adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun] In a castle, a crenellated wall has gaps in the top or openings through which to fire at attackers.
What does the term crenellations mean?
/kren. le.nz/ a wall around the top of a castle, with regular spaces in it through which the people inside the castle can shoot: The towers were topped by medieval crenellations.
What does crenellated mean in science?
(of a moulding, etc) having square indentations.
What does castellated mean in English?
1 : having battlements like a castle. 2 : having or supporting a castle.
Why do churches have battlements?
A fortified church is a church that is built to serve a defensive role in times of war. Such churches were specially designed to incorporate military features, such as thick walls, battlements, and embrasures.
What are the tops of castles called?
In architecture, a battlement is a structure on top of castle or fortress walls that protects from attack. Historically, battlements were usually narrow walls at the top of the outermost walls of a castle. Battlements have several important parts. The short, topmost part of the wall was called the parapet.
What is a crenelated parapet?
Crenellation is a feature of defensive architecture, most typically found on the battlements of medieval castles. A battlement is a low, defensive parapet. … In medieval England, a licence to crenellate had to be granted by the King or other regional authority before a property could be fortified.
What is the meaning of merlon?
battlement A merlon is a solid, vertical part of the wall of a fort or a battlement. … The Italian root is merlone, from merlo, battlement, possibly from the Latin mergae, two-pronged pitchfork.
What is the difference between Castellations and crenellations?
As adjectives the difference between castellated and crenellated. is that castellated is having turrets or battlements, like a castle while crenellated is having crenellations or battlements.
Why do castles have crenellations?
Crenellations are one of the most recognizable elements of a medieval castle. These upright projections resemble teeth, bared at invaders to prevent their attempted entries and at allies to show the owner’s strength. Each upright section is called a merlon or crenel, and they protected defenders from attacks.
What are crenellated ramparts?
crenellation – a rampart built around the top of a castle with regular gaps for firing arrows or guns. battlement, crenelation. crenel, crenelle – a notch or open space between two merlons in a crenelated battlement. fortress, fort – a fortified defensive structure.
What is the meaning of piecemealing?
1 : one piece at a time : gradually. 2 : in pieces or fragments : apart. piecemeal.
What does August taste mean?
conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual. This was an extensive and magnificent structure, the creation of the prince’s own eccentric yet august taste. ingress. the act of entering.
What is a castellated wall?
adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun] A castellated wall or building looks like a castle.
What does battlements mean in English?
: a parapet with open spaces that surmounts a wall and is used for defense or decoration.
What is the difference between a parapet and battlement?
is that parapet is a low retaining wall while battlement is in fortification: an indented parapet, formed by a series of rising members called cops or merlons, separated by openings called crenelles or embrasures, the soldier sheltering himself behind the merlon while he fires through the embrasure or through a …
What are cloisters used for?
A cloister is an enclosed garden, usually surrounded by covered walkways. Because such spaces are often featured in buildings that house religious orders, cloister can be used to mean monastery or convent.
What is the strongest part of a castle?
Discover the might of the castle gatehouse, the strongest and most defensive part of any castle.
What is a window in a castle called?
An embrasure is the opening in a battlement between the two raised solid portions, referred to as crenel or crenelle in a space hollowed out throughout the thickness of a wall by the establishment of a bay. … There are embrasures especially in fortified castles and bunkers.
What is the inside of a castle called?
Dongjon or keep – The inner stronghold of a castle, usually found in one of the towers. Drawbridge – A heavy timber platform built to span a moat between a gate house and surrounding land that could be raised when required to block an entrance.
What are castle parapets?
A parapet originally meant a defensive mini-wall made of earth or stone that was built to protect soldiers on the roof of a fort or a castle. Now it indicates any low wall along the roof of a building, the edge of a balcony, the side of a bridge, or similar structure.
How many type of parapets are there?
How many types of parapets are there? Explanation: The 4 types are plain, perforated, panelled and embattled.
What does a battlement look like?
A battlement in defensive architecture, such as that of city walls or castles, comprises a parapet (i.e., a defensive low wall between chest-height and head-height), in which gaps or indentations, which are often rectangular, occur at intervals to allow for the launch of arrows or other projectiles from within the …
What are medieval Merlons?
A merlon is the solid upright section of a battlement (a crenellated parapet) in medieval architecture or fortifications. Merlons are sometimes pierced by narrow, vertical embrasures or slits designed for observation and fire. … Crenels designed in later eras for use by cannons were also called embrasures.
What is a rampart in the Bible?
1 : a protective barrier : bulwark.
What are Merlons and crenels and what were they used for?
alternating low portions known as crenels, or crenelles (hence crenellated walls with battlements), and high portions called merlons. Battlements were devised in order that warriors might be protected by the merlons and yet be able to discharge arrows or other missiles through the crenels.
What are the holes in castle walls called?
Arrow slits or loop-holes (archeres) An arrowslit is a thin vertical aperture in a fortification through which an archer can launch arrows. It is alternatively referred to as an arrow loop, loop hole, or archere, and sometimes a balistraria.
What is the outer wall of a castle called?
Curtain wall castles In medieval castles, the area surrounded by a curtain wall, with or without towers, is known as the bailey. The outermost walls with their integrated bastions and wall towers together make up the enceinte or main defensive line enclosing the site.
What is a castle’s stone tower called?
Gatehouse: A building protecting the entrance to a castle. Great Hall: The main room in the building where the castle owner and his family lived. Keep: Main stone tower of a castle. This large tower was also known as a donjon.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.