Erikson believed that the primary psychosocial task of adolescence was establishing an identity. … During adolescence we experience psychological moratorium, where teens put on hold commitment to an identity while exploring the options. The culmination of this exploration is a more coherent view of oneself.

What are the 4 identity statuses in adolescence?

Marcia (1966) based his theory of adolescent identity development on Erikson’s (1950/1980) theory of psychosocial identity development and identified four identity statuses: identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, and identity achievement.

What is the moratorium identity stage?

An identity moratorium is one step in the process of finding a sense of self. It is a period of active searching for one’s occupational, religious, ethnic, or another form of identity to determine who they really are. It is an identity crisis as part of the quest of teens and tweens to find themselves.

What is moratorium in human development?

Identity moratorium is a period of identity development that occurs after the adolescent stage of identity diffusion and is generally considered the longest period of that development. It is a period of active searching and exploring alternatives to current situations.

What is Erikson psychoanalytic theory?

Much like psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Erikson’s theory marked a shift from Freud’s psychosexual theory in that it describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan instead of simply focusing on childhood events.

What is the task of adolescence according to Erikson?

According to Erik Erikson, the main task of adolescents is to solve the crisis of identity versus role confusion. Research has shown that a stable and strong sense of identity is associated with better mental health of adolescents.

What is Erikson’s intimacy vs isolation stage?

Intimacy versus isolation is the sixth stage of Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, which happens after the fifth stage of identity vs role confusion. … The major conflict at this stage of life centers on forming intimate, loving relationships with other people.

Which of the following conflicts did Erikson believe arises during the adolescent phase?

Key Conflict: Identity vs. This stage of psychosocial development occurs during the teen years when kids begin to explore new roles as they approach adulthood. Handling this conflict well leads to a strong sense of personal identity.

What event is considered the physical start of adolescence in females?

For girls, observable changes begin with nipple growth and pubic hair. Then the body increases in height while fat forms particularly on the breasts and hips. The first menstrual period (menarche) is followed by more growth, which is usually completed by four years after the first menstrual period began.

What is moratorium in adolescent development?

A moratorium is a state in which adolescents are actively exploring options but have not yet made commitments. As mentioned earlier, individuals who have explored different options, discovered their purpose, and have made identity commitments are in a state of identity achievement.

What is an example of moratorium?

The definition of a moratorium is an authorized delay in an activity or obligation. An example of a moratorium is a deferment on the payback on loans. A legal authorization, usually by a law passed in an emergency, to delay payment of money due, as by a bank or debtor nation.

Which of the following describes identity moratorium during adolescence?

Identity moratorium represents an identity with crisis but without commitment. Similar to Erikson’s concept of a period of ‘time out’, Marcia described this as a period where individuals actively explore different roles but are yet to make commitments.

What is a meaning of moratorium?

A moratorium is a temporary suspension of an activity or law until future consideration warrants lifting the suspension, such as if and when the issues that led to moratorium have been resolved. A moratorium may be imposed by a government, by regulators, or by a business.

What do you mean by adolescence?

Adolescence is the period of transition between childhood and adulthood. Children who are entering adolescence are going through many changes (physical, intellectual, personality and social developmental). Adolescence begins at puberty, which now occurs earlier, on average, than in the past.

What causes identity moratorium?

If you’re experiencing an identity crisis, you may be questioning your sense of self or identity. This can often occur due to big changes or stressors in life, or due to factors such as age or advancement from a certain stage (for example, school, work, or childhood).

Is Erik Erikson a behaviorist?

Psychosocial development theory was developed by Erik Erikson, a psychoanalyst. Psychoanalysis is usually not considered either behaviorist or…

How are Erikson and Freud different?

Differences between Freud and Erikson Freud’s psychosexual theory emphasizes the importance of basic needs and biological forces, while Erikson’s psychosocial theory is more focused upon social and environmental factors. Erikson also expands his theory into adulthood, while Freud’s theory ends at an earlier period.

What are the major developmental tasks of adolescence?

What Are the Developmental Tasks Facing Adolescents?

What is likely the main conflict faced by an adolescent According to Erikson?

Adolescence is the period of life between childhood and adulthood. According to psychologist Erik Erikson, adolescents go through the psychosocial crisis of identity versus role confusion, which involves exploring who they are as individuals.

How do you resolve a role in confusion?

This stage occurs during adolescence between the ages of approximately 12 and 18. During this stage, adolescents explore their independence and develop a sense of self. … How to Decrease Role Confusion

  1. Build on your strengths. …
  2. Try new things to discover what you like. …
  3. Make commitments and set goals.

What does Erik Erikson say about child development?

Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. During each stage, the person experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome for personality development.

Why is Erik Erikson Theory important?

The uniqueness of Erikson’s theory lies in the fact that he was the first to propose that human personality develops in a predetermined manner through 8 sequential stages of psychosocial development, starting from infancy and ending in old age.

What are the key concepts of Erikson theory?

This theory consists of eight stages of development: Trust versus mistrust; Autonomy versus shame and doubt; Initiative versus guilt; Industry versus inferiority; Identity versus identity confusion; Intimacy versus isolation; Generativity versus stagnation; Integerity versus despair.

What psychosocial conflict did Erikson attribute to adolescence?


Approximate Age Virtues Psychosocial crisis
Early childhood 3–6 years Purpose Initiative vs. Guilt
Middle Childhood 7–10 years Competence Industry vs. Inferiority
Adolescence 11–19 years Fidelity Identity vs. Role Confusion
Early adulthood 20–44 years Love Intimacy vs. Isolation

What does Erikson’s theory focus on?

Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, however, Erikson’s theory described the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. Erikson was interested in how social interaction and relationships played a role in the development and growth of human beings.

Why is adolescence referred to as period of conflict?

Stanley Hall in Adolescence, written in 1904. Hall used this term because he viewed adolescence as a period of inevitable turmoil that takes place during the transition from childhood to adulthood. … Conflict with parents: Adolescents tend to rebel against authority figures as they seek greater independence and autonomy.

What effect does the development of the prefrontal cortex have on teenage behavior?

Its levels decrease during adolescence, resulting in mood swings and difficulties regulating emotions.

Why is it hard to know whether exposure to messages about drinking and smoking actually change adolescents behaviors?

Why is it hard to know whether exposure to messages about drinking and smoking actually change adolescents’ behaviors? … Adolescents are not exposed to the mass media as blank slates. Preexisting values, beliefs, and expectations influence what adolescents perceive, what they pay attention to, and what they remember.