What does caliectasis mean?

Caliectasis is a condition that affects the calyces in your kidneys. Your calyces are where urine collection begins. Each kidney has 6 to 10 calyces. They’re on the outer edges of your kidneys. With caliectasis, the calyces become dilated and swollen with extra fluid.

What is pelvocaliectasis of the kidney?

Dilation of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys resulting from obstruction to the flow of urine.

What is pelvic caliectasis?

Pelvic caliectasis merely means a slight ballooning of the collecting system within the kidney as a result of the UPJ obstruction.

What causes Pelviectasis?

The most common causes of pyelectasis are: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction: A blockage of urine between the kidneys and the ureter. Vesicoureteral reflux: An abnormal flow of urine from the bladder to the kidneys.

What causes Calyceal diverticulum?

Potentially acquired causes of calyceal diverticula can be broadly classified as obstructive, neuromuscular, traumatic, or fibrotic. Obstruction has been proposed as a factor secondary to stone formation28 or infection either within the calyx or from a localized cortical abscess draining into a calyx.

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Is Pelvocaliectasis the same as hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis Mild hydronephrosis is often asymptomatic and may be found incidentally. Typically, hydronephosis is detected on a renal ultrasound and is also referred to as pelviectasis or pelvicaliectasis, depending on the degree of dilation.

Is pyelectasis serious?

What Are the Long-term Effects of Fetal Pyelectasis or Pelviectasis? Ultrasound follow-up after birth and other tests can identify those babies for whom fetal pyelectasis/pelviectasis is part of a serious problem. When these tests show no problem in the urinary system, the babies do very well.

Is pyelectasis common?

Pyelectasis is an increased collection of urine in part of the baby’s kidney called the renal pelvis. Approximately 1 in every 40 pregnancies have pyelectasis, and this can be seen in one or both of the kidneys. Pyelectasis can be seen in any pregnancy, but is more common in boys.

Is hydronephrosis a kidney disease?

Hydronephrosis (kidney swelling) occurs as the result of a disease. It is not a disease itself. Conditions that may lead to hydronephrosis include: Blockage of a ureter due to scarring caused by prior infections, surgeries, or radiation treatments.

Can hydronephrosis be treated with antibiotics?

How is Hydronephrosis Treated? Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics.

What is hydronephrosis of kidney?

Hydronephrosis is a condition where one or both kidneys become stretched and swollen as the result of a build-up of urine inside them. It can affect people of any age and is sometimes spotted in unborn babies during routine pregnancy ultrasound scans.

What is mild Pelviectasis?

Mild dilatation of this renal pelvis, also called pyelectasis or pelviectasis is defined as a measurement between 4mm and 10mm in the second trimester. There can be confusion about the significance of this finding and what to do when it is found.

What is Pelviectasis of the kidney in adults?

Hydronephrosis is not a disease, but can be a radiographic sign of other kidney or bladder problems or developmental issues. Similar terms for less severe kidney swelling which are used interchangeably are pyelectasis or pelviectasis.

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What is isolated pyelectasis?

Isolated fetal pyelectasis is identified in 13% of fetuses during second-trimester targeted ultrasound1, 2. Studies have shown that fetal pyelectasis in the presence of other congenital anomalies and/or sonographic soft markers is associated with an increased likelihood of aneuploidy, particularly trisomy 213, 4.

Is Calyceal diverticulum painful?

Calyceal diverticula are usually asymptomatic; however, they can become problematic at times. These diverticula are known to be associated with flank pain, hematuria, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), and calculus formation.

How is Calyceal diverticulum treated?

Caliceal diverticula represent a therapeutic challenge for the endourologist. Treatment options for symptomatic, stone-bearing, caliceal diverticula include shockwave lithotripsy (SWL), ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephrostolithotomy/ablation, and laparoscopic unroofing.

What is a Calyceal diverticulum?

Abstract. Calyceal diverticula are rare outpouchings of the upper collecting system that likely have a congenital origin. Stones can be found in up to 50% of calyceal diverticula, although, over the combined reported series, 96% of patients presented with stones.

What is Perinephric stranding?

Perinephric stranding refers to the appearance of edema within the fat of the perirenal space on CT or MRI.

What gives the renal pyramids their striped appearance?

These are striped in appearance because they contain microscopic coiled tubes called nephrons, the functional unit of the kidney . Urine is made by the nephrons and drains into tiny collecting ducts within the medullary pyramids. The collecting ducts merge at the base of the pyramids to form the renal papilla.

What causes mild Pelviectasis?

Two of the more common causes for mild hydronephrosis and their effects are: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction, also referred to as UPJ obstruction, is the most common cause of hydronephrosis. With UPJ obstruction, the flow of urine from the kidney to the ureter is blocked. This can affect one or both kidneys.

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Can Pyelectasis go away?

Pyelectasis will resolve spontaneously more than 90 percent of the time. If the blockage is more severe, your baby may need follow-up care and possibly surgery after delivery.

Is Pyelectasis a marker for Down syndrome?

Pyelectasis and Down Syndrome Risk Pyelectasis is considered an ultrasound marker, which increases the chance that the baby may have Down syndrome. Although Down syndrome can occur in any pregnancy, the chance for Down syndrome increases with the mother’s age.

What are the main signs of Down syndrome in an ultrasound?

Certain features detected during a second trimester ultrasound exam are potential markers for Down’s syndrome, and they include dilated brain ventricles, absent or small nose bone, increased thickness of the back of the neck, an abnormal artery to the upper extremities, bright spots in the heart, ‘bright’ bowels, mild …

How much more common is pyelectasis in boys?

Pyelectasis is a dilation of the renal pelvis. It is a relatively common ultrasound finding in fetuses and is three times more common in male fetuses.

Does enlarged kidney mean Down syndrome?

Less often, a dilated renal pelvis is an early sign of a more serious problem with the bladder, kidney, or ureter. Down syndrome: Some studies suggest a small chance for Down syndrome with this ultrasound finding.

Is pyelectasis genetic?

Compared with normal fetuses, those with pyelectasis had a relative risk of 6.1 to have a recurrence of this finding in their next pregnancy (95% confidence interval, 4.3-7.5, p < 0.001). These results suggest a predisposition for pyelectusis that may be influenced by genetic and/or environmental factors.

What is the best treatment for hydronephrosis?

Most people with hydronephrosis will have a procedure called catheterisation to drain the urine from their kidneys. Depending on the underlying cause, medication or surgery may be needed afterwards to correct the problem.

Is hydronephrosis serious?

Left untreated, severe hydronephrosis can lead to permanent kidney damage. Rarely, it can cause kidney failure. But hydronephrosis typically affects only one kidney and the other kidney can do the work for both.

What is the main cause of hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is usually caused by a blockage in the urinary tract or something disrupting the normal workings of the urinary tract. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys, the bladder, the ureters (the tubes that run from the kidney to the bladder) and the urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body).