A fugue which has two separate subjects and are both treated in the strict fugal form. A proper double fugue should consist of two different themes, introduced separately, which eventually are combined so the second theme forms a countersubject.

What does fugue mean in music?

fugue, in music, a compositional procedure characterized by the systematic imitation of a principal theme (called the subject) in simultaneously sounding melodic lines (counterpoint). The term fugue may also be used to describe a work or part of a work.

What is a triple fugue?

: a musical fugue (see fugue entry 1 sense 1b) in which three subjects (see subject entry 1 sense 3f) are treated both separately and simultaneously.

Can a fugue have 2 voices?

In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and recurs frequently in the course of the composition.

In what period is fugue?

Baroque period The fugue became an important form or texture in the Baroque period, reaching its height in the work of J.S. Bach in the first half of the 18th century.

What period is concerto grosso belong?

Baroque era concerto grosso, plural concerti grossi, common type of orchestral music of the Baroque era (c.1600c.1750), characterized by contrast between a small group of soloists (soli, concertino, principale) and the full orchestra (tutti, concerto grosso, ripieno).

Is a fugue a canon?

Canon is an important form and procedure based on counterpoint and, as such, is related to fugue. From the perspective of fugue itself, canon is important as a basic procedure of imitative counterpoint often used as part of a fugue. While canon is not fugue, many fugues contain portions of canonic imitation.

Did Bach invent the fugue?

In this sense, a fugue is a style of composition, rather than a fixed structure. … The famous fugue composer Johann Sebastian Bach (16851750) shaped his own works after those of Johann Jakob Froberger (16161667), Johann Pachelbel (16531706), Girolamo Frescobaldi (15831643), Dieterich Buxtehude (c.

How many voices can a fugue have?

The number of parts (voices) in the fugue is likewise flexible. Most fugues are in three or four voices ( 3 or 4), but not all of these are used at any given moment; it is common for an episode to proceed in as few as two voices.

What did Bach Pair with a fugue?

Bach composed his fugues for the organ; for the harpsichord or clavichord in the two books of The Well-Tempered Clavier and in the toccatas, suites, and partitas; for unaccompanied chorus, in the motets; for chorus with organ or orchestra, in the cantatas, passions, and masses; even for solo violin, in the partitas and …

What is a 6 part fugue?

The Ricercar a 6, a six-voice fugue which is regarded as the high point of the entire work, was put forward by the musicologist Charles Rosen as the most significant piano composition in history (partly because it is one of the first).

What is a Baroque fugue?

A fugue is a piece of music that uses interwoven melodies based on a single musical idea. Fugues were most popular during the Baroque Period, ca. 1600-1750. They were based on an earlier idea from the Renaissance Period called imitative polyphony, where multiple singers would sing the same melody at different times.

What is a Countersubject in a fugue?

In a fugue, a countersubject is the continuation of counterpoint in the voice that began with the subject, occurring against the answer. It is not usually regarded as an essential feature of fugue, however.

What type of mental disorder is a fugue state?

Dissociative fugue, formerly called psychogenic fugue, is one of a group of conditions called dissociative disorders.

What fugue has the most voices?

That 7-voiced Credo fugue in the BMM (BWV 232) is the biggest complete, strict Bach fugue I can think of at the moment (7 strictly fugal parts, equally melodic and sharing musical material all the way through…plus a free bass).

Who wrote fugue?

Johann Sebastian Bach The famous fugue composer Johann Sebastian Bach (16851750) shaped his own works after those of Johann Jakob Froberger (16161667), Johann Pachelbel (16531706), Girolamo Frescobaldi (15831643), Dieterich Buxtehude (c. 16371707) and others.

What type of music is fugue?

A fugue is a multi-voice musical form that hinges on counterpoint between voices. Composers can write fugues for a single instrument (most notably a piano or other keyboard instrument), or they can write them for several individual players.

Who wrote the first fugue?

Johann Sebastian Bach The fugue became a very popular form of music in the Baroque period. It was often played after a prelude. The most famous composer of fugues was Johann Sebastian Bach. He wrote two books, each with 24 Preludes and Fugues, called The Well-Tempered Clavier (in German: Das Wohltemperierte Klavier).

What is a ritornello apex?

ritornello. In Baroque concerti, a recurring theme played by the entire orchestra. relative minor. a minor key that shares the same key signature (the number of sharps or flats) as its relative major key.

What is concertino and tutti?

A concertino, literally little ensemble, is the group of soloists in a concerto grosso. This is opposed to the ripieno and tutti which is the larger group contrasting with the concertino. Though the concertino is the smaller of the two groups, its material is generally more virtuosic than that of the ripieno.

How did the Baroque era start?

The Baroque started as a response of the Catholic Church to the many criticisms that arose during the Protestant Reformation in the 16th-century. … This was the beginning of the time known as the Reformation and Protestant Christianity. Most of the 16th-century was marked by religious conflicts.

What is the main difference between a canon and a fugue?

As nouns the difference between fugue and canon is that fugue is (music) a contrapuntal piece of music wherein a particular melody is played in a number of voices, each voice introduced in turn by playing the melody while canon is a generally accepted principle; a rule.

Is a fugue a round?

A fugue may sometimes be confused as a round, however, these two are very different. In a fugue, a voice presents the main subject and then may proceed to different material, while in a round there is an exact imitation of the subject.

How does imitation differ canon?

A canonic process occurs if the anwering voice or voices repeat the lead voice exactly. A composition based upon this process is a canon. Imitation is continuous throughout a canon. … Imitation Intervals and Time Intervals One voice may imitate another at the same or different pitch level.

Why is it called a fugue?

The English term fugue originated in the 16th century and is derived from the French word fugue or the Italian fuga. This in turn comes from Latin, also fuga, which is itself related to both fugere (to flee) and fugare (to chase). The adjectival form is fugal.

What is the smallest unit of music?

Music Test One

Question Answer
What is the smallest unit of music? A note
Define phrases. Brief musical statements used to mimic speech
In music, what is like a period in a sentence? Cadence
Define cadence. A point of arrival, where the melody comes to rest

What is Bach’s masterpiece?

Bach’s Masterpiece? Certainly, the Mass in B minor. Magnificent, Supreme!

How many fugues did Bach compose?

JS Bach’s set of 48 Preludes and Fugues, spanning all 24 major and minor keys twice each, is one of the cornerstones of Western art music.

What is episode in fugue?

An episode is a connecting passage of music in a fugue and is usually made up of a development of the music that has already been heard in the Exposition. … After the Episode in a fugue there is usually another entry (or entries) of the Subject.

Is fugue vocal or instrumental?

A fugue is the most complex polyphonic musical form, involving imitation among the parts (called voices whether they are vocal or instrumental).