What is a Nasoseptal flap?

What is a Nasoseptal flap?

The nasoseptal flap had an important role in the development of endoscopic endonasal surgery of the cranial base. … The nasoseptal flap is a versatile flap with a wide arc of rotation that allows the flap to reach defects from the frontal sinus to the lower clivus.

What is the Mucoperichondrial flap?

a flap composed of mucous membrane and perichondrium, as from the nasal septum.

What is it called when one nostril is bigger than the other?

Many people have an uneven septum, which makes one nostril larger than the other. Severe unevenness is known as a deviated septum. It can cause health complications such as a blocked nostril or difficulty breathing.

Is septal hematoma an emergency?

A septal hematoma requires urgent treatment from your doctor in order to stop any further complications arising.

What is a Hemitransfixion incision?

A hemi-transfixion incision is an incision on one side of the septum used to perform a septoplasty or to obtain cartilage for cartilage grafting. Unlike a full incision transfixion, a hemi-transfixion doesn’t go through the full membranous septum.

What is a Killian incision?

An incision used for septoplasty and septal cartilage harvest. It is placed just beyond where the septum starts and is less destabilizing than a hemitransfixion or full transfixion incision.

How do you open up both nostrils?

Lift your right hand up toward your nose. Exhale completely and then use your right thumb to close your right nostril. Inhale through your left nostril and then close the left nostril with your fingers. Open the right nostril and exhale through this side.

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How do you fix uneven nostrils?

Septoplasty helps to straighten your nose by reshaping the wall between your nasal passages. If you have a crooked nose due to a deviated septum, your doctor will likely recommend septoplasty. In addition to straightening your nose, septoplasty can also relieve nasal airway blockage caused by a deviated septum.

What causes nasal turbinate hypertrophy?

Turbinate hypertrophy is typically caused when the lining of the skin covering the turbinate bone becomes enlarged and swollen. This can be an acute (one time) or chronic (ongoing) problem, and can be caused by many conditions including: Upper respiratory infection, or the common cold. Acute sinus infection.

What happens if a hematoma is left untreated?

A hematoma is similar to a bruise or blood clot but, if left untreated, it can damage the tissue and lead to infection. An injury to the nose can rupture blood vessels in and around the septum where there is both bone and cartilage.

How do you fix a septal hematoma?

Treatment of septal hematoma is performed via small incisions through the mucoperichondrium to evacuate the blood. After the drainage the nose is packed or quilting stitches are put in. Silicone stents can also be used to prevent re-accumulation of the hematoma.

How long can septal hematoma last?

Treating a septal hematoma requires it to be incised and drained to prevent avascular necrosis of the septal hyaline cartilage. This will depend on diffusion of nutrients from its attached nasal mucosa. The septum can generally heal within 1 week, without any evidence of the incision.

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What is Cottle’s line?

Cottle’s line A vertical line between the nasal process of frontal bone and nasal spine of maxillary crest. it divides septum into anterior and posterior segments.

What is Pollybeak deformity?

Pollybeak deformity represents one of the most common postoperative complications of rhinoplasty requiring a revision rhinoplasty. The pollybeak deformity is characterized by fullness in the supratip area resembling a parrot’s beak, which pushes the tip downward, causing underrotation.

What is the difference between SMR and septoplasty?

Indications for Septoplasty and/or SMR: A septoplasty is a surgical procedure to correct a deviated septum whereas a submucous resection (SMR) of the turbinates is a surgical procedure to remove excess tissue from enlarged turbinates (filters of the nose).

What is freers incision?

Through the transfixion incision, using a Freer elevator in a sweeping motion, the mucoperichondrium is dissected off the entire septal cartilage and septal bone. This is typically performed on one side only in order to preserve blood supply to the septum.

Where are incisions made for rhinoplasty?

Rhinoplasty is performed either using a closed procedure, where incisions are hidden inside the nose, or an open procedure, where an incision is made across the columella, the narrow strip of tissue that separates the nostrils.

How common is septal perforation?

Although the incidence of septal perforation is reported to be around 1%, it is actually much more. Septal perforations may occur due to iatrogenic, trauma, drug use (steroids, cocaine, etc.) and cauterization. The most common cause of septum surgery is secondary to infection.