The autohemolysis test involves incubating sterile blood in plasma for 48 hours with and without additional glucose and measuring the amount of hemoglobin spontaneously released into the plasma.

What does Cardiotomy mean in medical terms?

Medical Definition of cardiotomy 1 : surgical incision of the heart. 2 : surgical incision of the stomach cardia.

What does Crinogenic mean?

secretion (krin’-jen’ik), Causing secretion; stimulating a gland to increased function.

What is pseudo agglutination?

(sood–glt-n shn) The clumping together of red blood cells as in the formation of rouleaux, but differing from true agglutination in that the cells can be dispersed by shaking.

What specimen is used for the Autohemolysis test *?

autohemolysis test determination of spontaneous hemolysis in a blood specimen maintained under certain conditions, to detect the presence of certain hemolytic states.

What is the Autohemolysis test used for?

Indications : This test is used to diagnose hereditary spherocytosis, spontaneous hemolysis, RBC enzyme deficiency and hemolytic anemia.

What is Cardiotomy suction?

Cardiotomy suction is used for preservation of autologous blood during on-pump cardiac surgery at present. Controversially, the exclusion of cardiotomy suction in some types of operations (coronary artery bypass surgery) is not necessarily associated with an increased transfusion requirement.

What is a Dermatoplasty?

Medical Definition of dermatoplasty : plastic surgery of the skin.

What is the meaning of valvuloplasty?

A valvuloplasty, also known as balloon valvuloplasty or balloon valvotomy, is a procedure to repair a heart valve that has a narrowed opening. In a narrowed heart valve, the valve flaps (leaflets) may become thick or stiff and fuse together (stenosis).

What is THYM?

thym(o)- The thymus. Greek thumos, excrescence like a thyme bud, thymus gland. The thymus is a gland in the neck which produces T-lymphocytes for the immune system.

What is acr o In medical terms?

Acr/o. A combining form or prefix with the meaning extremities, top, and height.

What does Pituitar o mean?

pituitar/o. combining form – pituitary gland. thyr/o, thyroid/o. combining form – thyroid gland.

What are the causes of Pseudoagglutination?

Pseudoagglutination in blood grouping and cross-matching, may be regarded as a very simple protein test; if it is absent, no inferences can be drawn, but, when it is present, it may be the first clue to the presence of a dysproteinemia, usually caused by a severe, chronic disease, probably cancer or infection.

What causes Autoagglutination?

In hematology, red cell agglutination or autoagglutination is a phenomenon in which red blood cells clump together, forming aggregates. It is caused by the surface of the red cells being coated with antibodies.

What is Panagglutination in blood bank?

P anagglutinating sera is one of the most challenging dilemmas of the antibody identification process. It occurs when patient sera react with all red blood cells (RBCs) tested, that is, with both screening and identification panel cells used in first approach.

What is EMA binding test?

Background: The eosin-5-maleimide (EMA) binding test is a flow cytometric test widely used to detect hereditary spherocytosis (HS). EMA binds to plasma membrane proteins of red blood cells (RBCs), mainly to band 3 protein. … The results are presented as the percentage of normal control RBCs fluorescence.

Is autoimmune hemolytic anemia serious?

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a group of rare but serious blood disorders. They occur when the body destroys red blood cells more rapidly than it produces them. A condition is considered idiopathic when its cause is unknown. Autoimmune diseases attack the body itself.

What happens in pyruvate kinase deficiency?

Pyruvate kinase enzyme breaks down a chemical compound called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Because this enzyme is deficient, there is a lack of ATP. This leads to dehydration of red blood cells and abnormal red cell shapes. The altered red blood cell has a shortened lifespan leading to hemolytic anemia.

Where are Howell Jolly bodies found?

Howell-Jolly bodies occur where there is no spleen or an non-functioning spleen, referred to as asplenia. They are usually one of these at most in a red cell, round, dark purple to red in color and often located peripherally on the red blood cell.

What is acidified glycerol lysis test?

Acidified glycerol lysis test (AGLT) is a screening procedure which has been developed for spherocytosis. AGLT was found positive in 100% of 48 patients suffering from hereditary spherocytosis, 100% of nine couples of affected parents, and 86% of 14 couples of clinically healthy parents.

Where did hereditary spherocytosis come from?

Hereditary spherocytosis may be caused by changes ( mutations ) in any of several genes . These genes give the body instructions to make proteins that exist on the membranes of red blood cells . These proteins carry molecules in and out of cells , keep cell structure, and attach to other proteins.

What is a Cardiotomy reservoir?

Cardiotomy Reservoirs/Blood Collection from banked blood, the storage and filtration of blood aspirated from the surgical field and for the addition of fluids and pharmacological agents to the perfusion circuit.

What is the purpose of the left ventricular vent?

Venting prevents left ventricu- lar distention, decreases wall tension, eliminates isovolu- mic systolic pressure work, and improves subendocardial coronary flow [2-61. It also helps create a dry field for distal coronary anastomoses.

What is being removed during Cardiectomy?

Cardiectomy is the removal of the cardia of the stomach. Cecectomy is the removal of the cecum. Cephalectomy is the surgical removal of the head (decapitation).

What is Onychomalacia?

n. Abnormal softness of the fingernails or toenails.

What is rhytidectomy?

Rhytidectomy is a surgical procedure meant to counteract the effects of time on the aging face. In the rhytidectomy procedure (also known as a face-lift), the tissues under the skin are tightened and excess facial and neck skin are excised. Rhytidectomy literally means wrinkle (rhytid-) removal (-ectomy).

What does Dermatoautoplasty mean?

The grafting of skin drm-t- t-plst The grafting of skin from one part of the body to another.

What is an annuloplasty ring?

An annuloplasty is a procedure to tighten or reinforce the ring (annulus) around a valve in the heart. It may be done during other procedures to repair a heart valve.

How long does valvuloplasty last?

For the Mitral Valve Balloon mitral valvuloplasty usually lasts for five to seven years and, as with BAV, it is safe to repeat the procedure.

How is valvuloplasty done?

Valvuloplasty may be done to open a stiff (stenotic) heart valve. In valvuloplasty, your doctor inserts a very small, narrow, hollow tube (catheter) into a blood vessel in the groin and advances it through the aorta into the heart.