anatomy a narrow split or groove that divides an organ such as the brain, lung, or liver into lobesSee also sulcus. a small unnatural crack in the skin or mucous membrane, as between the toes or at the anus.

How are fissures described as?

1 : a narrow opening or crack of considerable length and depth usually occurring from some breaking or parting a fissure in the earth’s crust. 2a : a natural cleft between body parts or in the substance of an organ. b : a break or slit in tissue usually at the junction of skin and mucous membrane.

What is the meaning of Henle?

noun phrase. : the U-shaped part of the nephron of birds and mammals that lies between and is continuous with the proximal and distal convoluted tubules and that functions in water resorption.

What is fissure in lungs?

A pulmonary fissure is a boundary between the lobes in the lungs. Its segmentation is of clinical interest as it facilitates the assessment of lung disease on a lobar level.

What are fissures in science?

In geology, a fissure is a fracture or crack in rock along which there is a distinct separation; fissures are often filled with mineral-bearing materials. … On volcanoes, a fissure is an elongate fracture or crack at the surface from which lava erupts.

What is an example of fissures?

If something breaks into fine cracks, you can describe the action with the verb form of fissure. For example, She watched in horror as the earth fissured beneath her feet, recognizing the signs of an earthquake but powerless to do anything to save herself except throw herself to the ground and hang on.

What are the types of fissure?

Types of anal fissure

Which ointment is best for fissure?

Normally used to relax blood vessels, nitroglycerin ointment is the most effective medicine for relaxing the anal sphincter to treat anal fissure.

Where is the loop of Henle found?

The Loop of Henle (LoH) is a long, straight, tubular segment connecting the proximal tubule to the distal convoluted tubule and lies parallel to the collecting ducts. The LoH descends from the cortex or medulla (depending on the size/length of the nephron) into the papilla of the kidney.

What happens in ascending loop of Henle?

The thick ascending limb expresses a sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter and helps reabsorb approximately a third of the filtered sodium and chloride from the fluid in the tubular lumen into the blood. Other functions of the loop of Henle include: Homeostatic mechanisms to regulate the extracellular fluid volume.

Which part of the loop of Henle is permeable to water?

descending limb The descending limb of the loop of Henle is permeable to water. Water diffuses into the hyperosmolar medullary interstitium.

What causes fissures in lungs?

These anatomical partitions help prevent mechanical damage or infectious agents from affecting nearby the lobes. oblique fissure separates the two lobes of the left lung.

Are lung fissures normal?

The normal major fissures consist of double layers of infolded invaginations of the visceral pleura. The major fissures separate the lower pulmonary lobes from the upper lobe on the left and from the upper and middle lobes on the right.

What is the function of lung fissures?

In the right lung, the short horizontal fissure runs horizontally from the oblique fissure up to the anterior border and separates a wedge-shaped middle lobe from the upper lobe [1]. The fissures facilitate a uniform expansion of whole lung for more air intake during respiration.

What is fissure in literature?

The definition of a fissure is an opening in the Earth, or a disagreement or split on an issue. A long and narrow crack in the earth that forms an opening is an example of a fissure. When two members of a group have a disagreement and split on an issue, this is an example of a fissure. noun. 2.

What is a medical Fisher?

An anal fissure is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines the anus. An anal fissure may occur when you pass hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures typically cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements.

What does fossa mean in anatomy?

depression Fossa – A shallow depression in the bone surface. Here it may receive another articulating bone or act to support brain structures. Examples include trochlear fossa, posterior, middle, and anterior cranial fossa.

What should not eat in fissure?

Most fissures can heal by following good elimination habits.

Is Vaseline good for fissures?

Soaking in a warm bath (also called a sitz bath), 10 to 20 minutes several times a day, to help relax the anal muscles; Cleansing the anorectal area more gently; Avoiding straining or prolonged sitting on the toilet; Using petroleum jelly to help lubricate the anorectal area.

What is the difference between piles and fissure?

Piles are mainly the swollen blood vessels while fissures are kind of cracks and fistulas are an opening of a cavity. Piles are mostly painless and unnoticeable. Fissures cause a lot of pain. In the case of fistulas, pus is discharged out of the anal area.

Can you cut your bum having a poo?

What causes anal fissures? Anal fissures are most commonly caused by damage to the lining of the anus or anal canal, the last part of the large intestine. Most cases occur in people who have constipation, when a particularly hard or large poo tears the lining of the anal canal.

Can I use hemorrhoid cream for fissures?

Petroleum jelly, zinc oxide, 1% hydrocortisone cream, and products like Preparation H can help soothe the area. Instead of toilet paper, use alcohol-free baby wipes that are gentler on the area. Sitz baths can help heal fissures and make you feel better.

Is zinc oxide good for fissures?

You can treat anal fissures with a zinc oxide ointment to reduce discomfort. A bath that covers your hips and buttocks may also be helpful. Sitting in a bath 2-3 times a day for 10-20 minutes will relax the area and reduce discomfort. This is especially recommended after passing a stool.

Which antibiotic is best for fissure?

The topical antimicrobial treatment with metronidazole as an addition to the classical medical treatments in acute anal fissure is an effective and safe practice resulting in further reduction in pain and increased healing rate.

What is Henles loop?

Loop of Henle, long U-shaped portion of the tubule that conducts urine within each nephron of the kidney of reptiles, birds, and mammals. … This function allows production of urine that is far more concentrated than blood, limiting the amount of water needed as intake for survival.

How many loops of Henle are in the kidney?

The ques- tion is important, since of the two types of nephron, only one has loops of Henle in the inner renal medulla, the region with the highest osmotic pressure. While a definitive answer is not yet available, several features are described which lay the basis for a speculative conclusion. in most mammals.

How does the loop of Henle conserve water?

The kidney conserves water by first diluting urine as it moves through the loop of Henle and then concentrating urine in the distal tubules and collecting ducts (the latter under the influence of antidiuretic hormone or ADH).