(noun) Upright posts located between two pillars or piers on either side of a doorway or entrance of aGreek temple. What is antis architecture?
Anta, plural antas, or antae, in architecture, slightly projecting column at the end of a wall, produced by either a thickening of the wall or attachment of a separate strip. … Columns set in the space between antas, such as those in the temple of Ramses III at Madīnat Habu, Egypt, are termed “in antis.”

What does the term Peripteral mean?

1 : having a row of columns on all sides : peristylar. 2 : relating to or characterized by the motions of the air surrounding a moving body. What is a metope in Greek?
In classical architecture, a metope (μετόπη) is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is a decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the architrave of a building of the Doric order.

What is the top of the Parthenon called?

The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. What order is used in the Erechtheion?

The column The Erechtheion is a highly decorated and elegant Ionic temple. The scroll forms at the top of the column (the capital) and its tall slender profile indicate that this is the Ionic order.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is an amphiprostyle temple plan?

In classical architecture, amphiprostyle (from the Greek ἀμφί (amphi), on both sides, and πρόστυλος (prostylos), a portico) denotes an ancient temple with a portico both at the front and the rear, where the columns on the narrow sides are not between antae. … The Athena Nike temple is one such example.

What is a Opisthodomos used for?

The opisthodomos was used as a treasury and held the votives and offerings left at the temple for the god or goddess. The opisthodomos is accessed through the naos by two doors. The opisthodomos was separated from the naos and had its own entrance and set of columns in antis.

What is meaning of Kamar in English?

waist countable noun. Your waist is the middle part of your body, above your hips. waist countable noun. The waist of a garment such as a dress or pair of trousers is the part of it which covers the middle part of your body. /kamara, kamar, kmara, kmar, kamra, kamr, kmra, kmr/

What does post mean?

post- a prefix, meaning “behind,” “after,” “later,” “subsequent to,” “posterior to,” occurring originally in loanwords from Latin (postscript), but now used freely in the formation of compound words (post-Elizabethan; postfix; postgraduate; postorbital).

Is Anta a word?

What is a Doric temple?

Doric temples were the first style of temples made from stone, not wood, and are identifiable by the columns and entablature. The columns are tapered with 20 flutes, and have a smooth top piece called a capital.

What is peristyle in art?

In Hellenistic Greek and Roman architecture, a peristyle (/ˈpɛrɪstaɪl/; from Greek περίστυλον) is a continuous porch formed by a row of columns surrounding the perimeter of a building or a courtyard.

What does cella mean?

: the frequently hidden inner part of a Greek or Roman temple that housed the image of the deity also : the corresponding part of a modern building of similar design. — called also naos.

What is the difference between a frieze and a metope?

Metopes (rectangular slabs carved in high relief) were placed above the architrave (the lintel above the columns) on the outside of the temple. … The frieze (carved in low relief) ran around all four sides of the building inside the colonnade.

What are metopes Triglyphs?

The triglyphs were the ends of the wooden beams of the roof, and the metopes were the spaces between the beams. When architects began building stone temples, they wanted them to look familiar, so they kept the pattern, even though it had nothing to do with the structure anymore.

What mythological battle is depicted in the metopes of the Parthenon?

Each side of the Parthenon depicts a different mythological and historical theme. At the east (or front) of the temple the metopes depicted the Gigantomachy, or the battle between the gods and the giants.

What is the elements of Parthenon?

The Parthenon combines elements of the Doric and Ionic orders. Basically a Doric peripteral temple, it features a continuous sculpted frieze borrowed from the Ionic order, as well as four Ionic columns supporting the roof of the opisthodomos.

What is Parthenon principle?

It’s linear design, strict proportionality (the classic Greek 5:8 ratio figures prominently her, as in Greek sculpture), and the general harmony of elements call to mind similar elements prized in Greek art, drama, philosophy, and science.

Where is Greece?

eastern Europe Greece is a country in south eastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in south and the Ionian Sea in west. Greece is bordered by Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Republic of Macedonia, and it shares maritime borders with Cyprus, Egypt, Italy, and Libya.

What is the message of the caryatid porch on the Erechtheion?

Interestingly, the porch of the Erechtheion stands over what was believed to be the tomb of the mythical king Kekrops and perhaps the Caryatids and their libation vessels are a tribute to this fact – libations were poured into the ground as an offering to the dead during religious festivals.

What is the story behind the Erechtheion?

The Erechtheion (or Erechtheum) is an ancient Greek temple constructed on the acropolis of Athens between 421 and 406 BCE in the Golden Age of the city in order to house the ancient wooden cult statue of Athena and generally glorify the great city at the height of its power and influence.

What makes Prostyle and Amphiprostyle temples different?

A prostyle temple is a temple that has columns only at the front, while an amphiprostyle temple has columns at the front and the rear.

What is a temple with four columns at the front called?

A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. This idea was widely used in ancient Greece and has influenced many cultures, including most Western cultures.

What is the Doric order in Greek architecture?

The Doric order is characterized by a plain, unadorned column capital and a column that rests directly on the stylobate of the temple without a base. The Doric entablature includes a frieze composed of trigylphs—vertical plaques with three divisions—and metopes—square spaces for either painted or sculpted decoration.

What is a Greek Naos?

cella, Greek Naos, in Classical architecture, the body of a temple (as distinct from the portico) in which the image of the deity is housed. In early Greek and Roman architecture it was a simple room, usually rectangular, with the entrance at one end and with the side walls often being extended to form a porch.

What was unique about the dimensions and proportions of the Naos?

What was unique about the dimensions and proportions of the naos? The proportion between length and width was slightly greater than two to one.

What is the Panathenaic procession?

The Panathenaia are an ancient religious festival in Athens. The Athenians went in procession to the akropolis, sacrificed 100 oxen and gave offerings, including a richly embroidered cloth, to the goddess Athena in the Parthenon temple.

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