Hypercementosis is excessive deposition of cementum on the tooth roots. In most cases, its cause is unknown. Occasionally, it appears on a supraerupted tooth after the loss of an opposing tooth. Another cause of hypercementosis is inflammation, usually resulting from rarefying or sclerosing osteitis. What is the treatment for hypercementosis?
Periodontitis with hypercementosis is a rare case and in this case report, hypercementosis was occurred due to apical periodontitis from the necrotic tooth. The treatment, in this case, includes endodontics, regenerative periodontal procedures, and orthodontics which can also function as splints.
What is hypercementosis characterized by?
Hypercementosis is characterized by cementum formation beyond the physiological limits of the tooth. Hypercementosis usually occurs as a generalized thickening of the cementum with nodular enlargement of the apical third of the root. Is Hypercementosis common?
Hypercementosis is a common finding in the Indian population, usually seen in association with one or more local or systemic causes.
What is Hypercementosis and how does it happen?
Hypercementosis is an idiopathic, non-neoplastic condition characterized by the excessive buildup of normal cementum (calcified tissue) on the roots of one or more teeth. A thicker layer of cementum can give the tooth an enlarged appearance, which mainly occurs at the apex or apices of the tooth. What are the types of Hypercementosis?
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Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)
What is the second tooth in Hypodontia?
It rarely occurs in primary teeth (also known as deciduous, milk, first and baby teeth) and the most commonly affected are the adult second premolars and the upper lateral incisors.
What is a ghost tooth?
Teeth in a region or quadrant of maxilla or mandible are affected to the extent that they exhibit short roots, wide open apical foramen and large pulp chamber, the thinness and poor mineralisation qualities of th enamel and dentine layers have given rise to a faint radiolucent image, hence the term Ghost teeth.
How can you tell the difference between Hypercementosis and Cementoblastoma?
Radiographically, the teeth affected by hypercementosis show thickening of the root, surrounded by radiolucent periodontal ligament space, and intact lamina dura. In turn, cementoblastoma is a calcified mass attached to the dental root, with loss of contour due to root resorption and fusion with tumor.
What causes Dilaceration?
Two possible causes of dilaceration are trauma and developmental disturbances, and it has also been proposed that it might be associated with some developmental syndromes. Dilaceration can be seen in both the permanent and deciduous dentitions, and it is more commonly found in posterior teeth and in the maxilla.
What is Cementoblastoma?
What is an enamel Pearl?
Enamel pearls are one of a number of different enamel structures that can be found on the roots of deciduous and permanent teeth. They have a distinct predilection for the furcation areas of molar, particularly the maxillary third and second molars.
When do Mamelons teeth go away?
Mamelons usually occur in permanent or adult teeth. They are most noticeable up until you’re 10 years old, according to a 2020 study. The study also reported that mamelons typically go away when you’re about 25 years old.
What does Abfraction mean?
Dental abfractions are v-shaped notches that appear near the gingival margin. These lesions are not caused by decay. Rather, they are the result of certain dental conditions, such as bruxism (teeth grinding).
How do you treat condensing osteitis?
How is condensing osteitis treated?
- a root canal to help treat inflammation and any infections around the affected tooth.
- antibiotics for any existing infections.
- extraction for the affected tooth if permanent damage to the pulp is suspected.
What causes external root resorption?
Root resorption may occur on one tooth or on several teeth within a dentition and it may be caused by trauma, periodontitis, orthodontic treatment, internal bleaching, cysts, tumors, or by stimuli from a necrotic dental pulp.
Is Amelogenesis imperfecta hereditary?
Amelogenesis imperfecta can have different inheritance patterns depending on the gene that is altered. Many cases are caused by mutations in the FAM83H gene and are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern . This type of inheritance means one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder.
What are Cementocytes?
Cementocytes are cementoblasts enclosed in a self-generated matrix. Following matrix mineralization, cementoblasts lose their secretory ability and become cementocytes. Read Less. Postnatal. Tooth.
What are Cementicles?
A cementicle is a small, spherical or ovoid calcified mass embedded within or attached to the cementum layer on the root surface of a tooth, or lying free within the periodontal ligament. They tend to occur in elderly individuals. … Free cementicle – not attached to cementum.
What is the dental lamina?
Medical Definition of dental lamina : a linear zone of epithelial cells of the covering of each embryonic jaw that grows down into the developing gums and gives rise to the enamel organs of the teeth. — called also dental ridge.
What is periapical Cemental dysplasia?
Periapical cemental dysplasia is a benign condition mostly seen in patients over 20 years of age and is more common in women. The lesion occurs in and near the periodontal ligament around the apex of a tooth, usually a mandibular incisior.
What is Talon cusp?
Talon cusp is a rare dental anomaly in which a cusp-like mass of hard tissue protrudes from the cingulum area of maxillary or mandibular anterior teeth. The typical appearance of this projection is conical and resembles an eagle’s talon.
What is periapical Cemento osseous dysplasia?
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia (PCOD) is a rare benign lesion, often asymptomatic, in which fibrous tissue replaces the normal bone tissue, with metaplasic bone and neo-formed cement.
Is hypodontia a birth defect?
Some individuals are born with fewer teeth. Disturbances during the early stages of tooth formation may result in the congenital absence of one or more teeth. Popularly known as hypodontia, missing teeth are a developmental abnormality wherein some of the permanent teeth fail to grow.
Is hypodontia serious?
Severe hypodontia is the absence of six or more permanent teeth and is relatively uncommon (estimated prevalence of 0.1-0.2%). This condition may have considerable functional, aesthetic and psychological implications for the patient, as well as presenting a significant challenge for the restorative dentist.
What stage of teeth does hypodontia occur?
Primary (baby) teeth start to form between the sixth and eighth week of prenatal development, and permanent teeth begin to form in the twentieth week. If teeth do not start to develop at or near these times, they will not develop at all, resulting in hypodontia or anodontia.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.