What is the principle of Conductometry?

The principle of conductometric titration is based on the fact that during the titration, one of the ions is replaced by the other and invariably these two ions differ in the ionic conductivity with the result that conductivity of the solution varies during the course of titration.

What is the purpose of Conductometry?

Conductometry is used to analyze ionic species and to monitor a chemical reaction by studying the electrolytic conductivity of the reacting species or the resultant products.

What do you mean by Conductometry?

: determination of the quantity of a material (as an element or salt) present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture.

What is the difference between conductometric and amperometric?

Amperometry monitors electric current (amperes) while keeping the potential constant. Conductometry measures conductance (the ability of a solution to carry an electric current) while a constant alternating-current (AC) potential is maintained between the electrodes.

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Which cell is used in Conductometry?

The two electrode cell is the most commonly used conductivity cell Glass cells have electrodes made of platinum. … Conductivity Cells.

Water uS/cm
Surface water 30 – 7000
Waste water 700 – 7000
Brackish water 1000 – 8000
Ocean water 40000 – 55000

What is conductivity water?

Conductivity is a measure of water’s capability to pass electrical flow. This ability is directly related to the concentration of ions in the water 1. … Compounds that dissolve into ions are also known as electrolytes 40. The more ions that are present, the higher the conductivity of water.

What is Conductometry slide share?

It is an electrochemical method of analysis used for the determination or measurement of the electrical conductance of an electrolyte solution by means of a conductometer. Electric conductivity of an electrolyte solution depends on : Type of ions (cations, anions, singly or doubly charged.

Why does H+ show abnormal conductance?

Answer: The ionic mobility and hence the conductance value of both H+ and OH ion is very high. … Earlier it was considered that high charge density of both the ion is responsible for this abnormal high conductance. But in aqueous solution the H+ ion basically exists as a hydroxonium ion H3O+.

How do you use a Conductometer?

To pass electric current through water a conductivity meter has two probes a small distance apart. A known amount of electricity is put down one probe and the amount that gets through to the other probe is measured. The greater the electric current, the greater the number of charged particles present in the water.

What is conductivity chemistry?

4.11. 1.2 Conductivity. Conductivity is a measure of the ability of an aqueous solution to carry an electric current. … The property of conductivity is expressed through measurements of conductance, which is defined as the reciprocal of resistance.

What is Conductometry in pharmaceutical analysis?

Conductometry is the measurement of the electrical conductivity of a solution. The conductance is defined as the current flow through the conductor. In other words, it is defined as the reciprocal of the resistance. The unit for the conductance is Seimens (S) which is the reciprocal of Ohm’s ( 1).

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What is corrected conductance?

The correction can be accomplished by multiplying the observed conductance either by total volume (V+V) or by the factor (V+ V)/V, where V is the initial volume of solution and V is the total volume of the reagent added.

Which is better Conductometry or potentiometry?

When considering the difference between potentiometric and conductometric titrations based on the advantages, the potentiometric titrations do not need an indicator; it is far more accurate, and it can be automated, while the conductometric titrations can be suitable for coloured analytes and suspensions, and give …

What is the difference between Amperometry and polarography?

Polarography is a voltammetric technique that uses a mercury electrode and an unstirred solution. … Amperometry is a voltammetric method in which we apply a constant potential to the electrode and measure the resulting current.

What is a conductometric transducer?

The conductometric transducer is a miniature two-electrode device designed to measure the conductivity of the thin electrolyte layer adjacent to the electrode surface. Most authors agree that the best design for the development of conductometric electrodes is an interdigitated structure [11-17].

What is conductometric cell?

A conductivity cell is a device that is comprised of electrodes that sense the electrical conductivity of a substance, such as water. … Electrode size, the distance between each, and the pattern of the electrical field present determine this cell constant.

How many types of Conductometry cells are there?

types of conductivity cells are TYPE-A, TYPE-B, & TYPE-C. Electrodes :- Platinum sheets each of 1 cm are fixed at distance of 1 cm.

What is electronic conductivity?

Conductivity is the measure of the ease at which an electric charge or heat can pass through a material. A conductor is a material which gives very little resistance to the flow of an electric current or thermal energy.

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How conductive is tap water?

Ocean waters have water electrical conductivity of about 5 mS, tap water has EC in the range of 50 to 800 uS, depending on the source, freshwater streams may fall in the range of 100 to 2000 uS and distilled water has EC of between 0.5 and 3 uS.

What is a good conductivity level in water?

Electrical conductivity is a measure of the saltiness of the water and is measured on a scale from 0 to 50,000 uS/cm.

Is high conductivity in water bad?

The conductivity of water is affected by the presence of dissolved substances in the water, including salts and heavy metals. Some of these substances are harmful to aquatic life and to humans, especially at high concentrations.

What are the types of Conductometry?

Types of conductometric titrations:

  • Acid-base titration.
  • Precipitation titration.
  • Replacement titration.
  • Redox (oxidation-reduction) titration.
  • Complexometric titration.

What is the advantages of conductometric titration?

Advantages of Conductometric Titration It does not require indicators as titration is based on conductance of the solution and end point or neutralization point is determined graphically. It is suitable for colored solutions as well.

Why is conductance of H+ and OH high?

Initially the solution conductivity is high, because OH- has a large molar conductivity. However, as OH- is neutralized the conductivity falls. After all the OH- is neutralized the H+ concentration increases and the conductivity again rises rapidly.

Why ionic mobility of H+ is high?

The ionic mobility of H+ ions are much higher than the other ions. These high values are the results of hydrogen bonding. In water, the proton is hydrated and its movement can be represented as HH HH 0 H …

How do you calibrate a Conductometer?

Standard operating procedure to calibrate the conductivity meter by 0.01M KCl standard solution of 1.41 mS/cm conductivity and frequency of calibration in pharmaceutical industries.

How is conductivity used in a cell?

Guidelines for using conductivity meter:

  1. Turn on. Check each plug connector to make sure the plug is inserted correctly. …
  2. Display. Display has two modes. …
  3. Button control. (1) Button: Generally press and release, or hold for 2 seconds. …
  4. Calibration. …
  5. Sample measurement. …
  6. Data storage. …
  7. Cleaning and maintenance.

What is used to measure conductivity?

electrical conductivity meter An electrical conductivity meter (EC meter) measures the electrical conductivity in a solution.