What is the molarity of pure beta-mercaptoethanol?

The sigma Beta Mercaptoethanol which we use in our lab is always 14.3M.

What is the concentration of BME?

5% When preparing SDS-PAGE sample buffer, you can use either beta-mercaptoethanol (BME) or dithiothreitol (DTT). For BME, use a concentration of 5% (about 100 mM).

Is 2-mercaptoethanol acidic or basic?


log P -0.23
Vapor pressure 0.76 hPa (at 20 °C) 4.67 hPa (at 40 °C)
Acidity (pKa) 9.643
Basicity (pKb) 4.354

How do you dilute beta-mercaptoethanol?

Add 1.7 µl (0.8 µl for JM109) of beta-mercaptoethanol provided with the kit or a fresh 1:10 dilution (stock 14.4 M) of beta-mercaptoethanol (diluted in high-quality water) to the 100 µl of bacteria, giving a final concentration of 25 mM. Swirl the contents of the tube gently.

Why is mercaptoethanol used in cell culture?

2-Mercaptoethanol also known as beta-mercaptoethanol is a potent reducing agent used in cell culture media to prevent toxic levels of oxygen radicals. 2-Mercaptoethanol is not stable in solution, so most protocols require daily supplementation.

How do you store beta mercaptoethanol?

Store in a tightly closed container in a cool, dry area that is well ventilated, such as a vented cabinet. Do not store on shelf. Store in a secondary container by itself. Compounds incompatible with Beta Mercaptoethanol are oxidizers, acids, metals, and ignition sources.

Is BME a reducing agent?

Pure liquid (14 M), beta-mercaptoethanol (BME, 2BME, 2-ME, b-mer, CAS 60-24-2) is a thiol reducing agent for cleaving protein disulfide bonds (cystine).

Does BME break disulfide bonds?

Disulfide bonds can be broken by addition of reducing agents. The most common agents for this purpose are ß-mercaptoethanol (BME) or dithiothritol (DTT).

What is BME in SDS PAGE?

BME is suitable for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and is usually included in a sample buffer for SDS-PAGE at a concentration of 5%. Cleaving intermolecular (between subunits) disulfide bonds allows the subunits of a protein to separate independently on SDS-PAGE.

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What is the purpose of 2-mercaptoethanol in SDS PAGE?

2-Mercaptoethanol is used to reduce disulfide linkages in solubilizing proteins for gel electrophoresis (typically used in SDS-PAGE sample buffer at 5% concentration).

What does B mercaptoethanol do?

Beta-mercaptoethanol (ß-ME) is a reducing agent that will irreversibly denature RNases by reducing disulfide bonds and destroying the native conformation required for enzyme functionality.

Is beta-mercaptoethanol toxic?

BME can be toxic if ingested, and fatal if inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Vapors can irritate the eyes, mucous membranes, and respiratory tract. Symptoms of inhalation exposure may include coughing, sore throat, and/or shortness of breath. … BME is combustible as a liquid or vapor!

Is 2-mercaptoethanol the same as beta-mercaptoethanol?

Gibco™ 2-Mercaptoethanol (also known as beta-mercaptoethanol or BME) is a potent reducing agent used in cell culture media to prevent toxic levels of oxygen radicals.

Is beta-mercaptoethanol flammable?

Not flammable or combustible. Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

What is mercaptoethanol test?

5 2-Mercaptoethanol test (2-ME) The 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) agglutination test for the diagnosis of brucellosis is performed similar to STAT, except for the addition of 2-ME (final concentration of 0.05 M) in each agglutination tube (Buchanan & Faber, 1980).

How is 2-mercaptoethanol prepared?

  1. Equipment: 100 ml beaker. Stir plate and bar. 100 ml bottle (sterile) 0.2 μm filter (sterile)
  2. Reagents: 0.349 ml. 2-Mercaptoethanol (1.12 g/ml, Sigma #M-7522) 99.651 ml. …
  3. Method: 1) Combine all ingredients and mix well. 2) 0.2 μm sterile filter into sterile container. Stock concentration = 5×10-2 M.

How long is beta mercaptoethanol good for?

Mercaptoethanol, 2- 2-Mercaptoethanol (2-ME) is a clear colorless to very faint yellow liquid that boils at 157–158 °C and has a concentration of 14.3 M (mol l 1). The bulk product decomposes slowly in air. If kept sealed at room temperature, it will remain pure (more than 99%) up to 3 years.

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What does beta mercaptoethanol smell like?

β-mercaptoethanol (BME) is a clear, colorless liquid with a strong, unpleasant odor similar to rotten eggs. It is commonly used in laboratories to reduce disulfide bond formation in protein synthesis.

Can you freeze beta mercaptoethanol?

At a previous lab, our beta-mercap was kept on the shelf at RT and we never had an issue with it, at least during the 4 years I worked there. But it is recommended to store at 4°C. For a dilution, definitely store it at 4°C. I’ve read about people freezing it at -20°C, which is fine for long-term storage.

Is BME flammable?

When BME is heated to decomposition, toxic fumes including sulfur oxides and carbon oxides will be emitted. BME is combustible as a liquid or vapor. Reactions of BME with strong acids or alkali metals will release flammable hydrogen gas.

What are thiol reducing agents?

Another characteristic feature of most thiols is that they can act as reducing agents. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have a strong tendency to transfer electrons to other species or oxidise. Reducing agents such as thiols have negative standard reduction potentials and thus, act as prompt electron acceptors.

Does beta mercaptoethanol break disulfide bonds?

The role of beta-mercaptoethanol is to break all the disulfide bonds and denature the protein of interest.

Is TCEP better than DTT?

TCEP HCl has the advantages of being odorless, more powerful, irreversible, more hydrophilic, and more resistant to oxidation in air. … DTT is a protective agent for reducing S-S TO SH groups. Used as a strong reducing agent for proteins and enzymes.

Do disulfide bonds break with heat?

Many extracellular globular proteins have evolved to possess disulphide bonds in their native conformations, which aids in thermodynamic stabilisation. However, disulphide bond breakage by heating leads to irreversible protein denaturation through disulphide-thiol exchange reactions.

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Can disulfide bonds be repaired?

During the perming, coloring, bleaching, and straightening processes, the chemicals break down the disulfide bonds and harden them into a new shape. For a long time, nothing could be done to restore the broken disulfide bonds except to cut off the damaged hair.

How much DTT does it take to break a disulfide bond?

MS results show that atleast 20 mM Dtt is needed to break all disulfide bonds.

What is the function of APS?

Description. Thermo Scientific Pierce Ammonium Persulfate (APS) is an oxidizing agent that is used with TEMED to catalyze the polymerization of acrylamide and bisacrylamide to prepare polyacrylamide gels for electrophoresis.

What is the role of TEMED in SDS-PAGE?

TEMED, is a free radical stabilizer. Free radicals promote acrylamide polimerization, and APS (ammonimum persulfate) which is other component of SDS gels, is a source of them. So the role of TEMED is stabilize these free radicals in order to improve the acrylamide polimerization.

What is the difference between SDS-PAGE and native PAGE?

The major difference between native PAGE and SDS-PAGE is that in native PAGE, the protein migration rate is dependent on both the mass and structure, whereas in SDS-PAGE, the migration rate is determined only by protein’s mass. In native PAGE, protein samples are prepared in a non-denaturing and non-reducing buffer.

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