What are aromatic solvents?

Aromatic solvents are organic chemicals that have a benzene ring structure such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, mixed xylenes (BTEX) and high flash aromatic naphthas. They are mostly used in the production of paints and coatings, oilfield chemicals, automotives, pharmaceuticals, adhesives and sealants.

What is heavy aromatic solvent?

Heavy aromatic solvents play an important role in the agrochemical industry. They are used as an inert solvent in agrochemical formulations to keep the active ingredients in solution and stable over time and varying storage and transport conditions.

What solvents are hydrocarbons?

Some examples of hydrocarbon solvents are benzene, kerosene and xylene. The primary use for these hydrocarbon solvents are for cleaning or dissolving water-insoluble substances such as grease and oil spills.

What are hydrocarbon solvents examples?

Common examples of hydrocarbon solvents are benzene, petroleum ether, and turpentine. Some hydrocarbon solvents particularly benzene are infamous for emitting hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) that cause poor health due to chronic or acute exposure.

What is C10 solvent?

Aromatic solvent C10 is a colorless, clear liquid with a mild aromatic odor. … USES OF C-10 Aromatic solvent C10 is a high boiling point (181-205 C) aromatic hydrocarbon solvent used mainly in paints and coatings, printing inks, and the agrochemical industry.

Is benzene a solvent?

Benzene is a widely used solvent and is present in gasoline, automobile emissions, and cigarette smoke. Historically, high-level exposure to benzene was commonplace, and, in general, benzene exposure has been the cause of great concern due to its carcinogenic properties.

What is aromatic naphtha?

Aromatic naphtha is a time-tested industrial chemical, outdating many of the industries that use it today. … They typically are made from petroleum and natural gas, although early forms of naphtha were actually derived from coal tar and peat.

What are heavy aromatics?

Heavy Aromatics (HA) is pale yellow liquid in colour. This is an excellent feedstock for solvent manufacturing of different grades containing pure aromatics of C10, C11 and C12 material. OMPL has an annual production capacity of 35 KTPA.

What is an organic solvent?

Organic solvents are carbon-based substances capable of dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances. … Many classes of chemicals are used as organic solvents, including aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, amines, esters, ethers, ketones, and nitrated or chlorinated hydrocarbons.

What are the different types of solutes?

Solute Examples

Solute Solution Type of Solution
Salt Seawater Solid dissolved in liquid
Sugar, dissolved carbon dioxide Soda Solid and gas dissolved in liquid
Oxygen, water vapor, carbon dioxide, argon Air Gas dissolved in gas
Chromium Stainless Steel Solid dissolved in solid

What are the 3 types of solvents?

Understanding the Types of Cleaning Solvents

What is hydrocarbon cleaning?

A hydrocarbon, in scientific terms is a compound of hydrogen and carbon, such as any of those that are the chief components of petroleum and natural gas. … When used as directed, ESHC will effectively clean, liquefy and degrade a wide range of hydrocarbons including gasoline, diesel, motor oil, crude oil, and many more.

Is kerosene a hexane?

The chemical composition of kerosene is fairly complex, and it is a complex mixture of paraffins (55.2%), naphthenes (40.9%), and aromatic hydrocarbons (3.9%). … Liquid kerosene fuels contain potentially harmful compounds, including hexane and benzene.

Is acetone a hydrocarbon solvent?

Yes, acetone is a hydrocarbon. Acetone belongs to the ketone group. Ketone groups are the organic compounds in which the carbonyl group will be bound to two hydrocarbon groups.

What are examples of organic solvents?

Examples of organic solvents

What is C9 solvent?

The C9 Aromatic Hydrocarbons Solvents Category is comprised of a petroleum naphtha refinery stream, Solvent naphtha, (petroleum), light aromatic, (CAS RN 64742-95-6; hereafter referred to as C9 aromatic. naphtha), from which the other, more chemically pure members of this category are isolated.

Where is naphtha from?

Naphtha (/np/ or /nf/) is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture. Mixtures labelled naphtha have been produced from natural gas condensates, petroleum distillates, and the distillation of coal tar and peat. In different industries and regions naphtha may also be crude oil or refined products such as kerosene.

Is phenol A solvent?

Phenol (also called carbolic acid) is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH. It is a white crystalline solid that is volatile. … Phenol.

Boiling point 181.7 C (359.1 F; 454.8 K)
Solubility in water 8.3 g/100 mL (20 C)
log P 1.48
Vapor pressure 0.4 mmHg (20 C)

Is dioxane a solvent?

Dioxane is used as a solvent, cleaning agent, chemical stabilizer, surface coating, adhesive agent, and an ingredient in chemical manufacture. Historically, dioxane was used as a stabilizer in chlorinated solvents, mainly for 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA).

Is toluene a solvent?

Toluene is a common solvent, e.g. for paints, paint thinners, silicone sealants, many chemical reactants, rubber, printing ink, adhesives (glues), lacquers, leather tanners, and disinfectants.

What is aromatic naphtha used for?

Aromatic naphtha is primarily known as a liquid solvent. Its common industrial applications include fuel additives, paints and coatings, pesticide formulations, industrial cleaning products and process fluids.

Is naphthalene an aromatic compound?

Naphthalene, with two fused rings, is the simplest polycyclic aromatic molecule. Note that all the carbon atoms except those at the points of fusion have a bond to a hydrogen atom. Naphthalene, which has 10 electrons, satisfies the Hckel rule for aromaticity.

What is VM & P naphtha?

An abbreviation for a trademark name of Varnish Makers and Painters Naphtha. VM&P naphtha is a aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent mixture distilled from petroleum. It has a boiling range of about 90-160C. VM&P naphtha is used as a paint thinner, metal degreaser and cleaning fluid.

What is solvent naphtha?

A complex combination of hydrocarbons obtained from distillation of aromatic streams. It consists predominantly of aromatic hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C9 through C16 and boiling in the range of approximately 165C to 290C (330F to 554F).

What is an aliphatic solvent?

Aliphatic solvents are in the category of aliphatic compounds. Aliphatic solvents do not contain a benzene ring. They are mixtures of saturated, long straight chain (normal-paraffin), branched chain (iso-paraffin) or cyclic paraffins.

What is solvesso100?

Solvesso 100 Aromatic Fluid by ExxonMobil Chemical is an aromatic fluid-based solvent. It appears as clear and transparent liquid with high solvency and controlled evaporation characteristics. … Solvesso 100 Aromatic Fluid is used in mastics and sealants.

What is the solvent for kerosene?

The following extraction techniques are used to purify kerosene. The Udex extraction process became popular in the United States during the 1970s. It uses a class of chemicals known as glycols as solvents. Both diethylene glycol and tetraethylene glycol are used because they have a high affinity for aromatic compounds.

What is universal solvent?

Water is called the universal solvent because it is capable of dissolving more substances than any other liquid. This is important to every living thing on earth. … This allows the water molecule to become attracted to many other different types of molecules.

Is benzene a chlorinated solvent?

Volatile organic compounds used in textile industry include Formaldehyde, Styrene, Toluene, Benzene and others as well as the subgroup of chlorinated solvents. … Chlorinated solvents can be clustered in three sub-groups: – Chlorinated Methanes (tetrachloromethane, chloroform, dichloromethane etc.)