Decane is often used for industrial purposes. It’s referred to as a type of hydrocarbon solvent. This is just a fancy way of saying a liquid substance that contains hydrogen and carbon atoms. This hydrocarbon solvent is commonly used in fuels such as gasoline.

What is decane in chemistry?

Decane is an alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C10H22. Although 75 structural isomers are possible for decane, the term usually refers to the normal-decane (n-decane), with the formula CH3(CH2)8CH3. All isomers, however, exhibit similar properties and little attention is paid to the composition.

Where is decane found?

N-Decane is an alkane taste. N-Decane is found in highest concentrations in common oregano and safflowers and also in corns, sweet bay, and sweet cherries ( http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/data/rw1353501.html#tooccur).

Is decane toxic?

* High exposure can cause headache, dizziness, lightheadedness and passing out. Decane is a colorless liquid. It is used as a solvent and in jet fuel. * Decane is on the Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by DOT and NFPA.

Does decane have a smell?

Decane is a component of gasoline (petrol) and kerosene. Like other alkanes, it is a nonpolar solvent, does not dissolve in water, and is readily combustible. … Decane.

Names
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 0.730 g mL 1
Melting point 30.5 to 29.2 C; 22.8 to 20.6 F; 242.7 to 243.9 K

How many bonds are in Decane?

A chemical structure of a molecule includes the arrangement of atoms and the chemical bonds that hold the atoms together. The DECANE molecule contains a total of 31 bond(s) There are 9 non-H bond(s) and 7 rotatable bond(s).

What are the isomers of Decane?

The 75 Isomers of Decane – C10H22

Is Decane a solid liquid or gas?

N-decane appears as a colorless liquid. Flash point 115F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water.

What is decane soluble in?

water Decane has a molecular weight of 142.28 g mol 1. At 20 C, n-decane has solubility in water of 0.009 mg l 1, a vapor pressure of 2.7 mm Hg, and a Henry’s law constant of 5.15 atm-m3 mol 1.

How is decane produced?

EXPOSURE INFORMATION Production and Producers: Manufacturing process: Most decane is prepared from petroleum refining. Other sources of decane include coal liquefaction through the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and the hydrogenation of 1-decene (Griesbaum et al., 1989; HSDB, 2002a).

What can decane be cracked into?

Therefore, we can crack decane to create octane and ethene. The octane is petrol, so is used in engines for small vehicles (cars and motorbikes). The ethene can be made into polythene, which is a type of plastic [polythene is also known as poly(ethene)].

Is decane a gas at room temperature?

As the name implies hydrocarbons consist of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. … Hydrocarbons (Alkanes)

Formula (state at room temperature) Name
C8H18 (liquid) octane oct = 8
C9H20 (liquid) nonane non = 9
C10H22 (liquid) decane dec = 10
C18H38 (solid) octadecane octadec = 18

Is decane an alkane or alkene?

Decane is a straight-chain alkane with 10 carbon atoms.

Can decane be used as fuel?

Decane is an alkane with the chemical formula C10H22. As a type of hydrocarbon, it can undergo hydrocarbon combustion which gives off heat energy. … This organic molecule is a major component of diesel fuel and is also used in paint manufacturing as a hydrocarbon solvent.

What is the condensed formula of Decane?

Alkanes

Name Molecular Formula Condensed Structural Formula
Heptane C7H16 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Octane C8H18 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Nonane C9H20 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3
Decane C10H22 CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3

How many isomers does c10h20?

There are 33 commercially available compounds with a molecular formula C10H20 in MolPort database. … Molecules By Molecular Formula C10H20

Compound number: MolPort-006-123-080
SMILES: C[C@H]1C[C@H](C)[C@H](C)[C@H](C)C1
Molecular weight: 140.27
Availability: Discontinued

How many isomers are there of Decane?

75 isomers There are 75 isomers of decane, with the chemical formula .

How many chain isomers exist for Decane?

All five hexane constitutional isomers have the same molecular formula, C6H14, and the same molecular weight, 86. However, each one of the hexanes has a unique boiling point. … Constitutional (structural) Isomers:

# of Carbons Acyclic Alkane # of Isomers
7 heptane 9
8 octane 18
9 nonane 35
10 decane 75

What are the 9 isomers of c7h16?

9 Isomers of Heptane – C7H16

How many hydrogen are there in Decyne?

10H18 Decynes are alkynes with one triple bond and the molecular formula C10H18.

What state is Undecane at room temperature?

Undecane appears as a colorless liquid.

Does decane have hydrogen bonding?

Because decane forms a longer chain than hexane, there will be a slightly greater interaction between decane molecules than between hexane molecules. … a) The 1-butanol can hydrogen bond together, but the ether only has weak dipole-dipole interactions.

What is the common name for propane?

Liquified Petroleum Gas For this reason, propane is often referred to as Liquified Petroleum Gas, or LPG.