Which software layer is closest to the hardware?

The hardware abstraction layer reside below the application programming interface (API) in a software stack, whereas the application layer (often written in a high level language) resides above the API and communicates with the hardware by calling functions in the API.

What is it called when software is used to simulate the hardware of a physical computer?

What is it called when software is used to simulate the hardware of a physical computer? virtual machine.

Which part of Windows is responsible for relating to hardware?

The Windows shell is responsible for interacting with hardware.

What command creates a subdirectory under a directory?

The simple answer is, you can use the *mkdir *command to create subdirectories as long as you specify the full path when creating the subdirectory.

What is kernel and HAL?

HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer or rather Hardware Annotation Library) is a software subsystem for UNIX-like operating systems providing hardware abstraction. … HAL is unrelated to the concept of Windows NT kernel HALs, which handle some platform-specific core functionality within the kernel, such as interrupt routing.

What are the two main components of the kernel?

The Linux kernel consists of several important parts: process management, memory management, hardware device drivers, filesystem drivers, network management, and various other bits and pieces.

What type of software is used to control a computer?

operating system System software controls a computer’s internal functioning, chiefly through an operating system, and also controls such peripherals as monitors, printers, and storage devices. Application software, by contrast, directs the computer to execute commands given by the user and may be…

What is the purpose of the UAC box?

User Account Control or UAC for short is a security feature of Windows which helps prevent unauthorized changes to the operating system. These changes can be initiated by applications, users, viruses or other forms of malware.

What is a snapshot of the system settings and configuration called?

What is a snapshot of the system settings and configuration called? restore point. Restore points are created at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware by what utility? System Protection.

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What are some of the responsibilities of the kernel during?

The kernel is responsible for managing memory, and I/O to memory, cache, the hard drive, and other devices. It also handles device signals, task scheduling, and other essential duties.

What is load driver?

Load driver can be used to load the controller driver before installation.

What is Wintel Engineer?

Wintel Engineers install and configure administrative tools of Microsoft, such as MDT, MBAM, SCOM, and others. They also set up, configure, handle, and upgrade Microsoft Windows Server versions, beginning from Server 2003 to Server 2016, in an organization.

What is MD command?

The mkdir (make directory) command in the Unix, DOS, DR FlexOS, IBM OS/2, Microsoft Windows, and ReactOS operating systems is used to make a new directory. … In DOS, OS/2, Windows and ReactOS, the command is often abbreviated to md . The command is analogous to the Stratus OpenVOS create_dir command.

What command should you use to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are continuous?

Defragmentation, also known as “defrag” or “defragging”, is the process of reorganizing the data stored on the hard drive so that related pieces of data are put back together, all lined up in a continuous fashion.

What file holds the preferences and settings?

The answer is ntuser.dat.

Is kernel a hardware abstraction layer?

The hardware abstraction layer can be called from either the operating system’s kernel or from a device driver.

What is HAL file?

File used by HansaWorld ERP system Enterprise, an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) application; contains program code written in the HansaWorld Application Language (HAL); used to create customized components, such as business reports and database forms.

What is HAL in embedded?

A HAL is a hardware abstraction layer that defines a set of routines, protocols and tools for interacting with the hardware. A HAL is focused on creating abstract, high level functions that can be used to make the hardware do something without having to have a detailed knowledge of how the hardware is doing it.

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What is layered kernel?

One method is the layered approach, in which the operating system is broken up into a number of layers (levels). The bottom layer (layer 0) id the hardware; the highest (layer N) is the user interface. .

What is kernel component?

Kernel is central component of an operating system that manages operations of computer and hardware. It basically manages operations of memory and CPU time. It is core component of an operating system. … It is responsible for various tasks such as disk management, task management, and memory management.

What is a kernel made of?

Each kernel is made up of a plant embryo, a starchy endosperm that feeds the embryo, and a hard exterior called the bran or hull. And within each kernel is a small droplet of water – the key to itspop. As heat is applied to the dried kernels, the droplet of water converts to steam, and pressure begins to build.

What are the 3 types of software?

Software is used to control a computer. There are different types of software that can run on a computer: system software, utility software, and application software.

What are software controls?

Software control is the process of the physical storage in a definitive software library of all software to ensure that only correctly released, licensed, and authorized versions of software are in use. Processes in this category include the tracking of releases, patches, service packs, and bug fixes.

What is computer utility software?

Utility software is system software designed to help analyze, configure, optimize or maintain a computer. Utility software usually focuses on how the computer infrastructure (including the computer hardware, operating system, software and data storage) operates.

What is UAC in computer?

User Account Control (UAC) helps prevent malware from damaging a PC and helps organizations deploy a better-managed desktop. … UAC can block the automatic installation of unauthorized apps and prevent inadvertent changes to system settings. UAC allows all users to log on to their computers using a standard user account.

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Where is UAC in Control Panel?

Change User Account Control (UAC) in Windows

  1. On your keyboard, press Windows+R to open the Run window.
  2. Type Control Panel. Then select OK.
  3. Select User Accounts. Then select User Accounts (Classic View).
  4. Select Change user account control settings. …
  5. Move the slider. …
  6. Restart the computer.

What is activated UAC?

User Account Control (UAC) is a feature in Windows that can help you stay in control of your computer by informing you when a program makes a change that requires administrator-level permission. UAC works by adjusting the permission level of your user account.

What is a snapshot of the system settings?

1 Snapshots. A snapshot is a backup of the current system configuration. In the event of an error on the original system, you can restore the system to a pre-defined point.

What is the Windows utility that automatically backs up system files and stores them on the hard drive at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware?

Windows includes a free back up utility called File History, which stores versions of your files on an external drive.

What component of UEFI prevents malware?

Secure Boot and Trusted Boot help prevent malware and corrupted components from loading when a Windows 11 device is starting.

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