A STATic synchronous COMpensator (STATCOM) is a fast-acting device capable of providing or absorbing reactive current and thereby regulating the voltage at the point of connection to a power grid.
What is STATCOM and SVC?
SVC (Static Var Compensator) and STATCOM (Static Synchronous Compensator) are shunt devices in the FACTS family. The initial of the two, SVC, based on high power thyristor technology, appeared in the field in the 1970s. … With SVC and STATCOM, the power transmission capability of lines can be increased considerably.
How does a STATCOM work?
STATCOM is connected parallel in power grid and works as reactive current source. Its reactive current can be flexibly controlled and compensate reactive power for system automatically. … And regulates AC voltage amplitude and phase of inverter to absorb or produce reactive power for system.
Why STATCOM is needed?
The Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) is used in an HVDC system to provide reactive power compensation. It makes use of the Voltage Source Converter (VSC) to synthesize a controllable sinusoidal voltage at the fundamental frequency.
Is STATCOM an inverter?
PV-STATCOM: A New Smart Inverter for Voltage Control in Distribution Systems. … The proposed PV-STATCOM can be utilized to provide voltage control during critical system needs on a 24/7 basis. In the night-time, the entire inverter capacity is utilized for STATCOM operation.
How is STATCOM connected in the system?
The two areas are connected by two parallel connected long transmission lines. The direction of real power flow is from area-1 to area-2. The STATCOM is placed on one of the transmission lines and near to the generator being analyzed (area-1). Two-area system with STATCOM device.
Is STATCOM better than SVC?
A STATCOM offers better dynamic performance than a SVC, in particular a faster response time as well as the ability to generate or absorb reactive power when the grid voltage drops. It therefore helps increase reliability and availability of grid operation.
What is the functional difference between STATCOM and SVC?
STATCOM devices are capable of much faster dynamic reaction (1/4-1 cycle) than an SVC. In a STATCOM the speed of response is limited by the commutation frequency of the IGBT’s (normally 1 kHz).
Why FACTS devices are used?
FACTS devices are static power-electronic devices installed in AC transmission networks to increase power transfer capability, stability, and controllability of the networks through series and/or shunt compensation . These devices are also employed for congestion management and loss optimization.
Where are Statcoms used?
Usually a STATCOM is installed to support electrical networks that have a poor power factor and often poor voltage regulation. The most common use of STATCOM is for voltage stability. A STATCOM is a voltage source converter (VSC) based device, with the voltage source behind a reactor.
What are the features of STATCOM?
Key features of STATCOM System include:
- Usually connected to High Voltage (HV) grid via a step down power transformer.
- Always a symmetrical power rating in the inductive and capacitive operating regions.
- Hybrid solutions available for increased power rating including: STATCOM, plus.
- Thyristor Switched Components,
What is a STATCOM explain its construction and working?
STATCOM or Static Synchronous Compensator is a shunt device, which uses force-commutated power electronics (i.e. GTO, IGBT) to control power flow and improve transient stability on electrical power networks. It is also a member of the so-called Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices.
What are the benefits of FACTS?
FACTS enhance the overall grid capacity and performance. They also increase the reliability and efficiency of your power system. By mitigating power oscillations, FACTS are able to offer you greater control over your energy.
What is the main purpose of series compensation?
The main purpose of series compensation in power systems is to decrease the reactive impedance of the transmission line to reduce voltage drop over long distances and to reduce the Ferranti effect.
Which type of controller is STATCOM?
Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) is a Shunt active FACTS controller when connected at the mid point of the transmission line, it can improve voltage regulation, power flow and stability of the transmission systems.
How does a STATCOM generate reactive power?
STATCOM consists of DC link capacitor, AC filter, 3- phase Inverter (IGBT/MOSFET/SCR). … If the Vi is higher than Vs, the current, I, flows through the coupling inductor from the STATCOM to the ac system, and the device generates capacitive reactive power.
What is SSSC in power system?
The static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) is a power quality FACTS device that employs a VSC connected in series to a transmission line through a transformer or multilevel inverters.
What is the difference between STATCOM and Dstatcom?
A static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), also known as a static synchronous condenser (STATCON), is a regulating device used on alternating current electricity transmission networks. … A DSTATCOM is a shunt compensation device that provides an effective solution for reactive power compensation and voltage regulation.
How is the Statcom superior to SVC?
Secondly, STATCOM is much better than SVC in improving the transient stability and transmission limit. Thirdly, on the damping low frequency oscillation, STATCOM is much better than SVC as SVC and STATCOM have the same capacity, and performs similarly with SVC as the two have the same controllable capacity.
What is the drawback in series connected capacitor?
Disadvantages and Cautions They cannot provide reactive compensation for feeder loads and do not significantly reduce system losses. · Series capacitors can only release additional system capacity if it is limited by excessive line voltage drop.
What is the series compensation?
Series compensation is the method of improving the system voltage by connecting a capacitor in series with the transmission line. In series compensation, reactive power is inserted in series with the transmission line for improving the impedance of the system. It improves the power transfer capability of the line.
How STATCOM can solve dynamic grid problems?
STATCOM systems allow grid operators to gain accurate control of reactive network power, maximize power transfer capability, reduce losses, and improve steady-state and dynamic stability within the grid. Cost-effective AC solutions are available to improve grid quality, stability and reliability.
What are the types of FACTS device?
Types of FACTS Devices
- Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC)
- Thyristor Controlled Series Reactor (TCSR)
- Thyristor Switched Series Capacitor (TSSC)
- Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC)
How many types of fact devices are there?
According to the connection mode in power system, the FACTS devices can be divided into three types: a) shunt devices like static var compensator (SVC) and static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), which are mainly used for voltage control and reactive power flow control; b) series devices like thyristor controlled …
What is the advantage of FACTS controller?
o More Effective Use of Transmission Corridors and Increased Loading o Added Power Flow Control o Improved Power System Stability o Increased System Security o Increased System Reliability o Addition of Flexibility in Generation of New Siting o Deferral or Elimination of the Need for NewTransmission Lines.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.