Exophoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something outside the discourse. Here are some examples of exophoric reference: They’re late again, can you believe it? I know!

What is exophoric and endophoric reference?

To point outwards the text is known as exophoric reference which presents the language pinpointing to the external context. Whereas to point inward the text is known as endophoric reference which links the message to its textual context; it contains the meaning that is repetitive in the text.

What is a cataphoric relation?

In semantics, cataphoric relation is the coreference relation between a pronoun and a noun phrase which follows the pronoun.

What is a cataphoric reference?

Cataphoric reference means that a word in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand. It can be compared with anaphoric reference, which means a word refers back to another word for its meaning. ‘When he arrived, John noticed that the door was open’.

What Cataphoric means?

: of or relating to cataphora especially : being a word or phrase (such as a pronoun) that takes its reference from a following word or phrase (such as her in before her Jane saw nothing but desert) compare anaphoric.

What is comparative and bridging reference?

Comparative reference occurs when . . . the identity of the presumed item is retrieved not because it has already been mentioned (or will be mentioned) in the text, but because an item with which it is being compared to has been mentioned. (Eggins, 1994: 97-98) Bridging reference is . . .

What is Exophoric in English?

/ (ksfrk) / adjective. grammar denoting or relating to a pronoun such as I or you, the meaning of which is determined by reference outside the discourse rather than by a preceding or following expressionCompare anaphora.

What is endophoric storytelling?

Endophoric storytelling. When a narrative is told in the same location as the narrated events actually took place.

What does endophoric reference mean?

Endophora refers to the phenomenon of expressions that derive their reference from something within the surrounding text (endophors). … She was lying on the beach, she is an endophoric expression because it refers to something mentioned elsewhere in the text, i.e. Sally.

What is an example of cataphora?

Cataphora is a type of anaphora, although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora. An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep.

Why is cataphora used?

The cataphora reverses the normal pattern of the pronoun referring back to a noun by first using the pronoun and then introducing the noun. The effect is that the reader is put into a state of suspense, because he does not initially know who or what the sentence is talking about.

What is Anaphoric and cataphoric?

Anaphoric reference means that a word in a text refers back to other ideas in the text for its meaning. It can be compared with cataphoric reference, which means a word refers to ideas later in the text. … They can then practise this by using pronouns to replace words themselves.

What is Homophoric reference?

Homophoric reference Homophoric reference is where the identity of the item can be retrieved by reference to cultural knowledge, in general, rather than specific context of the text. For example, the meaning of the phrase the Queen may be determined by the country in which it is spoken.

What is referencing and substitution?

Substitution occurs when an item is replaced by another item in the text to avoid repetition. The difference between substitution and reference is that substitution lies in the relation between words, whereas reference between meanings. There are three types of substitution: nominal, verbal, and clausal.

What is Deixis and anaphora?

As nouns the difference between deixis and anaphora is that deixis is (linguistics) a reference within a sentence that relies on the context being known to interpret correctly while anaphora is (rhetoric) the repetition of a phrase at the beginning of phrases, sentences, or verses, used for emphasis.

What are some examples of anaphora?

Here’s a quick and simple definition: Anaphora is a figure of speech in which words repeat at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, or sentences. For example, Martin Luther King’s famous I Have a Dream speech contains anaphora: So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.

Is cataphoric a word?

Meaning of cataphoric in English referring to or replacing a word or phrase that is used later in a text: With cataphoric reference, you may need to read forward to understand. The they can be said to form a cataphoric link with the references to the soldiers and the officer later in the narrative.

What is zero anaphora in pragmatics?

Zero anaphora is the use of a gap, in a phrase or clause, that has an anaphoric function similar to a pro-form. It is often described as referring back to an expression that supplies the information necessary for interpreting the gap.

What is a bridging reference?

Bridging reference (BR) refers to the relationship between a linguistic expression and its intended referent not explicitly mentioned in previous context. … Subjects make choices in order of accessibility of contextual assumptions even though the referent is inconsistent with one’s general knowledge.

What is comparative reference?

Comparative reference is indirect reference by means of identity or similarity. Personal reference items are those which refer to their referents by specifying their function in the speech situation, using nouns and pronouns.

What is the difference between substitution and ellipsis?

Ellipsis is simply leaving something out that is usually obvious. Substitution involves using words such as do and so and not instead of a clause.

What is the difference between anaphora and cataphora?

In a narrower sense, anaphora is the use of an expression that depends specifically upon an antecedent expression and thus is contrasted with cataphora, which is the use of an expression that depends upon a postcedent expression.

What is spatial Deixis?

Spatial deixis, or place deixis, concerns itself with the spatial locations relevant to an utterance. Similarly to personal deixis, the locations may be either those of the speaker and addressee or those of persons or objects being referred to.

What is the difference between Exophora and Endophora?

As nouns the difference between endophora and exophora is that endophora is (linguisticsrhetoric) an expression which refers to something in the same text while exophora is (linguistics) a reference to something extralinguistic.

What is reference in discourse analysis?

Reference as an act by which a speaker (or writer) uses language to enable a listener (or reader) to identify something. 4. (Looking outward- outside the text). The referent is not in the immediate context but is assumed by the speaker/writer to be part of a shared world, in terms of knowledge and experience.

What is the meaning of Anaphoric?

: of or relating to anaphora an anaphoric usage especially : being a word or phrase that takes its reference from another word or phrase and especially from a preceding word or phrase compare cataphoric.

What is Cataphoric pronoun?

Cataphoric pronouns are pronouns that occur linearly before their antecedent. In other words, they are instances of referential dependencies in which the antecedent follows the referentially dependent element, as illustrated in (1).

What is the meaning of Hyponymy?

In linguistics, hyponymy (from Greek , hup, under, and , numa, name) is a semantic relation between a hyponym denoting a subtype and a hypernym or hyperonym denoting a supertype. … A hyponym refers to a type. A meronym refers to a part.

What do you mean by substitution?

1a : the act, process, or result of substituting one thing for another. b : replacement of one mathematical entity by another of equal value. 2 : one that is substituted for another. Other Words from substitution Example Sentences Learn More About substitution.