What element is NH4NO3?

Ammonium nitrate Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula NH4NO3, which contains two nitrogen (N) atoms, four hydrogen (H) atoms, and three oxygen (O) atoms.

What is NH4NO3 used for?

Uses. Ammonium nitrate is used commonly in fertilizers; in pyrotechniques, herbicides, and insecticides; and in the manufacture of nitrous oxide. It is used as an absorbent for nitrogen oxides, an ingredient of freezing mixtures, an oxidizer in rocket propellants, and a nutrient for yeast and antibiotics.

Is NH4NO3 a salt?

Ammonium nitrate is an ionic salt made up of the ammonium cation (NH4)+ and the nitrate anion (NO3). The chemical formula of this compound is NH4NO3.

How do you get NH4NO3?

OPTIONS FOR OBTAINING AMMONIUM NITRATE The easiest way to make ammonium nitrate is simply by reacting nitric acid with ammonia, but if you don’t have access to nitric acid (or don’t want to work with such a dangerous chemical), you can make ammonium nitrate from readily available home chemicals.

Is benzene an element?

Benzene is an organic chemical compound with the molecular formula C6H6. The benzene molecule is composed of six carbon atoms joined in a planar ring with one hydrogen atom attached to each. Because it contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms, benzene is classed as a hydrocarbon.

What is in ammonium nitrate?

Ammonium nitrate, (NH4NO3), a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers.

Why nh4no3 is used in salt bridge?

Answer: KCl and KNO3 are used to maintain the neutrality of the cells. The salt bridge provides cations and anions to replace the ions lost or produced in the two half cells. Therefore, it do not disturb the neutrality of the cell but infact helps to maintain it. …

Is ammonium nitrate illegal?

Some countries have banned ammonium nitrate as a fertilizer because it has been used by militant bomb-makers and since Tuesday’s blast, some governments have been urged to relocate stockpiles. … explosives adviser, said few countries make ammonium nitrate but many use it, often importing it by sea.

Can you still buy ammonium nitrate fertilizer?

But in the US, you can buy ammonium nitrate on Amazon, at gardening stores, or from agricultural suppliers. The US Department of Homeland Security is required to regulate the sale and transfer of ammonium nitrate by an ammonium nitrate facility to prevent people from using it for terrorism.

Is H2C2O4 a salt acid or base?

CaC2O4 (s) is the salt of a weak acid, H2C2O4, whereas CaSO4(s) is the salt of the strong acid H2SO4.

Is na2co3 basic salt?

Na2CO3 is a basic salt having a pH value close to 11, made from the neutralization of a strong base(NaOH) with a weak acid (H2CO3).

Is KNO2 an acid or base?

So the solution is basic and KNO2 is a basic salt. Although Br – comes from a strong acid (HBr), the NH 4 + ion comes from a weak base (NH 3), so the solution becomes acidic, and NH 4 Br is an acid salt.

How is ammonium nitrate made?

The production of ammonium nitrate is relatively simple: Ammonia gas is reacted with nitric acid to form a concentrated solution and considerable heat. … Manufacturers produce granular ammonium nitrate by repeatedly spraying the concentrated solution onto small granules in a rotating drum.

How do you make ammonium nitrite?


  1. Dissolve the sodium bisulfate in the mininum amount of water (about 300 ml).
  2. Dissolve your nitrate salt in the minimum amount of water (amount depends on the salt).
  3. Mix the two solutions.
  4. Next you want to neutralize the solution, which is quite acidic.

How do you make ammonia at home?

Add a catalyst such as ferric oxide and exactly enough air to the hydrogen gas to provide one nitrogen atom for every three hydrogen atoms. Subject this gas mixture to very high pressure to produce ammonia according to the following reaction: 3 H2 + N2 > 2 NH3.

Is benzene a mixture compound or element?


Material Pure Substance or Mixture Element, Compound, Homogeneous, Heterogeneous
benzene (C6H6) Pure Substance Compound
muddy water Mixture Heterogeneous
brass (Cu mixed with Zn) Mixture Homogeneous
baking soda (NaHCO3) Pure Substance Compound

What is benzene?

Benzene is a widely used industrial chemical. Benzene is found in crude oil and is a major part of gasoline. It’s used to make plastics, resins, synthetic fibers, rubber lubricants, dyes, detergents, drugs and pesticides. Benzene is produced naturally by volcanoes and forest fires.

Is benzene a compound or a mixture?

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6 and its molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms joined in a ring with 1 hydrogen atom attached to each carbon atom.

How much nitrogen is in ammonium nitrate?

Ammonium nitrate: Dry granular with 33 to 34 percent nitrogen. Fifty percent in ammonium form, 50 percent in nitrate form, so nitrate is immediately available to plants and ammonium provides delayed nitrogen supply.

What is the chemical makeup of ammonia?

NH3 Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.

What acid makes nitrate?

Nitric acid Nitric acid is used in the production of ammonium nitrate and calcium ammonium nitrate which find applications as fertilizers.

Is NH4NO3 used as an electrolyte in salt bridge?

if excess negative charge due to additional ions are produced, then the sufficient number of K. This neutralizes the excess charge produced and thus makes it electrically neutral. Salts like KCl,KNO 3, NH4NO3, etc. are used.

Why KCl is used in salt bridge instead of NaCl?

The salt bridge is used to maintain electrical neutrality in the system. The ions need to flow back and forth between the two half-cells. KCl or better yet, KNO3, are just simple, inert salts. KCl would NOT be a good choice if you had silver or lead electrodes, because it would lead to some precipitate formation.

Why electrolytes like KCl KNO3 or NH4NO3 are preferred in salt bridge?

Inert electrolytes are used in a salt bridge because they do not chemically react with the solution in either of the compartment and they do not interfere with the net cell reaction also.

Why is ammonium nitrate banned?

Ammonium nitrate was found to be the main explosive in the bombs used to trigger the explosions in Mumbai. The Indian government has finally banned the open sale of ammonium nitrate , the easily available explosive used by terrorists to carry out several blasts in the country, including the recent Mumbai explosions.

Is ammonium nitrate a controlled substance?

Ammonium nitrate is not a controlled substance, though it is not prepared for consumer use, explained Mathers.

Are nitrates illegal?

The law: Nitrates, most commonly known as ‘amyl nitrate’ or ‘poppers’, are controlled under the Medicines Act and sale or supply will therefore be illegal unless permitted under the terms of that Act. This family of drugs includes: amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite and isobutyl nitrite. … >Nitrites can be fatal if swallowed.

Does Miracle Gro contain ammonium nitrate?

The nitrogen in Miracle-Gro liquid fertilizers is provided by ammoniacal nitrogen, urea nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen. Because these nitrogen sources are water soluble, the nitrogen is immediately available to the plants’ roots.

How much does ammonium nitrate cost?

Type of Formulation Percent Nitrogen Cost/Pound
Ammonium nitrate 34-0-0 $.54/lb
Anhydrous ammonia 82-0-0 $.32/lb
Ammonium sulfate 21-0-0 $.63/lb
Urea 46-0-0 $.39/lb

How do you get ammonium nitrate from fertilizer?

Ammonium nitrate is very soluble in water and can be separated from calcium carbonate, which is not soluble, by dissolving the fertilizer in hot water and decanting the concentrated ammonium nitrate solution. Excess water is evaporated, and the ammonium nitrate is dried and crushed.