The most common deformity following supracondylar fracture is cubitus varus, the incidence of which according to the literature varies between 9 and 57 per cent (H0yer 1952). Cubitus valgus is less common but more harmful because it carries the risk of progressive palsy of the ulnar nerve (Gay and Love 1947).
How do you treat cubitus valgus without surgery?
The Ilizarov technique with gradual controlled coordinated stretching is a safe and versatile method of treating cubitus valgus deformity at the elbow without the problems of an unsightly scar or limited range of movement and gives a good clinical and radiological outcome.
What causes cubitus varus?
Cubitus varus deformity may occur because of growth disturbances, but it probably results from malreduction of the supracondylar fracture with medial displacement of the distal fragments. Cubitus varus deformity, also known as bow-elbow is unsightly in appearance and does not cause functional disability.
What causes an increased carrying angle?
Certain fractures of the elbow can increase the carrying angle of the elbow, causing the arms to stick out too much from the body. This is called an excessive carrying angle. Other fractures of the elbow can decrease the carrying angle of the elbow. If the angle is decreased, the arm points toward the body.
Is cubitus valgus a disability?
A small degree of cubitus valgus (known as the carrying angle) is acceptable and occurs in the general population. When present at birth, it can be an indication of Turner syndrome or Noonan syndrome. …
|Cubitus varus versus cubitus valgus
How do you fix cubitus valgus?
In most cases, cubitus valgus is treated by one of two procedures: osteotomy or fixation. Osteotomy is a process in which your doctor cuts the bone in order to reshape it, thereby changing its alignment. A particular type of osteotomy called distraction osteogenesis has been used to treat cubitus valgus in children.
How do you check for knock knees?
Knock knees are usually assessed by directly measuring the angle of the shin bone to the thigh bone (tibiofemoral angle) or by measuring the distance between the ankles (intermalleolar distance). Sometimes photographs or x-rays can be taken to calculate these measures.
Why carrying angle is more in females?
INTRODUCTION: The carrying angle is acute angle between median axis of the upper arm with fully extended and supinated forearm. … It is said that females have more carrying angle than males because of variations in secondary sexual characters in females2 3 4 5 6.
What is cubitus Recurvatum?
The ability to extend your elbow beyond normal is a condition referred to as cubitus recurvatus. This condition can lead to joint problems, but proper strengthening of the muscles that surround the elbow joint can reduce the risk of injury.
What is a cubitus varus?
Cubitus varus or bow elbow or gunstock deformity is the result of malunion occurring as a complication of supracondylar fracture of the humerus. It occurs in only the extension type of supracondylar fracture of the humerus, causing a reduction or loss of the carrying angle.
Is cubitus varus bad?
Cubitus varus deformity is one of the most common complications seen in paediatric patients (age group: 58 years) following trauma. 1, 2, 3 The cubitus varus can increase the risk of lateral condylar fracture, pain, tardy posterolateral rotatory instability, internal rotational malalignment and poor cosmesis.
When do you correct cubitus varus?
Surgical technique. Surgical Correction of Cubitus Varus. Cubitus varus can arise from distal humerus fractures in childhood as a result of malunion, nonunion, or overgrowth. Several types of distal humerus osteotomies have been described to treat this deformity, each with its own benefits, drawbacks, and complications …
What is the purpose of the carrying angle?
Background: The carrying angle is defined as the acute angle made by the median axis of arm and median axis of forearm in full extension and supination. This angle permits the forearms to clear the hips in swinging movements during walking and is important when carrying objects.
Why does carrying angle disappear on flexion?
The carrying angle disappears when the elbow is flexed because the slant of the two articular surfaces is same when the elbow is flexed Grey’s Anatomy.
What are the pathologies associated with cubitus valgus and varus?
Cubitus varus and valgus are the most common complications of supracondylar and lateral condylar fractures. Various combinations of osteotomy and fixation have been described to correct these deformities but each is associated with significant complications.
Is varus medial or lateral?
It is determined by the distal part being more medial or lateral than it should be. Whenever the distal part is more lateral, it is called valgus. Whenever the distal part is more medial, it is called varus.
How do you measure an angle at home?
Carrying angle is measured by a manual goniometer with two drawing axes of the arm and forearm. The axis of the arm is defined by the lateral border of the cranial surface of the acromion to the midpoint of the lateral and medial epicondyles of the humerus.
Why knock knees are not allowed in army?
Answer is simple, in the military training you will need to go through vigorous physical training i.e Long distance running 30-40km, long standing, heavy lifting, crawling, climbing etc. If you have knock knees, your knees will not be able to cope with the amount of load needed in the military training.
Is knock knees common?
What causes knock knees? Knock knees are fairly common in healthy children under the ages of 6 or 7, and are just a normal part of growth and development. The legs will usually gradually straighten as the child grows, although mild knock knees can last into adulthood.
Is it possible to get rid of knock knees?
In almost all cases of genu valgum, the condition will resolve itself before a child reaches adolescence. For older children and adults, the most likely form of therapy involves stretches and exercises to realign the knees and relieve pain. Some people might find relief with orthotics or braces.
Where is the forearm of a woman?
Overall, the forearm comprises the lower half of the arm. It extends from the elbow joint to the hand, and it is made up of the ulna and radius bones.
What is the difference between male and female body?
Body composition differs between men and women. Men have more lean mass, and women have more fat mass than men. Men are more likely to accumulate adipose tissue around the trunk and abdomen, whereas women usually accumulate adipose tissue around the hips and thighs.
What is the normal carrying angle of the elbow for females?
Carrying angles formed by the long axis of the humerus and ulna, were measured. Results: The result of the study showed that the average carrying angle was 13.6 degrees for females and 6.7 degrees for males.
What is a valgus position?
A valgus deformity is a condition in which the bone segment distal to a joint is angled outward, that is, angled laterally, away from the body’s midline. The opposite deformation, where the twist or angulation is directed medially, toward the center of the body, is called varus.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.