[ kk ] n. A solid irregularly shaped lobed mass, usually situated in the pelvis toward the midline, that is produced by congenital fusion of the embryonic kidneys.

How common is pancake kidney?

The incidence of renal ectopia is 1 in 400 cases of autopsy and 85% of these occur with a fused kidney. The most common type of renal ectopia is horseshoe kidney, with an incidence of 1 in every 700 autopsies. Pancake kidney is a very rare type of fused renal ectopia and its exact incidence is unknown.

What causes horseshoe kidney?

Horseshoe kidney when the 2 kidneys join (fuse) together at the bottom to form a U shape like a horseshoe. It is also known as renal fusion. The condition occurs when a baby is growing in the womb, as the baby’s kidneys move into place. Horseshoe kidney can occur alone or with other disorders.

What is a ectopic kidney?

An ectopic kidney is a kidney that is out of place. An ectopic kidney is caused by a birth defect.

What is Thoracic kidney?

Thoracic kidney is a rare type of renal ectopia. Patients with thoracic kidneys are usually asymptomatic and the condition is usually discovered incidentally during radiological evaluation for other conditions or during thoracic surgery.

What causes ectopic ureter?

An ectopic ureter occurs when a person is born with a ureter in the wrong position (the tube drains pee to the wrong place). An ectopic ureter can cause urinary incontinence, infections and swelling.

What is a lobulated kidney?

Abstract. Persistent fetal lobulation of the kidneys is an uncommon condition that causes the surface of the kidney to appear as several lobules instead of smooth, flat and continuous.

What is aberrant renal?

Aberrant renal arteries are common in fused kidneys. Aberrant arteries perforate the substance of the kidney rather than entering its hilum to supply it. … They arise as separate branches from the aorta or as branches of the renal artery, inferior suprarenal, inferior phrenic or superior mesenteric artery.

How big are the kidneys?

Normally, kidneys are about the size of a fist or 10 to 12 cm (about 5 inches). Kidney atrophy means that the kidney is smaller than normal.

Can you live a normal life with horseshoe kidney?

A horseshoe kidney typically does not affect life expectancy. One-third of individuals with horseshoe kidney will have another anomaly or other complication involving the cardiovascular, nervous, or genitourinary system.

Is horseshoe kidney a disability?

Horseshoe kidney, also known as ren arcuatus (in Latin), renal fusion or super kidney, is a congenital disorder affecting about 1 in 500 people that is more common in men, often asymptomatic, and usually diagnosed incidentally. …

Horseshoe kidney
Other names Renal fusion
Specialty Nephrology

Are horseshoe kidneys painful?

A horseshoe kidney is most often set lower and much closer to the front of the body than a normal kidney. It’s also more likely to be hurt when there’s trauma to the abdomen than is a normal kidney.

Can you have 3 kidneys?

Having three kidneys is extremely rare, LiveScience says, with fewer than 100 cases reported in literature, according to a report in the Internet Journal of Radiology. The 2013 report says most people don’t realize they have a third kidney until it’s discovered through an unrelated medical test, like this patient’s.

What are the symptoms of ectopic kidney?

What are the symptoms of an ectopic kidney?

What problems can a pelvic kidney cause?

However, one-third of all children born with a pelvic kidney have other complications either with their cardiovascular system, the central nervous system or their urinary system. Symptoms directly associated with the horseshoe kidney can include urinary tract infection, kidney stones or hydronephrosis.

What is a left pelvic kidney?

A pelvic kidney, also known as an ectopic kidney, is a normal kidney located in the pelvis, instead of the abdomen. This occurs when a kidney does not ascend from its original location in the pelvis to its final location during prenatal development.

Is the kidney a thorax?

Renal ectopia describes a kidney that is not located in its usual position thoracic renal ectopia is kidney located in thoracic cavity.

Where is the thoracic cavity?

The thoracic cavity is found deep to the thoracic wall, superior to the diaphragm, and inferior to the root of the neck (thoracic aperture).

Can ectopic ureter be cured?

The treatment for ectopic ureter is surgery. To prevent infection, the patient may be put on a low dose of antibiotics before surgery. The 3 types of surgery to fix this problem are: Nephrectomy.

Is an ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of the uterus. An ectopic pregnancy most often occurs in a fallopian tube, which carries eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. This type of ectopic pregnancy is called a tubal pregnancy.

How are ectopic ureters diagnosed?

Ultrasound rarely leads to a definitive diagnosis of ectopic ureters, but may suggest the need for further investigation. In females, the most accurate test for ectopic ureters is cystoscopy. In this test, a dog is sedated or anesthetized and a small camera on a probe is inserted into the dog’s urethra or bladder.

What is a dromedary hump in kidney?

Dromedary hump is a prominent focal bulge on the lateral border of the left kidney caused by splenic impression, which can mimic renal neoplasm. It is a benign anatomic variant and exhibits the same imaging characteristics as adjacent renal cortex with normal blood flow pattern on Doppler sonography.

Is Lobulated kidney bad?

Persistent fetal lobulation of kidney is a rare anatomic variant and can pose pitfalls in diagnostic imaging. It can mimic a renal neoplasm and sometimes even diagnosed on subsequent surgery and histology as a wrong radiological diagnosis.

Is Lobulated kidney normal?

Persistent fetal lobulation is a normal variant seen occasionally in adult kidneys. It occurs when there is incomplete fusion of the developing renal lobules. Embryologically, the kidneys originate as distinct lobules that fuse as they develop and grow.

Why is it called nutcracker syndrome?

In most cases, compression of the left renal vein is between the abdominal aorta the main artery in the abdomen and the superior mesenteric artery, which brings blood to the pancreas and intestines. Nutcracker syndrome gets its name because this compression is like a nutcracker crushing a nut.

What is ureteric kink?

Kinking arises as a consequence of the ureter adjusting length when the kidney descends. Kinking is seen at the area where the ureter is relatively mobile, that is, where it runs in the perirenal space. The boundary of the perirenal portion of the ureter can be determined approximately by finding the level of the CP.

What are polar arteries?

Inferior renal polar arteries are usually single and arise from the aorta (95.5% of cases), or the renal artery (1.4% of cases). They have also been reported arising from a suprarenal, common iliac, or superior mesenteric artery. … An inferior renal polar artery may give rise to a gonadal artery.

Can a kidney disappear?

A previously visualised kidney may progressively disappear on the sonographic images due to the infiltration of the perirenal environment by gas envelope in patients with advanced emphysematous pyelonephritis. This is vanishing kidney, also called the sign of the Deaf Kidney.

Which kidney is more important?

The kidneys are a pair of organs found along the posterior muscular wall of the abdominal cavity. The left kidney is located slightly more superior than the right kidney due to the larger size of the liver on the right side of the body.

Can kidneys repair themselves?

It was thought that kidney cells didn’t reproduce much once the organ was fully formed, but new research shows that the kidneys are regenerating and repairing themselves throughout life.