What is a conductus in music?

conductus, plural Conductus, in medieval music, a metrical Latin song of ceremonial character for one, two, or three voices. The word first appeared in mid-12th-century manuscripts with reference to processional pieces.

Where did conductus originate?

The conductus was one of the principal types of vocal composition of the ars antiqua period of medieval music history. The form most likely originated in the south of France around 1150, and reached its peak development during the activity of the Notre Dame School in the early 13th century.

Who wrote conductus?

Although he wrote conductus for one voice, as in the Beata viscera,Protin also produced examples for two voices and for three voices, the latter in the very beautiful Salvatoris hodieintended for the feast of the Circumcision. Like the motet, the conductusfailed to find a place in the liturgy.

What is a motet in music?

motet, (French mot: word), style of vocal composition that has undergone numerous transformations through many centuries. Typically, it is a Latin religious choral composition, yet it can be a secular composition or a work for soloist(s) and instrumental accompaniment, in any language, with or without a choir.

What is polyphonic conductus?

The polyphonic conductus is a two- to four-voice setting of a rhymed metrical Latin poem on a sacred or serious topic. The tenor is newly written, not based on chant. The voices move in similar rhythms and sing the text together, in what is known as conductus style.

What does Cantus Firmus mean in music?

A cantus firmus is a preexistent melody that forms the basis of a larger musical work. Source melodies in the cantus firmus tradition have generally been selected from the vast corpus of plainchant, but secular tunes also provide a supply of monophony for use.

What is Discant style?

In origin, it is a style of organum that either includes a plainchant tenor part (usually on a melisma in the chant) or is used without a plainchant basis in conductus, in either case with a note against note upper voice, moving in contrary motion. It is not a musical form, but rather a technique.

What are the characteristics of Gregorian chant?

What are the six basic characteristics of Gregorian chant?

  • Harmony. Monophonic in texture, so have no harmony.
  • Rhythm. No precise rhythm, notes may be held for a duration of short or long, but no complex rhythms are used.
  • Form. Some Gregorian chants tend to be in ternary form.
  • Texture. …
  • Medium.
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What is Contrafactum music?

In vocal music, contrafactum (or contrafact, pl. contrafacta) is the substitution of one text for another without substantial change to the music.

What is a monophonic conductus?

The conductus can include either one voice or multiple voices, known as monophonic and polyphonic compositions. The surviving repertories indicates the monophonic conducti are about double sizes of the polyphony type.

What is a medieval motet?

In Western classical music, a motet is mainly a vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the high medieval music to the present. The motet was one of the pre-eminent polyphonic forms of Renaissance music.

What is non liturgical Latin poems set to simple melodies?

Motet. Non-liturgical compositions that often featured two singers singing in two different languages. Conductus. Non-liturgical Latin poems set to simple melodies. Rote.

How can you identify a motet?

Characteristics of the Renaissance Motet Compared to the medieval motet, the Renaissance motet is smoother and uses imitative polyphony, with successive voice parts that echo each other, kind of like a round. We can see and hear this in the text and successive adding of vocal parts.

What is a melismatic melody?

Melisma (Greek: , melisma, song, air, melody; from , melos, song, melody, plural: melismata) is the singing of a single syllable of text while moving between several different notes in succession. … An informal term for melisma is a vocal run.

What is the difference between motet and mass?

Motet A motet is a polyphonic work with four or five voice parts singing one religious text. … Mass A musical mass is like a motet, only longer. It also follows the religious service of the Catholic Church and is sung in a very specific order: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, and Agnus Dei.

What are the 3 types of organum?

Terms in this set (6)

  • parallel organum. no real second voice exists/parallel motion/two voices usually at a perfect 5th or 4th.
  • converging organum. oblique motion/both start on the same note, separate, and then come back together at the end.
  • free organum. contrary motion.
  • melismatic organum. …
  • organum purum. …
  • discant.
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What is Duplum in organum?

Organum duplum is two-part organum that sets the solo sections of responsorial chants from either the Offices or the Mass. An elaborate and charismatic upper voice weaves intricate patterns above the appropriate plainchant, which is sung in extended note values by the lower voice, or ‘tenor’.

Why is Isorhythm important?

Discarding modal-rhythmic limitations, isorhythm became a significant organizing principle of much of 14th-century French polyphony by extending the talea of an initial section to the entire composition in conjunction with variation of a corresponding color.

What is the meaning of cantus?

1 : cantus firmus. 2 : the principal melody or voice.

What music period is cantus firmus?

Cantus firmus, Latin for fixed song, was first developed in the Medieval Period. Originally, it was a chant foundation above which another melody was composed. Gradually more melodies were added, the cantus firmus was ornamented with additional notes, and by the Renaissance, a very complex polyphony had evolved.

What is it called when all voices move together rhythmically?

A texture in which all voices move together in the same rhythm is called: homorhythmic. You just studied 11 terms!

When can I sing descant?

Hymn tune descants are counter-melodies, generally at a higher pitch than the main melody. Typically they are sung in the final or penultimate verse of a hymn. Audio playback is not supported in your browser. You can download the audio file.

What is a descant in a song?

descant, also spelled discant, (from Latin discantus, song apart), countermelody either composed or improvised above a familiar melody. … In late medieval music, discantus referred to a particular style of organum featuring one or more countermelodies added to a newly rhythmicized plainsong melody.

What does leggiero mean in music?

lightly : lightly, gracefully used as a direction in music.

What is the purpose of Gregorian chants?

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainsong or plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song of the Roman Catholic Church. The Gregorian chant had as its purpose the praise and service of God.

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What type of music does a Gregorian chant?

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions.

What were Gregorian chants used for?

Gregorian chant, monophonic, or unison, liturgical music of the Roman Catholic Church, used to accompany the text of the mass and the canonical hours, or divine office. Gregorian chant is named after St. Gregory I, during whose papacy (590604) it was collected and codified.

Is it legal to make parodies of songs?

Under U.S. Copyright Law, a parody can be considered a derivative work protected from copyright infringement claims by the fair use doctrine. … Parodies of works protected by copyright in the U.K. require the consent or permission of the copyright owner unless they fall under three different exceptions.

Who invented parodies?

Origins. According to Aristotle (Poetics, ii. 5), Hegemon of Thasos was the inventor of a kind of parody; by slightly altering the wording in well-known poems he transformed the sublime into the ridiculous.

What does Chamber mean in music?

Chamber music is a form of classical music that is composed for a small group of instrumentstraditionally a group that could fit in a palace chamber or a large room. … Most great composers have written such instrumental sonatas and quartets.

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