What is the best translation of De Rerum Natura?

On the Nature of Things Lucretius’ single poem, De Rerum Natura, which can be translated ‘On the Nature of Things’ or (as it is here) ‘On the Nature of the Universe’, may well be thought the best philosophy in classical Latin, superior to Cicero or Seneca in intellectual seriousness and sustained power of argument. Which of the following is a claim that Lucretius makes in De Rerum Natura?
Lucretius thus argues that death is simply annihilation, and that there is no afterlife. He likens the physical body to a vessel that holds both the mind (mens) and spirit (anima).

How long is De Rerum Natura?

seventy-four hundred lines LUCRETI CARI DE RERUM NATURA.” “On the Nature of Things,” by Titus Lucretius Carus, is not an easy read. Totalling seventy-four hundred lines, it is written in hexameters, the standard unrhymed six-beat lines in which Latin poets like Virgil and Ovid, imitating Homer’s Greek, cast their epic poetry. What is the significance and the beauty of De Rerum Natura?
De Rerum Natura gives us that basic of physics, and a lot more besides: refutations of rival theories, explanations of mirrors and magnets, reasons not to fear death, some strong words about the folly of love, a mini-survey of human history and a range of causes for celestial and meteorological phenomena.

How does Lucretius view death?

Focus on staying healthy. The fear of death is irrational, according to Lucretius, because once people die they will not be sad, judged by gods or pity their family; they will not be anything at all. “Death is nothing to us,” he says. Not fearing death is easier said than done. What is the swerve philosophy?

The Swerve refers to a key conception in the ancient atomistic theories according to which atoms moving through the void are subject to clinamen: while falling straight through the void, they are sometimes subject to a slight, unpredictable swerve. …

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Who wrote De Natura Rerum?

Lucretius Lucretius On the Nature of Things: A Philosophical Poem, in Six Books / Authors Lucretius, in full Titus Lucretius Carus, (flourished 1st century bce), Latin poet and philosopher known for his single, long poem, De rerum natura (On the Nature of Things).

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Who was De Rerum Natura addressed to?

Gaius Memmius Notes mostly extracted from the text: Lucretius’ only extant work, written in dactylic hexameter, addressed to Gaius Memmius (who became praetor in 58 BC and failed to be converted) , written c. 59 BC, possibly incomplete and lacking final revision.

What is the meaning of Natura?

: in the nature of things in the world of nature as distinguished from the world of human beings : in the realm of material things. See the full definition.

How do you pronounce de in Latin?

How do you say this word natural?

Does Lucretius believe in God?

Lucretius. Lucretius did not deny the existence of gods either, but he felt that human ideas about gods combined with the fear of death to make human beings unhappy.

Is De Rerum Natura an epic?

The De Rerum Natura may be called a Miltonic epic. … Homeric material, parallels, and idiom, and epic devices, support it. Lucretius himself seems so to regard his poem, which fits the epic criteria of (a) narrative with hero, (b) war, and (c) great design.

Is Lucretius religious?

Lucretius never explicitly questions the existence of the gods, but he provides ample reason to doubt his religious belief. … The greatest source of classical Epicureanism we possess is Lucretius’s poem On the Nature of Things (De rerum natura).

What school of philosophy does De Rerum Natura advocate?

55 BC) was a Roman poet and philosopher. His only known work is the philosophical poem De rerum natura, a didactic work about the tenets and philosophy of Epicureanism, and which usually is translated into English as On the Nature of Things.

Why was Lucretius poem on the nature of things important?

Lucretius’ On the Nature of Things (De Rerum Natura in the original Latin) is a long philosophical poem that discusses important aspects of Epicurean thought. … On the Nature of Things serves as the basis for our understanding of Epicurean physics and cosmology.

How did Lucretius help the atomic theory survive?

Lucretius proceeds to state that atoms have always moved and always will move with the same velocity, or, as translated by Mr. … But it is clear, in all his work, that Lucretius conceived two things as quite constant: atoms were neither created nor destroyed, and their motion could neither be created nor destroyed.

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How does Lucretius think we should live our lives?

Instead, rather than worrying about the gods and living in fear of them, we should focus on living a good life in the present. … For Lucretius, that is tranquility—being undisturbed by longing, desire, and restless emotion and, like the gods, being able to look down on the world without being perturbed by it.

What is Epicurean theory?

Epicureanism argued that pleasure was the chief good in life. Hence, Epicurus advocated living in such a way as to derive the greatest amount of pleasure possible during one’s lifetime, yet doing so moderately in order to avoid the suffering incurred by overindulgence in such pleasure.

Why does Lucretius argue to not fear death?

Lucretius employs a common dichotomy to organize his case against such fears: death is either the utter destruction of the person who dies, or it is not and the person survives in some form. Lucretius argues for two key claims: first, that there is no post-mortem survival and, second, that non-survival is not harmful.

Where does the swerve take place?

Roanoke With movie theaters operating at limited capacity because of the pandemic — and many closed — casual moviegoers might well have missed the debut of “The Swerve,” a harrowing family drama filmed in Roanoke.

What is Lucretius swerve?

Clinamen (/klaɪˈneɪmən/; plural clinamina, derived from clīnāre, to incline) is the Latin name Lucretius gave to the unpredictable swerve of atoms, in order to defend the atomistic doctrine of Epicurus. In modern English it has come more generally to mean an inclination or a bias.

What did Epicurus write?

Epistemology. Epicurus and his followers had a well-developed epistemology, which developed as a result of their rivalry with other philosophical schools. Epicurus wrote a treatise entitled Κανών, or Rule, in which he explained his methods of investigation and theory of knowledge.

Who founded stoicism?

Zeno of Citium Stoicism takes its name from the place where its founder, Zeno of Citium (Cyprus), customarily lectured—the Stoa Poikile (Painted Colonnade). Zeno, who flourished in the early 3rd century bce, showed in his own doctrines the influence of earlier Greek attitudes, particularly those mentioned above.

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What did Lucretius get right?

In the pages of Lucretius we find: 1) A developed atomic theory, resembling that of the world of Dalton if not ours today, with serious intimations of what is to come. 2) Clearly spelled out laws of the conservation of matter and energy, essential to any understanding of modern chemistry.

When was De Rerum Natura rediscovered?

1417 Lucretius’s De rerum natura has become a hot topic in contemporary scholarship. Lost until its rediscovery in 1417, Lucretius’s cosmological poem portraying a universe made up of atoms moving in the void has been the subject of at least a dozen major scholarly works since 2003.

Who found on the nature of things?

Lucretius Lucretius expounds the Epicurian view that the world can be explained by the operation of material forces and natural laws and thus one should not fear the gods or death. He had a considerable influence on writers such as Montaigne. Lucretius On the Nature of Things, trans.

Was Lucretius a materialist?

Lucretius was the first from within this tradition to produce a true and radical materialism of sensation and the body. However, like Homer, Lucretius also paid the ultimate price for his materialist sins and was largely exiled from the discipline of philosophy.

Why does Lucretius start with an invocation of Venus in his book on the nature of the universe?

This paper addresses the question, ‘Why did Lucretius choose Venus as his Muse? ‘ My answer is twofold: Venus represents both physical and spiritual re- newal. In the first place, she represents the continual renewal of nature through the creative energy of the atoms.

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