In the middle of the brain lies a part of the temporal lobe called the Ammon’s Horn (Amuns Horn).

What are main features of the Ammon’s horn?

Ammon’s horn sclerosis (AHS) is the major neuropathological substrate in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Histopathological hallmarks include segmental loss of pyramidal neurons, granule cell dispersion and reactive gliosis.

What is the hippocampus responsible for?

Hippocampus is a complex brain structure embedded deep into temporal lobe. It has a major role in learning and memory. It is a plastic and vulnerable structure that gets damaged by a variety of stimuli. Studies have shown that it also gets affected in a variety of neurological and psychiatric disorders.

How do you tell if your hippocampus is damaged?

Consequences of injury to the hippocampus

  1. Inculcating / memory storage problems.
  2. Remembering / long term memory problems.
  3. Spatial disorientation.
  4. A specific form of agnosia.

Where did Hathor live?

Hathor’s cult center was at Dendera, Egypt, but she was widely regarded and worshipped throughout Egypt. Unlike other deities of ancient Egypt, whose clergy needed to be of the same sex as the deity they served, those who served Hathor could be men or women.

Who is the god Amun?

Amun, god of the air, was one of the eight primordial Egyptian deities. Amun’s role evolved over the centuries; during the Middle Kingdom he became the King of the deities and in the New Kingdom he became a nationally worshipped god. He eventually merged with Ra, the ancient sun god, to become Amun-Ra.

How can I increase my hippocampus size?

Here we show, in a randomized controlled trial with 120 older adults, that aerobic exercise training increases the size of the anterior hippocampus, leading to improvements in spatial memory. Exercise training increased hippocampal volume by 2%, effectively reversing age-related loss in volume by 1 to 2 y.

What emotions does the hippocampus control?

The hippocampus, located in the medial temporal lobe and connected with the amygdala that controls emotional memory recalling and regulation (Schumacher et al., 2018); it has increased the functional connectivity with anterior cingulate or amygdala during emotional regulation and recalling of positive memory (Guzmn- …

What is the amygdala responsible for?

The amygdala is commonly thought to form the core of a neural system for processing fearful and threatening stimuli (4), including detection of threat and activation of appropriate fear-related behaviors in response to threatening or dangerous stimuli.

Why is the hippocampus so vulnerable?

The hippocampal formation is at the same time a very plastic brain region and a very vulnerable one to insults such as head trauma, ischemia, seizures and severe stress. Circulating glucocorticoids and endogenous excitatory amino acids acting as neurotransmitters play important roles in both aspects.

Does the hippocampus control fear?

Traditionally, scientists associate fear with another part of the brain, the amygdala. The hippocampus, responsible for many aspects of memory and spatial navigation, seems to play an important role in contextualizing fear, for example, by tying fearful memories to the place where they happened.

What causes hippocampus damage?

Damage to hippocampus can occur through many causes including head trauma, ischemia, stroke, status epilepticus and Alzheimer’s disease.

What foods are good for the hippocampus?

Foods high in resveratrol (which your hippocampus loves!): red grapes, red wine, peanut butter, cranberries, and blueberries.

Can hippocampus repair itself?

Many neuroscientists call the hippocampus the regeneration center of the brain. … These cells can transform into different types of brain cells and migrate into brain regions that need replenishing. Thus, the hippocampus can heal brain damage by replacing damaged nerve cells.

What supplements help the hippocampus?

The 10 Best Nootropic Supplements to Boost Brain Power

  1. Fish Oils. Fish oil supplements are a rich source of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), two types of omega-3 fatty acids. …
  2. Resveratrol. …
  3. Creatine. …
  4. Caffeine. …
  5. Phosphatidylserine. …
  6. Acetyl-L-Carnitine. …
  7. Ginkgo Biloba. …
  8. Bacopa Monnieri.

Why does Hathor wear a bracelet?

Hathor was once a goddess who brought the dead to the underworld, however it was Horus who saved her from such a fate, slaying demons and giving her a bracelet which protected her from returning to the underworld.

Why is Hathor the cow?

Hathor was the mother of all gods and goddesses in ancient Egypt. … Goddess Hathor was represented as cow because she is seen as giving sustenance to her people, or a beautiful woman with the horns of a cow on her head. She was very popular with the old kingdom and she represents Upper Egypt.

Who is Hathor’s husband?

Horus-Behdety That’s why she was connected to the sky, movement of planets, birth, and rebirth after death. Hathor was married to Horus-Behdety and had a son called Ihy, who was the god of dancing and music.

Who was Sobek?

Sebek, also spelled Sobek, Greek Suchos, in ancient Egyptian religion, crocodile god whose chief sanctuary in Fayym province included a live sacred crocodile, Petsuchos (Greek: He Who Belongs to Suchos), in whom the god was believed to be incarnate.

What is Hathor the god of?

Hathor, in ancient Egyptian religion, goddess of the sky, of women, and of fertility and love. … The name Hathor means estate of Horus and may not be her original name. Her principal animal form was that of a cow, and she was strongly associated with motherhood.

Who is Horus?

Horus, the falcon-headed god, is a familiar ancient Egyptian god. … Horus is the son of Osiris and Isis, the divine child of the holy family triad. He is one of many gods associated with the falcon. His name means he who is above and he who is distant.

What kills your brain cells?

Concussions, contusions, and even head banging can lead to the loss of large quantities of neurons. Amphetamine abuse, antipsychotics, benzodiazepine abuse, cigarettes and tobacco products, cocaine, ecstasy, inhalants, and methamphetamines can all negatively impact the brain and cause the death of its cells.

What foods regenerate brain cells?

This article lists 11 foods that boost your brain.

  1. Fatty fish. When people talk about brain foods, fatty fish is often at the top of the list. …
  2. Coffee. If coffee is the highlight of your morning, you’ll be glad to hear that it’s good for you. …
  3. Blueberries. …
  4. Turmeric. …
  5. Broccoli. …
  6. Pumpkin seeds. …
  7. Dark chocolate. …
  8. Nuts.

Does exercise grow the hippocampus?

Aerobic exercise, like running, has positive effects on brain function and structure. In particular, it increases hippocampal neurogenesis. A small study in 2016 associated running with the creation of new neurons in the hippocampus.

What part of the brain controls love?

Emotions, like fear and love, are carried out by the limbic system, which is located in the temporal lobe. While the limbic system is made up of multiple parts of the brain, the center of emotional processing is the amygdala, which receives input from other brain functions, like memory and attention.

What is hippocampus disease?

If one or both parts of the hippocampus are damaged by illnesses such as Alzheimer’s disease, or if they are hurt in an accident, the person can experience a loss of memory and a loss of the ability to make new, long-term memories.

Can you live without a hippocampus?

In short, the hippocampus orchestrates both the recording and the storage of memories, and without it, this memory consolidation cannot occur.

Do psychopaths have smaller amygdala?

The findings from our initial studies with children who are psychopathic show a reduced amygdala response when they’re shown pictures of fearful facial expressions. Their amygdala was also smaller. This was a really important clue. People who are psychopathic have a fearless personality.

What happens if you have no amygdala?

This experiment has been repeated in animals numerous times, and the scientific consensus is that when the amygdala is removed, an animal loses any sense of fear. Now, scientists have confirmed that a missing amygdala results in similar behavior in humans, according to a study in the journal Current Biology.

What happens if your amygdala is damaged?

The amygdala helps control our fear response, but it also plays a crucial role in many other cognitive functions. Therefore, damage to the amygdala can cause serious problems, such as poor decision-making and impaired emotional memories.