The platypelloid pelvis is also called a flat pelvis. This is the least common type. It’s wide but shallow, and it resembles an egg or oval lying on its side.

What is the pelvis?

The pelvis is the area of the body below the abdomen that is located between the hip bones and contains the bladder and rectum. In females, it also contains the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. In males, it also contains the prostate and seminal vesicles.

What is an example of a pelvis?

The pelvis is a bony structure near the base of the spine to which the legs are attached. The basin-like cavity that supports your legs, that is located at the base of your spine and that is formed by the ilium, ischium, pubis, coccyx, and sacrum bones is an example of your pelvis.

Can pelvis be too small for birth?

Unfortunately, it is possible to be too small to give birth naturally. This is called cephalopelvic disproportion or CPD for short. We use this term when we deem that your pelvis is too small to deliver your baby vaginally. Often, this is the case when the baby has a high estimated fetal weight and the mom is petite.

How do I widen my birth canal?

Also known as birth canal widening, perineum stretching can be done at home during the final weeks leading up to your due date. The goal is to learn to relax your pelvic floor muscles and stretch the vaginal opening. Your obstetrician or midwife can show you how to give a perineal massage.

What are the 4 types of pelvis?

Although pelvises can be classified according to diameter, in obstetric practice they are often divided into 4 main types: gynecoid, android, anthropoid, and platypelloid, based mainly on the shape of the pelvic inlet [5].

Where is your pelvis female?

What is the female pelvis? The pelvis is the lower part of the torso. It’s located between the abdomen and the legs. This area provides support for the intestines and also contains the bladder and reproductive organs.

Why is my womb painful?

The pain occurs when the muscles in the uterus (womb) contract or tighten, and often feels like cramping or heaviness in the pelvic area, lower back or stomach. Despite it being a typical add-on of getting your period, if the pain is severe, it could be a sign of something more serious, such as endometriosis.

What is linea terminalis of pelvis?

Anatomical terminology The linea terminalis or innominate line consists of the pubic crest, pectineal line (pecten pubis), the arcuate line, the sacral ala, and the sacral promontory. It is the pelvic brim, which is the edge of the pelvic inlet.

Why is it called false pelvis?

The False Pelvis Some consider this region to be part of the pelvic cavity, while others consider it part of the abdominal cavity (hence the name false pelvis). … The false pelvis supports the intestines (specifically, the ileum and sigmoid colon), and transmits part of their weight to the anterior wall of the abdomen.

What does iliac crest pain feel like?

The pain usually starts in one side of the lower back and buttocks and can reach up to the lower hip, groin, and upper thigh. People may also feel numbness, tingling, or weakness in their leg. The symptoms may get worse when sitting, sleeping, or walking up and down stairs.

Does having a small pelvis mean C section?

A pelvis too small for baby is actually incredibly rare and very hard to diagnose. It is very discouraging for women and more often than not, leads to a woman having repeat c-sections for the rest of her babies without even being given a chance at a vaginal birth.

Is it harder to give birth if your skinny?

Although the thinnest women are more likely to have underweight babies, they are no more likely to give birth prematurely or to have their babies die in the first week after birth, the study found.

How many bones break during delivery?

There were 35 cases of bone injuries giving an incidence of 1 per 1,000 live births. Clavicle was the commonest bone fractured (45.7%) followed by humerus (20%), femur (14.3%) and depressed skull fracture (11.4%) in the order of frequency.

Is normal delivery is painful?

Yes, childbirth is painful. But it’s manageable. In fact, nearly half of first-time moms (46 percent) said the pain they experienced with their first child was better than they expected, according to a nationwide survey commissioned by the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) in honor of Mother’s Day.

What happens if you don’t push during Labour?

When you don’t have the urge to bear down You push about three times in each contraction and must push through the entire count even if you are uncomfortable. Research shows that this method could lead to shorter pushing times, but it also leads to higher risks of fatigue, tearing, and blood flow changes.

Why do babies get stuck during birth?

The most common reasons babies become stuck in the birth canal during delivery include fetal macrosomia (the baby is too big for vaginal delivery); shoulder dystocia (the baby’s shoulder gets stuck behind the mother’s pelvic bone); and breech presentation (the baby does not move into the correct head down position …

How is Pelvimetry performed?

Pelvimetry assesses the size of a woman’s pelvis aiming to predict whether she will be able to give birth vaginally or not. This can be done by clinical examination, or by conventional Xrays, computerised tomography (CT) scanning, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What is Gynaecoid pelvis?

Gynecoid pelvis: The gynecoid pelvis is one that is generally characteristic of a woman in its bone structure and therefore its shape. Gynecoid means like a woman, womanly, female. … The angle of the female pubic arch is wide and round. The female sacrum is wider than the male’s and the iliac bone is flatter.

What is obstetric conjugate?

The distance between the sacral promontory and a point slightly below the upper inner margin of the symphysis pubis; the shortest diameter to which the fetal head must accommodate to descend successfully through the pelvic inlet.

Can you feel your pubic bone?

You can feel the pubic symphysis by pressing on your lower front pelvic bone, just above your genital area. Your health professional can tell when it is separated or misaligned simply by pressing on it.

Is pelvic pain bad?

For the most part, pelvic pain in women appears as a result of a common issue such as menstrual cramping or painful ovulation. However, if a person notices signs that a more serious underlying problem is causing the pain, they should consider seeing a doctor.

What does pelvic pain feel like?

Pelvic pain is often described as a dull ache or pressure that may or may not include sharp pains located anywhere in the abdomen below the navel. The pain may be intermittent or constant and can be accompanied by other symptoms, such as abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge and lower back pain.

How do you know if pelvic pain is serious?


  1. Severe and steady pain.
  2. Pain that comes and goes (intermittent)
  3. Dull aching.
  4. Sharp pains or cramping.
  5. Pressure or heaviness deep within your pelvis.

What are the signs of damaged womb?

What are the Symptoms of Uterine Problems?

Can your uterus grow without being pregnant?

But pregnancy isn’t the only potential reason for an enlarged uterus. An enlarged uterus is common and can be a symptom of a variety of medical conditions, some of which require treatment. Two of the most common causes of an enlarged uterus are uterine fibroids and adenomyosis.

How does Linea Terminalis go?

Linea terminalis – Linea terminalis The terminal line of pelvis is a circular line the passes along the promontory of the sacrum dorsally, the wings of the ilia laterally and ends in the pecten of the pubis ventrally. It is circular in female animals an egg-shaped in male animal with the apex facing ventrally.

What is the pubic crest?

Medical Definition of pubic crest : the border of a pubis between its pubic tubercle and the pubic symphysis.

What is the true conjugate?

[TA] the diameter that represents the shortest diameter through which the head must pass in descending into the superior strait and measures, by means of x-ray, the distance from the promontory of the sacrum to a point on the inner surface of the symphysis a few millimeters below its upper margin.