Nucleic acids contain the same elements as proteins: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; plus phosphorous (C, H, O, N, and P). Nucleic acids are very large macromolecules composed of repetitive units of the same building blocks, nucleotides, similar to a pearl necklace made of many pearls.
How are nucleic acids formed?
Nucleotides can link together by the formation of phosphate ester bonds. The hydroxyl group of a phosphate on one nucleotide undergoes a condensation reaction with the hydroxyl group on the carbohydrate ring of another nucleotide. The process may continue, building up nucleic acid molecules.
What types of elements make up nucleotides?
Nucleotides have three components: the nitrogen-containing base, the deoxyribose sugar and the phosphate group.
Where are nucleic acids produced?
Synthesis of nucleic acids. Nucleotides can be separated into purines and pyrimidines. In the more complex multicellular animals they are both primarily produced in the liver. They both contain a sugar and a phosphate, but have nitrogenous bases that are different sizes.
How are nucleic acids formed quizlet?
The nucleic acid forms when two polynucleotide chains join together, by hydrogen bonds between the nitrogenous bases, to form a double-stranded molecule. When the nucleic acid contains the sugar deoxyribose and the base thymine, the molecule is known as DNA.
Where are nucleic acids made in the cell?
nucleus They are called nucleic acids because scientists first found them in the nucleus of cells. Now that we have better equipment, nucleic acids have been found in mitochondria, chloroplasts, and cells that have no nucleus, such as bacteria and viruses.
Do nucleic acids contain phosphorus?
Nucleic acids include RNA (ribonucleic acid) as well as DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Both types of nucleic acids contain the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus. … Phosphorus is the only element that is identified with nucleic acids.
What are the polymers of nucleic acids?
In case of nucleic acids, monomers are the nucleotides composed of nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and phosphate group whereas DNA and RNA are considered as polymer of nucleic acids.
Where are DNA nucleotides made?
Nucleotides are obtained in the diet and are also synthesized from common nutrients by the liver. Nucleotides are composed of three subunit molecules: a nucleobase, a five-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), and a phosphate group consisting of one to three phosphates.
How do nucleotides bond to form nucleic acids quizlet?
A covalent bond formed between the phosphate group (at 5′) of one nucleotide and the hydroxyl group (at 3′) of another. The structure of many nucleotides joined together by phosphodiester bonds, with a base attached to each sugar, forming a strong chain.
Is RNA formed from nucleotides?
RNA and DNA are polymers made of long chains of nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base. … In RNA, the base uracil (U) takes the place of thymine.
What are the three components that makes up the monomer of ribonucleic acids quizlet?
Just like in DNA, RNA is made of monomers called nucleotides. Each nucleotide is made up of three components: a nitrogenous base, a pentose (five-carbon) sugar called ribose, and a phosphate group. Each nitrogenous base in a nucleotide is attached to a sugar molecule, which is attached to one or more phosphate groups.
What makes DNA an acid?
The acidic component of DNA is its phosphate group, and the basic component of DNA is its nitrogenous base. … Each nucleic acid monomer is made up of a sugar (deoxyribose in DNA), a nitrogenous base, and a phosphate group.
Is nucleic acid found in cytoplasm?
However, the total nucleic acid concentration in the cell nucleus was approximately the same as that in the cytoplasm. A strong linear correlation was found between cytoplasmic RNA content and rate of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm of the individual cells at different stages of their interphase development.
What kind of nucleic acid is made during transcription?
RNA molecule During transcription, a portion of the cell’s DNA serves as a template for creation of an RNA molecule. (RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is chemically similar to DNA, except for three main differences described later on in this concept page.)
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.