What are the types of amputation?

They must all work together to help you maximize your functional mobility and have a positive outcome after a lower extremity amputation.

  • Above-Knee Amputation. Your physical therapist can help you after an amputation. …
  • Below-Knee Amputation. …
  • Hemipelvic Amputation. …
  • Toe Amputation. …
  • Partial Foot Amputation. …
  • Disarticulation.

What is hindquarter amputation?

An operation involving removal of an entire leg and part or all of the pelvis associated with it. It is usually performed for soft tissue or bone sarcomas arising from the upper thigh, hip, or buttock.

What is transtibial amputation?

Transtibial amputation, or below-knee amputation, is a surgical procedure performed to fully remove a lower limb that has been damaged due to trauma, congenital defect, or disease.

What is shoulder amputation?

An interscapular-thoracic amputation is the surgical separation of the humerus (upper arm bone), scapula (shoulder blade), and a portion of the clavicle (collar bone) from the body. In this procedure the entire shoulder and arm are removed.

What are the four classifications of an amputee?

A5 through A8 are for people with upper limb amputations. A9 is for people with combinations of upper and lower limb amputations. The classification system is largely medical, and generally has four stages. … Classes.

Class A5
Descriptions Bilateral above the elbow upper limb amputations
Abbr. A/E
Athletics T45, F45

What is the cost of a below the knee amputation?

Typical costs: For patients not covered by health insurance, the typical cost of an amputation ranges from $20,000 to $60,000 including the surgeon’s fee, facility fee, anesthesia and medical supplies.

What is a Boyd amputation?

The Boyd amputation is a surgical technique used to treat osteomyelitis of the foot. This amputation is a technically more difficult procedure to perform than the Syme amputation, but it offers certain advantages. The Boyd amputation provides a more solid stump because it preserves the function of the plantar heel pad.

What is a Gritti Stokes amputation?

Abstract. Background: The Gritti-Stokes amputation procedure is a modification of the traditional transfemoral amputation, with resection of the bone at a supracondylar femoral level and fixation of the patella to the distal part of the femur as an end-cap.

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What is a Hemipelvectomy surgery?

A hemipelvectomy is a surgical procedure that may be performed to address certain bone and soft tissue tumors that developed in or spread to the pelvis. An uncommon type of lower-extremity, above-the-knee amputation, hemipelvectomy involves the removal or resection of the pelvis.

What is a transfemoral amputation?

Transfemoral (above knee) amputation is a surgical procedure performed to remove the lower limb at or above the knee joint when that limb has been severely damaged via trauma, disease, or congenital defect.

What is a Symes amputation?

Background: Syme amputation (SA) is a term used to describe an amputation at the level of the ankle joint in which the heel pad is preserved. It is performed for a number of indications in a pediatric population. SA is purported to hold the advantage of allowing weight bearing without a prosthesis.

What is guillotine BKA?

Guillotine amputations are performed either for speed or for control of infection before a second, definitive amputation. In guillotine ankle amputation, all of the tissues from the skin to the bone are cut at the level of the ankle without creating flaps of soft tissue.

What is the most common upper limb amputation?

Finger amputations are the most common of upper limb amputations and mostly involve single digits. Upper limb amputations from trauma occur at a rate of 3.8 individuals per 100,000; finger amputations are the most common (2.8 per 100,000). Hand amputations from trauma occur at a rate of 0.02 per 100,000.

Can you be amputated at the waist?

The rarely performed surgery is called a hemicorporectomy or translumbar amputation, and involves removing the entire body below the waist, including legs, pelvic bone and urinary system.

What are the levels of upper limb amputation?

Levels of Upper Extremity Amputations At the wrist (wrist disarticulation) Below the elbow (transradial) At the elbow (elbow disarticulation) Above the elbow (transhumeral)

What is the most common lower limb amputation?

Of the approximately 1 million unilateral lower-extremity amputations due to dysvascular conditions, the most common were toe (33.2%), transtibial (28.2%), transfemoral (26.1%), and foot amputations (10.6%).

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What is the most common amputation?

Amputation is the surgical removal of all or part of a limb or extremity such as an arm, leg, foot, hand, toe, or finger. About 1.8 million Americans are living with amputations. Amputation of the leg — either above or below the knee — is the most common amputation surgery.

What is the ideal length of stump in below elbow amputation?

The optimum length of the residual bone is approximately 7.5-10cm proximal to the superior border of the patella. Very short trans-femoral stumps often end up in abduction because there is an imbalance between the adductor and abductor muscles.

How can I get a free prosthetic leg?

Amputee Blade Runners is a nonprofit organization that helps provide free running prosthetics for amputees. Running prosthetics are not covered by insurance and are considered “not medically necessary,” so this organization helps amputees keep an active lifestyle.

What is the price of artificial leg?

A prosthetic leg from a private centre can cost anywhere from Rs 8 lakh to more than Rs 10 lakh, depending on its functionality. Meanwhile, government centres offer prosthetic limbs at a flat rate of Rs 38 each. These limbs are made based on the requirements of the patients, and offer amputees mobility.

How much does a below the knee prosthetic leg cost?

If you want a basic, below-the-knee prosthetic, the average cost is around $3,000 to $10,000. A more flexible, below-the-knee prosthetic costs a little bit more, while one with special hydraulic and mechanical assistance ranges between $20,000 and $40,000. The computerized leg is the priciest option.

What is a Lisfranc amputation?

Lisfranc amputation – amputation of the foot at the tarsometatarsal joint, the sole being preserved to make the flap.

What is a fifth ray amputation?

The traditional partial fifth ray amputation technique for treatment of wounds isolated to the fifth toe and metatarsal phalangeal joint (MPJ) area involves removal of the fifth toe and metatarsal head.

What is a Myodesis?

Myodesis. Myodesis is performed to attach and stabilize muscle directly to bone in order to provide fixed resistance against which a muscle can move, to maintain function, and to provide distal padding of the bone.

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What is an above the knee amputation?

An above-the-knee amputation is surgery to remove your leg above the knee. Your doctor removed the leg while keeping as much healthy bone, skin, blood vessel, and nerve tissue as possible.

What is a through the knee amputation?

Through-knee amputation typically consists of surgical disarticulation of the knee joint with ligation of the popliteal vessels and sciatic nerve [22]. Crucially, there is maintenance of the adductor and quadriceps muscle groups and formation of a long posterior soft tissue envelope for closure of the stump [22].

How do you do BKA?

Surgical Technique

  1. tibial cut 2-3cm proximal from anterior skin edge with sagital saw perpendicular to bone.
  2. fibula cut at least 1cm proximal to avoid skin irritation.
  3. bevel distal tibia cut at 45° …
  4. can perform Ertle procedure to create fibula strut. …
  5. use amputation knife to cleanly debulk distal extremity.

How many Hemicorporectomy have been performed?

Including this clinical series, a total of 66 hemicorporectomies have now been reported in the literature.

What is partial foot amputation?

Partial foot amputation is removal of any portion of the foot (Fig. 12-1). The most common levels for this type of amputation are phalangeal, transmetatarsal, and midtarsal disarticulation (also known as Chopart’s disarticulation). Ray resection refers to removal of a metatarsal and its phalanges.

Can you amputate a pelvis?

With an amputation at the hip or pelvis, the core’s junction with the limb has been lost. In every amputation where part of the limb is retained, the socket fits over the residual limb.

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