What is kwashiorkor and its symptoms?

Kwashiorkor is a condition resulting from inadequate protein intake. Early symptoms include fatigue, irritability, and lethargy. As protein deprivation continues, one sees growth failure, loss of muscle mass, generalized swelling (edema), and decreased immunity. A large, protuberant belly is common. What are the differences between kwashiorkor and marasmus?
Marasmus mainly occurs due to poverty and food scarcity. … Marasmus is severe malnutrition characterized by energy deficiency. Kwashiorkor is a protein deficiency disorder with adequate energy intake, whereas Marasmus is inadequate energy intake including proteins.

Is kwashiorkor an African word?

The term kwashiorkor means “deposed child” (“deposed” from the mother’s breast by a newborn sibling) in one African dialect and “red boy” in another dialect. The latter term comes from the reddish orange discoloration of the hair that is characteristic of the disease. Where is kwashiorkor most common?
Kwashiorkor is most common in countries where there is a limited supply or lack of food. It is mostly found in children and infants in sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central America .

How does kwashiorkor affect the body?

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition. It’s most common in some developing regions where babies and children do not get enough protein or other essential nutrients in their diet. The main sign of kwashiorkor is too much fluid in the body’s tissues, which causes swelling under the skin (oedema). What malnutrition mean?

Malnutrition is a serious condition that happens when your diet does not contain the right amount of nutrients. It means poor nutrition and can refer to: undernutrition – not getting enough nutrients. overnutrition – getting more nutrients than needed.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What are the 4 types of malnutrition?

There are 4 types of malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization. This includes deficiencies, stunting, being underweight, and wasting. Each type of malnutrition stems from a unique cause.

How is kwashiorkor and marasmus treated?

Treatment of marasmus

  1. Correct water and electrolyte balance. Use a nasogastric tube. …
  2. Treat infections.
  3. Provide dietary support. …
  4. Counsel parents and plan the future, including immunization and diet supplements.
  5. Add frequent small feeds.
  6. Use a liquid diet.
  7. Prevent hypothermia.
  8. Give vitamin A and folic acid.
Read More:  What is the history of cablegram?

Do I have rickets?

pain – the bones affected by rickets can be sore and painful, so the child may be reluctant to walk or may tire easily; the child’s walk may look different (waddling) skeletal deformities – thickening of the ankles, wrists and knees, bowed legs, soft skull bones and, rarely, bending of the spine.

How can you prevent kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor can be prevented by including foods in your diet that are rich in proteins, such as meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, soy, and beans. Treatment involves slow increases in calories from carbohydrates, sugars, and fats, followed by protein.

What is the main cause of rickets?

Is moon face seen in kwashiorkor?

Marasmus is caused by a lack of protein and energy with sufferers appearing skeletally thin. In extreme cases, it can lead to kwashiorkor, in which malnutrition http://www.wfp.org/nutritioncauses swelling including a so-called ‘moon face’.

Is obesity a form of malnutrition?

Key facts. Malnutrition, in all its forms, includes undernutrition (wasting, stunting, underweight), inadequate vitamins or minerals, overweight, obesity, and resulting diet-related noncommunicable diseases. 1.9 billion adults are overweight or obese, while 462 million are underweight.

What is PEM?

Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is defined as an unintentional loss of 10% or more of body weight in a period of six months or less and/or serum albumin levels of less than 3.5 grams per decilitre (g/dl) (Hudson et al., 2000).

Which vitamin helps in blood clotting?

Vitamin K is a group of vitamins that the body needs for blood clotting, helping wounds to heal.

How does kwashiorkor affect the digestive system?

Abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract including atrophy of the pancreas with subsequent glucose intolerance, atrophy of the mucosa of the small intestine, lactase deficiency, ileus, bacterial overgrowth, which can lead to bacterial septicemia and death.

Read More:  What does hoary head mean?

What causes fatty liver in kwashiorkor?

Abstract. Recent abservations suggest that a relative deficiency in the synthesis of beta protein, rather than a deficiency in choline for phosphatidyl choline synthesis, is the more likely cause of liver steatosis in kwashiorkor.

What causes kwashiorkor and marasmus?

‌Like marasmus, kwashiorkor is a type of malnutrition caused by protein deficiency. It mainly occurs in children who are weaning off breast milk, while marasmus can develop in infants. If your diet has a lot of carbohydrates and very little proteins, you may develop kwashiorkor.

Why does malnutrition cause swollen belly?

To understand the reasoning for this, it is important to know that in malnourishment, the rounded abdomen is not due to fat accumulation. Instead, the water retention and fluid buildup in the body cause the abdomen to expand. This results in a bloated, distended stomach or abdominal area.

What causes the swollen belly associated with kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition associated with a deficiency in dietary protein. The extreme lack of protein causes an osmotic imbalance in the gastrointestinal system causing swelling of the gut diagnosed as an edema or retention of water.

Whats is scurvy?

Scurvy is the name for a vitamin C deficiency. It can lead to anemia, debility, exhaustion, spontaneous bleeding, pain in the limbs, and especially the legs, swelling in some parts of the body, and sometimes ulceration of the gums and loss of teeth. Scurvy has been known since ancient Greek and Egyptian times.

What obesity means?

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight, and over 30 is obese.

Which are deficiency diseases?

Answer – Diseases that occur due to lack of nutrients over a long period are called deficiency diseases. Examples are – Scurvy, Night blindness, Rickets, Beriberi, Goiter, Anaemia.

Read More:  Is it churn out or turn out?

What are the 2 types of malnutrition?

Malnutrition is often split into two broad groups of conditions:

  • undernutrition, including stunting, wasting, underweight and micronutrient deficiencies.
  • overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases.

What is mild malnutrition?

Mild Malnutrition • Food intake < 50-75% of normal in the preceding week. • Weight loss less than that listed for Malnutrition of a Moderate Degree. What are the signs and symptoms of malnutrition?

Other symptoms of malnutrition include:

  • reduced appetite.
  • lack of interest in food and drink.
  • feeling tired all the time.
  • feeling weaker.
  • getting ill often and taking a long time to recover.
  • wounds taking a long time to heal.
  • poor concentration.
  • feeling cold most of the time.

What causes scurvy?

Causes of scurvy Scurvy is caused by not having enough vitamin C in your diet for at least 3 months. Vitamin C is mainly found in fruit and vegetables. Even people who do not eat very healthily all the time are not usually considered at risk of scurvy.

How does malnutrition affect the digestive system?

For over a hundred years, doctors have known that a lack of protein in the diet or low levels of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, can lead to symptoms like diarrhoea, inflamed intestines and other immune system disorders, which weaken the body and can be fatal.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *