Karakum Desert, also spelled Kara-Kum, Turkmen Garagum or Gara Gum (“Black Sand”), Russian Karakumy, great sandy region in Central Asia. It occupies about 70 percent of the area of Turkmenistan. Another, smaller desert in Kazakhstan near the Aral Sea is called the Aral Karakum. What is the Kara Kum Canal?
Karakum Canal, Turkmen Garagum Kanaly, waterway in Turkmenistan, one of the most extensive water-supply canals in the world. The main section, begun in 1954 and completed in 1967, runs some 840 km (520 miles) from the Amu Darya (river) to Gökdepe, west of Ashgabat, skirting the Karakum Desert.

What kind of desert is the Turkestan desert?

Terrain of Turkmenistan consists of a flat-to-rolling sandy desert, the Karakum, with its dunes slowly rising to the south; by the time they reach the border with Iran, they become the low mountains known as the Kopet Dag. The Caspian Sea washes the western shores of this mostly arid country. Are there camels in Turkmenistan?
Bactrian camels, whether domesticated or feral, are a separate species from the wild Bactrian camel, which is the only truly wild (as opposed to feral) species of camel in the world. … Population.

Country Population
Iran >100
Afghanistan Unknown
Pakistan 200
Turkmenistan 2,500

What has happened to the Aral Sea?

The Aral Sea began to quickly shrink because of the evaporation of its now unreplenished waters. By 1989 the Aral Sea had receded to form two separate parts, the “Greater Sea” in the south and the “Lesser Sea” in the north, each of which had a salinity almost triple that of the sea in the 1950s. Which canal in Turkmenistan is known as the River of Life?

The Karakum Canal (Qaraqum Canal, Kara Kum Canal, Garagum Canal; Russian: Каракумский канал, Karakumskiy Kanal, Turkmen: Garagum kanaly, گَرَگوُم كَنَلیٛ‎, Гарагум каналы) in Turkmenistan is one of the largest irrigation and water supply canals in the world.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

How has the Karakum Canal changed this region?

The salt level of groundwater is gradually being reduced by the construction of a drainage system for carrying surplus irrigation water out of the area. In desert areas, the coming of the canal has given rise to distinctive landscapes combining fringing forest with the primary desert vegetation.

In which country Kyzyl Kum Desert is located?

Kyzylkum Desert, Uzbek Qizilqum, Kazak Qyzylqum (“Red Sand”), desert in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It has an area of about 115,000 square miles (about 300,000 square km) and lies between two rivers—the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya—southeast of the Aral Sea.

Which is the coolest desert in the world?

The largest desert on Earth is Antarctica, which covers 14.2 million square kilometers (5.5 million square miles). It is also the coldest desert on Earth, even colder than the planet’s other polar desert, the Arctic.

What river flows into the Karakum Desert?

Murghab river iss060e000604 (June 26, 2019) — The Murghab river flows into the oasis city of Mary in the Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan.

What desert runs through Mongolia and China?

What desert covers half of Uzbekistan?

Over half of the Uzbek territory is covered by desert: the Kyzylkum, Ustyurt desert plateau and Aralkum formed on the former bottom of the Aral Sea. They are located in the country’s north-west, gradually descending from east to west.

Which country is bordered by both Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan?

Uzbekistan The Kazakhstan–Turkmenistan border is 413 kilometres (257 mi) in length and runs from the Caspian Sea to the tripoint with Uzbekistan. It is the shortest international boundary of both states.

Is there a country called Turkistan?

Turkistan, also spelled Turkestan, in Asian history, the regions of Central Asia lying between Siberia on the north; Tibet, India, Afghanistan, and Iran on the south; the Gobi (desert) on the east; and the Caspian Sea on the west.

Which animal has a hump on its back?

camel A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus that bears distinctive fatty deposits known as humps on its back. Camels have long been domesticated and, as livestock, they provide food (milk and meat) and textiles (fiber and felt from hair).

What is a 1 hump camel called?

dromedary camels The humps are used to store fat that converts to energy when needed. Bactrian camels are shorter and heavier than the one-humped dromedary camels found in Africa and the Middle East. Arabian or dromedary camels have a single hump like the letter “D”.

Why did the Chinese want Bactrian camels?

Bactrian camel came from the Western part of Asia. … These camels were are habitual and can survive in cold, aridity, and high altitudes. The Chinese wanted them because they were useful to carry goods like goods for people traveling far.

Why we destroyed the 4th largest lake?

Formerly the fourth largest lake in the world with an area of 68,000 km2 (26,300 sq mi), the Aral Sea began shrinking in the 1960s after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects.

What is the main cause of death of Aral Sea?

A relatively shallow water level spread across a large surface area has led to faster evaporation. This has caused over 90 per cent loss in the volume of water in the last six decades. Once the world’s fourth-largest lake, it now hosts travellers who visit to witness the apocalyptic landscape.

Is the Aral Sea getting bigger?

The North Aral Sea increased its level by four meters in only six months, increasing its size in one third in one year and recovering part of its aquatic fauna.

What is the longest canal in the world?

The Grand Canal of China The Grand Canal of China: the world’s longest man-made waterway. The Grand Canal is a series of waterways in eastern and northern China starting at Beijing and ending at the city of Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, linking the Yellow River with the Yangtze River.

What is the capital of Turkmenistan?

Ashgabat Turkmenistan / Capitals Ashgabat, formerly Ashkhabad, Ashkabad, Askhabad, or (1919–27) Poltoratsk, city and capital of Turkmenistan. It lies in an oasis at the northern foot of the Kopet-Dag (Turkmen: Köpetdag) Range and on the edge of the Karakum (Turkmen: Garagum) Desert, about 19 miles (30 km) from the Iranian frontier.

Which is the largest canal in India?

The Indira Gandhi Canal The Indira Gandhi Canal (originally, Rajasthan Canal) is the longest canal of India.

Where is the Amu Darya River?

In its upper course the Amu Darya forms part of Afghanistan’s northern border with Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. It then flows across the desert of eastern Turkmenistan and in its lower course forms part of the boundary between Uzbekistan to the northeast and Turkmenistan to the southwest.

Is Aral Sea a lake?

Once the fourth-largest freshwater lake in the world, the Aral Sea today is a tenth of its original size. At more than 67,000 sq km (26,000 sq miles), the Aral Sea was once the fourth-largest freshwater lake in the world.

Which is the largest desert in the world?

Antarctic desert The largest desert on earth is the Antarctic desert, covering the continent of Antarctica with a size of around 5.5 million square miles. … Ranking of the largest deserts on earth (in million square miles)

Desert (Type) Surface area in million square miles
Antarctic (polar) 5.5
Arctic (polar) 5.4

Where is Uzbek?

Uzbeks are the most numerous Turkic people in Central Asia. They mostly live in Uzbekistan, a landlocked country of Central Asia that shares borders with Kazakhstan to the west and north, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east, and Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to the south.

What is the vegetation of Kyzyl Kum desert?

Kyzyl kum desert flora and fauna The Kyzyl kum desert animals are snakes, jerboas, lizards, black lizards, gazelles, squirrels, foxes, hares, eagles and owls; drought-resistant Kyzyl kum plants are saxaul, ferrule and camel thorn.

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