What was the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution quizlet?

A political movement initiated by Mao Zedong that lasted from 1966 to 1976. It was a campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation. It was also called the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

What are the Four Modernizations of China?

The Four Modernizations (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) were goals first set forth by Deng Xiaoping to strengthen the fields of agriculture, industry, defense, and science and technology in China.

What were the 4 olds during the Cultural Revolution?

The Four Olds were: Old Ideas, Old Culture, Old Habits, and Old Customs (Chinese: Ji Sxing , Ji Wnhu , Ji Fngs , and Ji Xgun ).

What was the purpose of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution?

Launched by Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and founder of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), its stated goal was to preserve Chinese communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought (known outside China as Maoism …

What was the purpose of the Cultural Revolution quizlet?

(1966 – 1976) A social-political movement started by Mao Zedong in the People’s Republic of China. The revolution’s goal was to enforce communism and remove any foreign, capitalist, or traditional cultural elements from Chinese society.

How many died during the long march?

The campaign continued until the end of 1931, killing approximately 70,000 people and reducing the size of the Red Army from 40,000 to less than 10,000.

Which country opened its economy step by step?

Led by Deng Xiaoping, often credited as the General Architect, the reforms were launched by reformists within the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on December 18, 1978 during the Boluan Fanzheng period. …

Chinese economic reform
Literal meaning reform and opening-up

How did the Cultural Revolution affect the education system in China?

During the Chinese Cultural Revolution many schools stopped normal operation for a long time, senior high schools stopped student recruitment for up to 6 years, and universities stopped recruitment for an even longer period.

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What event ended the Cultural Revolution quizlet?

What event ended the Cultural Revolution? Deng sought to modernize China by introducing capitalism in a limited way, while Mao rejected all capitalist ideas.

Why did the Cultural Revolution fail quizlet?

The Cultural Revolution was a failure because Mao’s Red Guards attackerd anyone consdiered bourgeous. Skilled workers were forced to leave their jobs. … After the Chinese civil war the US supported the Chinese Nationalist government in Taiwan and did not recognize Mao’s Peoples Republic of China.

What was Red China?

Red China may refer to: Communist-controlled China (192749), territories held during the Chinese Civil War. People’s Republic of China. China during the Cultural Revolution.

Why did Chinese youth get swept up in the Cultural Revolution quizlet?

The youth got caught up with the Cultural Revolution because they were taught that joining the Red Guards was a good idea. Mao kept telling the youth that they could change China even the world. The youth listened to whatever Mao had to say to them. They did what Mao said because they wanted to show loyalty to him.

What was the Great Leap Forward in China?

The Great Leap Forward (Second Five Year Plan) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign led by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 1958 to 1962. … Chief changes in the lives of rural Chinese people included the incremental introduction of mandatory agricultural collectivization.

What did Mao Zedong believe in?

Maoism, or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: ; pinyin: Mo Zdng sxing), is a variety of MarxismLeninism that Mao Zedong developed for realising a socialist revolution in the agricultural, pre-industrial society of the Republic of China and later the People’s Republic of China.

Who were the heroes of the Cultural Revolution?

It consisted mainly of radical supporters of Mao, including Chen Boda, the Chairman’s wife Jiang Qing, Kang Sheng, Yao Wenyuan, Zhang Chunqiao, Wang Li and Xie Fuzhi.

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Which best explains how the policies of the Great Leap Forward led to the Cultural Revolution quizlet?

Which best explains how the policies of the Great Leap Forward led to the Cultural Revolution? China’s party leaders introduced capitalist ideas after the Great Leap Forward, prompting Mao Zedong to call for a revolution. The charts show coal and steel production during China’s first Five-Year Plan.

How is the great leap forward best described?

The Great Leap Forward was a five-year economic plan executed by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party, begun in 1958 and abandoned in 1961. … It is estimated that between 30 and 45 million Chinese citizens died due to famine, execution, and forced labor, along with massive economic and environmental destruction.

What step of the scientific method is Dimitri working on quizlet?

Terms in this set (16) Dimitri is studying the evaporation of water.

What was one of the main reasons for the Cultural Revolution in China quizlet?

Terms in this set (10) Reason for it? Sought to rid China of its old ways and create a society in which Peasants & physical labor were ideal. Group that the communists sought to eliminate. Teachers, skilled workers, artists, etc.

Who is responsible for the most deaths in history?

Genghis Khan, the Mongol leader whose empire spanned across roughly 22 % of the Earth surface during the 13th and 14th centuries. It is estimated that during the Great Mongolian invasion, approximately 40 million people were killed.

What caused the Chinese to send 300 000 troops to North Korea?

The 300,000-man Chinese offensive caught the U.N. forces off guard, largely because of U.S. Gen.Douglas MacArthur’s belief that China would not openly enter the war, and vastly expanded the conflict. The Korean War began when communist North Korean forces invaded democratic South Korea on June 25, 1950.

How did the great Chinese famine end?

During the 1990s the worst droughts and floods in China’s modern history had only a marginal effect on the country’s adequate food supply. Only a return to more rational economic policies after 1961, including imports of grain, ended the famine. China’s opening up to the world made a key difference.

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Who founded the Red Army in China?

Mao Zedong Initially called the Red Army, it grew under Mao Zedong and Zhu De from 5,000 troops in 1929 to 200,000 in 1933. Only a fraction of this force survived the Long March in retreat from the Nationalists.

How did Japanese invasion help unify China?

The Japanese supported the Guomindang, unifying political power under one group. … The Japanese took control and unified all of China under one political power.

Who opened China to the world?

Deng Xiaoping
Personal details
Born 22 August 1904 Guang’an, Sichuan, Qing Empire
Died 19 February 1997 (aged 92) Beijing, People’s Republic of China
Political party Communist Party of China (19241997)

Is China a first world country?

The United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Western European nations and their allies represented the First World, while the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, Vietnam and their allies represented the Second World. … Some countries in the Communist Bloc, such as Cuba, were often regarded as Third World.

Is China developed or developing?

China will graduate from a middle-income to a high-income country in a few years. … Last year China announced it had eradicated poverty, and a few years from now, it will officially be a high-income country. Consequently, any reason for China to be treated as a developing country on climate ambitions is gone.