

How do you extract GBL?

GBL can be separated from aqueous solutions by a liquid-liquid extraction using methylene chloride or chloroform.

What is butanediol fermentation pathway?

In the mixed acid fermentation pathway, glucose is fermented and produces several organic acids (lactic, acetic, succinic, and formic acids). … The 2,3 butanediol fermentation pathway will ferment glucose and produce a 2,3 butanediol end product instead of organic acids.

How do you synthesize gamma butyrolactone?

Production and synthesis γ-Butyrolactone is produced industrially by dehydrogenation of 1,4-butanediol at a temperature of 180–300 °C and atmospheric pressure in the presence of a copper catalyst. The yield of this process is approximately 95%.

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How many stereoisomers does 2/3 butanediol have?

three stereoisomers The volatile compound 2,3-butanediol, which is produced by certain strains of root-associated bacteria, consists of three stereoisomers, namely, two enantiomers (2R,3R- and 2S,3S-butanediol) and one meso compound (2R,3S-butanediol).

What is the pH of 1/4 butanediol?

7 – 8 1,4-Butanediol For Synthesis CAS No.: 110-63-4 pH: 7 – 8 (500 g/l, H2O, 20°C) Solubility: (20°C) soluble Melting Point: 19.5 – 20.0°C Molar Mass: 90.12 g/mol Boiling Point: 230°C (1013 hPa) Vapor Pressure: Flash Point: 134°C Refractive Index: 1.4446 (25°C, 589 nm) Explosion Limit: 2.4 – 15.3 %(V) …

What type of alcohol is Butan 1 3 diol?

With two alcohol functional groups, the molecule is classified as a diol. The compound is a colorless, water-soluble liquid. It is one of four common structural isomers of butanediol. … CHEBI:52683 – butane-1,3-diol.

ChEBI Name butane-1,3-diol
Definition A butanediol compound having two hydroxy groups in the 1- and 3-positions.

Is 1 3 Butanediol the same as butylene glycol?

1,3-Butanediol, also known as b-butylene glycol or BD, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as secondary alcohols. … 1,3-Butanediol is a bitter and odorless tasting compound.

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