Nonylphenol is used in manufacturing antioxidants, lubricating oil additives, laundry and dish detergents, emulsifiers, and solubilizers.
Is nonylphenol ethoxylate safe?
NP/NPE chemicals are highly toxic to aquatic life and have a wide variety of industrial and consumer uses that could lead to environmental releases. This action is part of EPA’s work to ensure chemical safety in order to protect human health and the environment.
Is nonylphenol toxic?
Nonylphenol is a toxic xenobiotic compound classified as an endocrine disrupter capable of interfering with the hormonal system of numerous organisms. … Nonylphenol ethoxylates reach sewage treatment works in substantial quantities where they biodegrade into several by-products including nonylphenol.
Is nonylphenol ethoxylate harmful to humans?
Potential health effects include: Extreme aquatic toxicity. Skin and eye irritation. Reproductive harm. Birth defects.
Is nonylphenol banned?
Nonylphenol ethoxylates to be banned in imported clothing and textiles. The European Union’s REACH Chemicals Committee has voted unanimously to implement a ban on imported textiles and clothing containing nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs) above a maximum permitted level of 0.01 % m/m.
What is difference between phenol and nonylphenol?
The key difference between phenol and nonylphenol is that phenol has a hydroxyl group substituted into a benzene ring whereas nonylphenol has a hydroxyl group and another organic group substituted to a benzene ring. Organic compounds are chemical compounds having carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Where are nonylphenol ethoxylates found?
NP and NPEs have been found in environmental samples taken from freshwater, saltwater, groundwater, sediment, soil and aquatic biota. NP has also been detected in human breast milk, blood, and urine and is associated with reproductive and developmental effects in rodents.
What is nonylphenol polyethylene glycol ether?
Nonoxynols also known as nonaethylene glycol or polyethylene glycol nonyl phenyl ether are mixtures of nonionic surfactants used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents or defoaming agents. … Nonoxynol was found to metabolize into free nonylphenol when administered to lab animals.
Is ethoxylate alcohol safe?
Human health. Alcohol ethoxylates are not observed to be mutagenic, carcinogenic, or skin sensitizers, nor cause reproductive or developmental effects. One byproduct of ethoxylation is 1,4-dioxane, a possible human carcinogen. Undiluted AEs can cause dermal or eye irritation.
How do you pronounce nonylphenol?
What is APE surfactant?
Alkylphenols and their ethoxylates (APEs) are a family of chemicals used mainly as surfactants in commercial detergents and cleaners. They are also used in paints, pesticides and other agrochemicals, personal-care products, in industrial processes, and oilfields.
What do dioxins do to the environment?
They can cause problems with reproduction, development, and the immune system. They can also disrupt hormones and lead to cancer. Dioxins, which are known as persistent environmental pollutants (POPs), can remain in the environment for many years. They are everywhere around us.
What are ethoxylated alcohols?
Ethoxylated alcohols are the largest family of nonionic surfactants. They are highly useful in applications that serve multiple markets. Each consists of a hydrophobic group from oleochemical or petrochemical source combined with varying amount of ethylene oxide.
What is Ethoxylation process?
Ethoxylation is the process of reacting ethylene oxide with other chemicals to make them less harsh. Ethoxylation can create small amounts of 1,4-dioxane and leave residual ethylene oxide in the product. FOUND IN: shampoo, liquid soap, bubble bath, hair relaxers.
What are alkylphenol ethoxylates?
Alkylphenol ethoxylates are nonionic surfactants, consisting of branched-chain alkylphenols, which have been reacted with ethylene oxide, pro-ducing an ethoxylate chain. The main alkylphenols used are octyl- and nonylphenol. The octyl and nonyl groups are made from diisobutylene and tripropylene, respectively.
Is nonylphenol an organic compound?
Environmental pollutant arising from the degradation of nonionic surfactants in sewage Nonoxynol-9, one of the APEs, is used as a surfactant in cleaning and cosmetic products, and as a spermicide in contraceptives.; Nonylphenol is an organic compound of the wider family of alkylphenols.
Is np9 flammable?
Non-flammable in presence of shocks. Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available.
What is the chemical np9?
Polyoxyethylene Nonylphenol (NP-9) is a surfactant. … A surfactant, by the way, is a substance that lowers the surface tension between two liquids or a liquid and a solid, giving nonylphenol ethoxylate the ability to disperse one form of matter into another.
What is a surfactant and what does it do?
Surfactant, also called surface-active agent, substance such as a detergent that, when added to a liquid, reduces its surface tension, thereby increasing its spreading and wetting properties. In the dyeing of textiles, surfactants help the dye penetrate the fabric evenly.
What is lauryl alcohol ethoxylate?
Lauryl Alcohol Ethoxylates are biodegradable nonionic surfactants composed of ethylene oxide adduct of Lauryl Alcohol. Lauryl Alcohol Ethoxylates vary in physical appearance, from clear or slightly hazy, colorless liquids to white solids, depending upon the level of ethoxylation.
Is Alphox 200 a non ionic surfactant?
Alphox-200 Non Ionic Emulsifier, Packaging Type: Drum, Packaging Size: 50 Kg.
What is ethoxylate used for?
Ethoxylates (aka Alcohol ethoxylates or AEs) are a major class of non-ionic surfactants which are widely used in laundry detergents and to a lesser extent in household cleaners, institutional and industrial cleaners, cosmetics, agriculture, and in textile, paper, oil and other process industries.
Is alcohol ethoxylate an active ingredient?
All products below include Alcohol ethoxylate, alkylphenol ethoxylate as an active ingredient.
Is ethoxylated alcohol Organic?
ALCOHOL: A class of organic compounds containing one or more hydroxyl groups. … ALCOHOL ETHOXYLATE: A nonionic surfactant created by adding ethylene oxide groups to a long chain (high molecular weight) alcohol. Alcohol ethoxylates are relatively low sudsing.
Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.