Therapeutic Use Antimony potassium tartrate was once used as an emetic for treating patients poisoned by a wide variety of compounds. The drug still has some use as a diaphoretic or expectorant in certain cough syrups.

What is tartar emetic used for?

noun Chemistry, Pharmacology. a white, water-soluble, sweet and metallic-tasting, poisonous powder or granules, C4H4KO7Sb, used as a mordant for dyeing textiles and leather, and in medicine as an expectorant, for inducing vomiting, and for infections by schistosomes.

What is Taste of antimony potassium tartrate?

Properties – Transparent odorless crystals efflorescing on exposure to air – white powder – sweetish metallic taste – at 100 C losses all its water – d 2.6 – soluble in water and glycerol – insoluble in alcohol – aqueous solution is slightly acid.

What is the nature of antimony potassium tartrate?

NIF (CHIP2, 1994) INTRODUCTION AND EPIDEMIOLOGY Antimony potassium tartrate is a trivalent antimony compound commonly known as tartar emetic. It is used mainly as an industrial chemical and as a pesticide.

What are some medical uses of potassium tartrate?

Potassium bitartrate is a laxative used to treat constipation. Potassium bitartate, also referred to as potassium acid tartrate or cream of tartar, is the potassium acid salt of l-( + )-tartaric acid. It is obtained as a byproduct of wine manufacture during the fermentation process.

How do you make antimony potassium tartrate?

Antimony potassium tartrate is prepared by treating a solution of potassium hydrogen tartrate and antimony trioxide:2 KOH + Sb2O3 + (HOCHCO2H)2 K2Sb2(C4H2O6) 2 + 3 H2O. With an excess of tartaric acid, the monoanionic monoantimony salt is produced: 2 KOH + Sb2O3 + 4 (HOCHCO2H)2 2 KSb(C4H2O6)2 + 2 H2O.

Can tartar make your teeth fall out?

Tartar, and its precursor, plaque, can both wreak havoc on your dental health. Tartar and plaque can: cause bad breath, from bacteria buildup. destroy enamel, the hard outer layer of teeth, which can in turn, lead to tooth sensitivity, cavities, and even tooth loss.

When should emetics not be used?

Emetics should not be used in rodents, rabbits, birds, horses and ruminants. Rodents are unable to vomit (Plumb, 2015) and rabbits have a thin-walled stomach putting them at risk for gastric rupture if they vomit (Donnelly, 2004). It is not safe to induce emesis in birds, horses or cattle.

What is the chemical name of Rochelle salt?

Sodium potassium tartrate

PubChem CID 9357
Molecular Formula C4H4KNaO6
Synonyms Seignette salt Rochelle salt 304-59-6 Potassium sodium L(+)-tartrate Sodium potassium L-tartrate More…
Molecular Weight 210.16
Parent Compound CID 444305 (L(+)-Tartaric acid)

Which remedy is prepared from tartar emetic?

antimony poisoning antimony in medications, such as tartar emetic (antimony and potassium tartrate), used to induce vomiting and in treatment of helminthic and fungal infestations. The industrial use of antimony has not appeared to be associated with serious occupational poisoning.

Is potassium bitartrate safe?

Introduction. Cream of tartar (potassium bitartrate) has a long history as a cooking aid and medicinal purgative. Despite containing large amounts of potassium, there are no well-documented cases of it causing toxicity.

What products contain potassium hydrogen tartrate?

The substance, known as wine stone or cream of tartar and formed in wine fermentation tanks during wine production from grape juice concentrates, consists of potassium hydrogen tartrate (KHC4H4O6).

Is cream of tartar acid?

Also known as potassium bitartrate, cream of tartar is the powdered form of tartaric acid. This organic acid is found naturally in many plants and also formed during the winemaking process.

Why is antimony toxic?

Antimony toxicity occurs either due to occupational exposure or during therapy. Occupational exposure may cause respiratory irritation, pneumoconiosis, antimony spots on the skin and gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition antimony trioxide is possibly carcinogenic to humans.

Why is antimony so explosive?

Electrolytic deposition of antimony under certain conditions produces an unstable, amorphous form called explosive antimony, because, when bent or scratched, it will change in a mildly explosive manner to the more stable, metallic form.

Is antimony used in mascara?

Used in antiquity as eyeliner and mascara, today antimony finds uses in fire retardants, car batteries and bullets. Antimony is one of the elements known since ancient times.

Is the element Sb a metal?

Antimony is a semi-metal. In its metallic form it is silvery, hard and brittle. Antimony is used in the electronics industry to make some semiconductor devices, such as infrared detectors and diodes.

What is a halitosis?

Halitosis is an oral health problem where the main symptom is bad smelling breath. In most cases, finding the cause of the bad breath is the first step toward treating this preventable condition.

Does vinegar remove tartar from teeth?

White Vinegar to Remove Tartar Using white vinegar is another method that can cut through tartar. Start by mixing white vinegar in a glass of warm saltwater. This solution can then be gargled once a day to aide in the removal of tartar that has formed on the region between the teeth and gums.

How can I scale my teeth at home?

The steps in scaling teeth are these:

  1. Explain to the person what you are going to do.
  2. Feel under the gum for rough spots (tartar).
  3. Place the scaler under the tartar.
  4. Pull the scaler against the side of the tooth.
  5. Check to be sure the tooth is smooth.
  6. Explain what you have done and what the person should now do.

What is the difference between emetics and vomiting?

Vomiting (also known as emesis and throwing up) is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one’s stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose. Projectile vomiting is an intense form of vomiting, sometimes seen in infants, that may include vomit exiting out the nostrils.

What is the most common adverse reaction in patients receiving an antiemetic?

Antiemetic medication They are often used to treat nausea or vomiting symptoms caused by motion sickness or infection. Common side effects can include: dry mouth. fatigue.

What disadvantages are associated with using narcotics as an antidiarrheal?

Side effects not requiring immediate medical attention