The articular surface of the condyle is covered by fibrous tissue, and interfaces with an articular disk (or meniscus) of avascular, non-innervated fibrous tissue (collagen, fibroblasts).
Is condyle a bone or cartilage?
Femoral Condyles Anatomy: They are covered by articular cartilage and function as a shock absorber for the knee.
What is the difference between epicondyle and condyle?
The condyle is smooth and round whereas epicondyle is rough. Epicondyle is a projection on the condyle. The main difference between condyle and epicondyle is that condyle forms an articulation with another bone. whereas epicondyle provides sites for the attachment of muscles.
What is medial condyle?
Medical Definition of medial condyle : a condyle on the inner side of the lower extremity of the femur also : a corresponding eminence on the upper part of the tibia that articulates with the medial condyle of the femur compare lateral condyle.
What is a condyle?
Condyle – Refers to a large prominence, which often provides structural support to the overlying hyaline cartilage. It bears the brunt of the force exerted from the joint. Examples include the knee joint (hinge joint), formed by the femoral lateral and medial condyles, and the tibial lateral and medial condyles.
What is the function of the condyle?
A rounded prominence at the end of a bone, most often for articulation with another bone. A rounded process at the end of a bone, forming a ball-and-socket joint with the hollow part of another bone. A rounded prominence at the end of a bone, most often for articulation with another bone.
What does tuberosity mean?
: a rounded prominence especially : a large prominence on a bone usually serving for the attachment of muscles or ligaments.
What is knee condyle?
Bones of the Knee Joint The femoral condyles are the two rounded prominences at the end of the femur; they are called the medial and the lateral femoral condyle, respectively. The motions of the condyles include rocking, gliding and rotating.
Where are menisci found?
knee The menisci sit between the tibia (lower leg bone) and the femur (thigh bone) and protect the lower part of the leg from the shock created by our body weight. The medial meniscus sits on the inside of the knee and the lateral meniscus sits on the outside of the knee.
What is the epicondyle area?
The elbow joint is made up of the bone in the upper arm (the humerus) and one of the bones in the lower arm (ulna). The bony prominences, or bumps, at the bottom of the humerus are called the epicondyles. The bump on the outer side of the elbow is called the lateral epicondyle.
Where is the epicondyle located?
There are bony bumps at the bottom of the humerus called epicondyles, where several muscles of the forearm begin their course. The bony bump on the outside (lateral side) of the elbow is called the lateral epicondyle. The ECRB muscle and tendon is usually involved in tennis elbow.
Does the tibia have epicondyles?
The tibia is the larger, weight-bearing bone located on the medial side of the leg. … The two sides of this expansion form the medial condyle of the tibia and the lateral condyle of the tibia. The tibia does not have epicondyles. The top surface of each condyle is smooth and flattened.
What is tibial condyle?
Anatomical terms of bone. The lateral condyle is the lateral portion of the upper extremity of tibia. It serves as the insertion for the biceps femoris muscle (small slip).
What is medial and lateral condyle?
The medial and lateral condyles form the proximal part of the body of femur, and articulate with the proximal part of tibia to form the femorotibial joint. They are separated by the deep intercondylar fossa, proximally bounded by the horizontal intercondylar line.
How long does a medial femoral condyle fracture take to heal?
Medial Femoral Condyle Fracture Study Results Their fractures were fixated using screws and most patients made a full recovery in a few months. The average time for a complete union of the fracture was around 4.5 months. Most patients did not suffer any loss of function, including mobility loss, in the injured limb.
What is occipital condyle?
The occipital condyles are two large protuberances on the undersurface of the occipital bone, located besides the front half of the foramen magnum. It forms the connection between the skull and the vertebral coloumn.
What are the unpaired facial bones?
The facial bones include 14 bones, with six paired bones and two unpaired bones. The paired bones are the maxilla, palatine, zygomatic, nasal, lacrimal, and inferior nasal conchae bones. The unpaired bones are the vomer and mandible bones.
What bones have a crest?
A Crest is a ridge or raised surface on the skeleton.
Is condyle a projection or depression?
|Bone Markings (Table 7.2)|
|Condyle||Rounded surface||Occipital condyles|
|Projections||Raised markings||Spinous process of the vertebrae|
What is condylar translation?
As the condyle translates from the mandibular fossa to the convex eminence, the pliable disc changes position and shape to fill the constantly changing space between the two bones. Many minute movements are necessary for the disc to contact temporal and mandibular surfaces evenly.
What is the condyle of humerus?
The condyle of humerus is the whole distal end except the epicondyles. The condyle articulates with the radius and ulna forming the elbow joint. In dog and cats, the condyle is divided in two parts: The trochlea, the medial part, that articulates with ulna.
What is a tibial tuberosity?
The tibial tuberosity is the bump on the top of the tibia (shinbone) where the patellar tendon connects. Tendons connect muscles to bones. The patellar tendon stretches over the top of the patella (kneecap).
What does fossa mean in Latin?
ditch, trench History and Etymology for fossa Noun (1) borrowed from Medieval Latin, going back to Latin, ditch, trench, noun derivative from feminine of fossus, past participle of fodere to jab, dig more at fossil entry 1.
What is a tubercle in anatomy?
A tubercle is a small rounded point of a bone. It also refers to a nodule attached to bone, mucous membrane (moist layer lining parts of the body), or skin. The term tubercle is less commonly used to refer to skin irritation resulting from a tuberculosis (TB) infection.
What causes holes in knee bones?
Injuries to the knee can cause also damage the cartilage. If the cartilage in your knee is severely damaged you can develop a hole or defect in the cartilage which could lead to a cartilage defect or hole in the cartilage.
How serious is osteonecrosis of the knee?
Because bone cells need a steady supply of blood to stay healthy, osteonecrosis can ultimately lead to destruction of the knee joint and severe arthritis. When osteonecrosis is diagnosed early, treatment may involve taking medications to relieve pain or limiting use of the affected knee.
What causes spontaneous osteonecrosis?
The most common cause of SONK is a meniscus root tear, and meniscus root tears often have extrusion of the meniscus outside the joint, which can lead to the overload causing SONK. Thus, most cases of SONK would be expected to have some form of meniscus extrusion present.
Which joints have menisci?
when incomplete they are called menisci. Disks are found in the temporomandibular joint of the lower jaw, the sternoclavicular (breastbone and collarbone) joint, and the ulnocarpal (inner forearm bone and wrist) joint. A pair of menisci is found in each knee joint, one between each femoral condyle and its female
What meniscus is made of?
The meniscus cartilage itself is made up of a softer fibrocartilage. The knee has two C-shaped meniscus structures made of a softer fibrocartilage. These structures are anchored to the tibia by the peripheral capsular attachments of the menisci, which allow them more mobility within the joint.
How many joints have menisci?
A meniscus is a piece of cartilage found where two bones meet (joint space). Menisci (plural of meniscus) protect and cushion the joint surface and bone ends.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.