What is meant by purposive approach?

The purposive approach sometimes referred to as purposive construction, purposive interpretation, or the modern principle in construction is an approach to statutory and constitutional interpretation under which common law courts interpret an enactment (that is, a statute, a part of a statute, or a clause of a …

What is absurd in law?

Absurdity is anything that is irrational, unnatural, or inconvenient. Logically contradictory, nonsensical and ridiculous matters can also be called absurdity. …

What is the golden rule of interpretation?

The golden rule tries to avoid anomalous and absurd consequences from arising from literal interpretation. … This rule of interpretation aims at giving effect to the spirit of the law as the mere mechanical and grammatical meaning may not be sufficient.

What is Ejusdem generis rule?

Ejusdem Generis means of the same kind or nature. This is a facet of the principle of Noscitur a Sociis. It is an ancient doctrine commonly called Lord Tenterdon’s Rule. It is also kown with the name of Genus-species Rule of the language construction.

What is the purpose approach in law?

The purposive approach (sometimes referred to as purposivism, purposive construction, purposive interpretation, or the modern principle in construction) is an approach to statutory and constitutional interpretation under which common law courts interpret an enactment (a statute, part of a statute, or a clause of a …

What are the advantages of the purposive approach?


  • it makes sense to look at the whole purpose of the act.
  • it gives effect to parliaments intentions.
  • it allows judges to use their common sense.
  • it is also sensivble to use external aids like Hansard.
  • it allows judges t9o consider social and technological changes.

What does literally mean in law?

Literal rule is a rule used to interpreting statutes. … In literal rule, the words in a statute are given its plain, ordinary, and literal meaning. While applying the literal rule, the law is read word by word and without diverting from its true meaning.

What is plain in law?

The plain meaning rule is an approach to legal proceedings that relies on the usual and ordinary meaning of a law’s text. This rule is the starting point for courts and legal experts attempting to determine legislative intent. Textualists favor the plain meaning rule.

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What is literal rule in law?

The starting point for the courts in interpreting a statute is the literal rule. The literal rule is where the courts simply look at the words of the statute and apply them as they are written giving them their ordinary and natural meaning.

What are the three rules of interpretation?

Rules Of Interpretation

  • Grammatical or Literal Rule of Interpretation.

What are the 4 rules of statutory interpretation?

There are four Rules of Statutory Interpretation, these are the literal rule, the golden rule, the mischief rule and the purposive approach.

Which is the best rule of interpretation?

The Golden rule of Interpretation

  • Editor’s Note: The golden rule is that the words of a statute must prima facie be given their ordinary meaning. …
  • Lies in its spirit, nor in its letter, for the letter is significant only as being the external manifestation of the intention that underlies it.

What does locus standi mean in law?

In legal terms, Locus Standi essentially applies to a plaintiff’s attempt to show to the court that there is ample relation or correlation or cause of action to the plaintiff from the suit. In other terms, it applies to a person’s capacity to put a case before the court of law or to testify before the court of law.

What is the rule of harmonious construction?

Harmonious construction is a principle of statutory interpretation used in the Indian legal system. It holds that when two provisions of a legal text seem to conflict, they should be interpreted so that each has a separate effect and neither is redundant or nullified.

What is the meaning of functus officio?

Related Content. The doctrine of functus officio (that is, having performed his office) holds that once an arbitrator renders a decision regarding the issues submitted, he lacks any power to reexamine that decision. This principle is well established in international arbitration, and is accepted in many national laws.

What is the doctrine of stare decisis?

Decision taken by a higher court is binding on the lower court and at the same time stand as a precedent to the lower court judgement, which cannot be distorted by the lower court. This principle is known as Stare decisis, which essentially means to stand by the decided matters.

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What is the modern principle of statutory interpretation?

Citing Re Rizzo & Rizzo Shoes Ltd, amongst other cases, the Court of Appeal began its analysis by noting that the modern approach to statutory interpretation requires that the words of a statute be read “in their entire context and in their grammatical and ordinary sense harmoniously with the scheme of the Act, the …

What is literal rule of interpretation?

The literal rule says that the intention of Parliament is best found in the ordinary and natural meaning of the words used. According to this rule if the language of the statute is expressly clear, it shuts the possibility of further speculation.

What are the advantages of using the literal rule?

An advantage of the literal rule is that it forces judges to carry out Parliaments intention. This is important as it stops unelected/appointed judges from making law, which would be contrary to the doctrine of the separation of powers. After all, their function is to apply, not make.

What are the advantages of literal rule?

Main advantages of The Literal Rule: No scope for the judges own opinions or prejudices to interfere. Respects parliamentary supremacy and upholds separation of power. Encourages drafting precision, promotes certainty and reduces litigation.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the purposive approach?

Purposive Approach

Purposive Approach
Advantages leads to justice in individual cases allows for new developments in technology avoids absurd result Disadvantages difficult to find Parliament’s intention allows judges to make law leads to uncertainty in the law

What does fortiori mean in-law?

A Latin term meaning literally ‘from [the] stronger’. Translated into English and used in the particular context of legal writing, the term often means ‘from [the] stronger [argument]’. If a particular fact is true, then one can infer that a second fact is also true.

What is opposite of literally?

figuratively/ literally Figuratively means metaphorically, and literally describes something that actually happened.

What is the new definition of literally?

Gizmodo has discovered Google’s definition for literally includes this: “Used to acknowledge that something is not literally true but is used for emphasis or to express strong feeling.” But it doesn’t end with Google. Merriam-Wesbter and Cambridge dictionaries have also added the informal, non-literal definition.

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What is mandatory authority in law?

Primary sources can be either persuasive or mandatory. Mandatory authority refers to cases, statutes, or regulations that the court must follow because it is binding on the court. Thus, lower courts are required to follow decisions from higher courts in the same jurisdiction.

What is the plain meaning rule in contracts?

Legal Definition of plain meaning rule : a rule in statute or contract interpretation: when the language is unambiguous and clear on its face the meaning of the statute or contract must be determined from the language of the statute or contract and not from extrinsic evidence.

What is the ambiguity rule?

A US legal rule which requires judges to construe ambiguities (expressions that can be given more than one acceptable interpretation) in insurance contracts against the insurer and therefore in favour of the insured.

What are the disadvantages of the literal rule?


  • The rule clearly produces absurd, unjust and indefensible results which cannot represent Parliament’s true intentions.
  • It ignores the fact that language has its limitations and can change in meaning over time. …
  • The rule demands standards of unattainable perfection from the parliamentary draftsman.

What is statutory interpretation in law?

Statutory interpretation in its broadest sense is the process of determining the true meaning of a written document. … There are three main rules to interpret a statute; the literal, golden and mischief rule and also the integrated approach, known as the purposive approach.

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