This compound has a variety of uses, including non-asbestos friction material for brake and clutch linings, fireworks and other pyrotechnics, camouflage paints, pigments in ruby glass, and photoconductors. Crude antimony sulfide is obtained from mining operations.

Is antimony sulfide toxic?

Subacute to chronic toxicity: Antimony compounds may cause metallic taste, gastrointestinal disturbances, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness and systemic poisoning. Chronic exposure may cause liver and kidney damage.

How do you make antimony sulfide?

What is antimony trisulfide used for in fireworks?

The Chinese needle form of antimony trisulfide produces white glittery stars in fireworks. The dark pyro form increases the sensitivity of flash powder and sharpens the report or loud boom sound effect.

What is the difference between antimony sulfide and antimony trisulfide?

Antimony sulfide, is actually antimony trisulfide, but because it exists as red (synthetic) and black (natural) crystals, the black form is sometimes called antimony sulfide and antimony black. Black antimony trisulfide is used in camouflage paints because it has the same infrared reflectance value as green foliage.

Why is Sb2S3 orange?

Orange is the color of amorphous Sb2S3. The solution coloration corresponds to nucleation of amorphous Sb2S3 in the homogeneous phase, which is occurring at the same time with deposition on a substrate (heterogeneous phase).

How do you get antimony poisoning?

Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition antimony trioxide is possibly carcinogenic to humans.

How does antimony get into the body?

Antimony can enter your body when you drink water or eat food, soil, or other substances that contain antimony. Antimony can also enter your body if you breathe air or dust containing antimony.

Where does exposure to antimony most often occur?

Exposure to antimony dust occurs during the mining, crushing and processing of the ore; however the highest exposures to both antimony dust and fumes are likely to occur in smelting and refining processes. Antimony is most commonly used as antimony trioxide in the manufacture of flame-retardant materials.

How do you make antimony?

What is the modern name of stibnite?

Antimony is a chemical element with the symbol Sb (from Latin: stibium) and atomic number 51. A lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite (Sb2S3). …

Symbol Sb: from Latin stibium ‘stibnite’
Main isotopes of antimony

What is the correct name for Sb2 co3 5?

Antimony(V) Sulfite Sb2(SO3)5 Molecular Weight — EndMemo.

Is antimony sulfide soluble?


Assay Percent Range 97.5% min. (Sb2S3)
Linear Formula Sb2S3
Merck Index 15, 701
Solubility Information Solubility in water: insoluble. Other solubilities: soluble in conc. hcl and alkali hydroxides,soluble in alcohol,soluble in amminium hydrogen sulfide,insoluble in acetic acid
Formula Weight 339.67

Is antimony shiny or dull?

Antimony is a lustrous, silvery, bluish white solid that is very brittle and has a flaky texture.

What is antimony Trisulphide and potassium chlorate?

Antimony trisulphide and potassium chlorate both are used for burning purposes such as crackers, fireworks, explosives. Antimony chloride does not have explosive properties; it is used as a chemical reagent. Potassium sulphide is also used in fireworks. Complete solution:Potassium chlorate is an oxidizing agent.

How do you balance Sb2S3 HCL sbcl3 h2s?

Is antimony sulfide flammable?

Safety Profile See also ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS and SULFIDES. Spontaneously flammable when exposed to strong oxidizers. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame. Moderately explosive by spontaneous reaction with chlorates, perchlorates, Cl0, thallic oxide.

Is antimony a metal?

Although antimony resembles a metal it has poor electircal and conductive properties and does not react chemically like a metal and is classified as semi-metallic. Antimony ores are mined and then mixed with other metals to form antimony alloys or combined with oxygen to form antimony oxide.

Which of the sulphides are black?

Chemistry-Color of Sulfide Precipitate

Copper (Cu) Black (CuS)
Silver (Ag) Black (Ag2S)
Mercury (Hg) Black (HgS)
Nickel (Ni) Black (NiS)

What color is sulfide?


Sulfide minerals
name colour specific gravity
sphalerite brown, black, yellow; also variable 3.94.1
stannite steel-gray to iron-black 4.34.5
stibnite lead- to steel-gray, tarnishing blackish 4.6

How can I tell if I am being slowly poisoned?

Moderate signs of poisoning in humans include the following:

How does antimony look like?

Antimony is a silvery-white, shiny element that looks like a metal. It has a scaly surface and is hard and brittle like a non-metal. It can also be prepared as a black powder with a shiny brilliance to it. The melting point of antimony is 630C (1,170F) and its boiling point is 1,635C (2,980F).

What products contain antimony?

Antimony alloys are also used in batteries, low friction metals, type metal and cable sheathing, among other products. Antimony compounds are used to make flame-proofing materials, paints, ceramic enamels, glass and pottery. The ancient Egyptians used antimony, in the form of stibnite, for black eye make-up.

What are the dangers of antimony?

Antimony (Sb) is a silver-white brittle solid or a dark-gray, lustrous powder. It can be harmful to the eyes and skin. Antimony can also cause problems with the lungs, heart, and stomach. Workers may be harmed from exposure to antimony and its compounds.

How is antimony bad?

Breathing air contaminated with antimony can cause eye and lung irritation, heart and lung damage, stomach pains, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach ulcers. Ingestion of large doses of antimony may cause stomach pains and vomiting.

What is unique about antimony?

Antimony (Sb) has an atomic number of fifty-one, with fifty-one protons in the nucleus. It is a highly brittle, bluish-white, semi-metallic element. Interesting Antimony Facts: … Its name is attributed to the French word for monk killer, since toxic antimony is linked to alchemy, which was often studied by monks.

What causes high levels of antimony?

Drinking water from some plastic water bottles may contain higher levels of antimony, but these levels are not known to cause health effects. Higher levels of antimony may be found near waste sites or industries that process or release it, such as smelters, coal-fired plants, and garbage incinerators.

How much antimony is lethal?

The minimal lethal dose for oral intoxication by antimony in the form of APT (tartar emetic) is reported in textbooks as 300 mg of APT for a child and 1200 mg of APT for an adult. The acute symptoms are similar to those seen after acute oral intoxication by arsenic (Wirth, 1994).

Can antimony be absorbed through the skin?

Exposure to high levels of antimony trioxide or a mixture of antimony trioxide and pentoxide resulted in death in rabbits (Myers et al. 1978). Since the application area was occluded, the study suggests that at least some forms of antimony can be absorbed through the skin.