What is a hyperflexion injury?

Cervical whiplash syndrome, or hyperextension-hyperflexion injury, is a common traumatic injury to the soft tissue structures around the cervical spine. What is an example of a hyperflexion injury?
In a hyperflexion injury, the muscles, ligaments, and other tissue surrounding the joint may be torn, dislocated, or otherwise damaged. An example of a hyperflexion related injury is cervical whiplash syndrome. This injury results in a combination of violent hyperflexion and hyperextension.

What muscle is involved in hyperextension of the head?

The primary muscles involved in this movement are the longus colli, longus capitis, and infrahyoids. Neck extension/hyperextension refers to the action of moving your chin away from your chest. If you continue to move your head backwards you will eventually be looking up – this is hyperextension. What is hyperflexion of the neck?
When the neck is flung forward beyond its limits, it’s called hyperflexion. These sudden movements can tear ligaments — the thick, rubber band-like tissues that connect the vertebrae in your neck — causing a sprain or strain.

Is whiplash hyperextension or hyperflexion?

Whiplash is essentially a two-part injury. First, there’s a jerking neck movement that creates hyperextension (excessive motion that opens a joint). Immediately after is a too-fast, too-far reversal of that motion known as hyperflexion. What is Brown Séquard syndrome?

Definition. Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) is a rare neurological condition characterized by a lesion in the spinal cord which results in weakness or paralysis (hemiparaplegia) on one side of the body and a loss of sensation (hemianesthesia) on the opposite side.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is an example of hyperextension?

A hyperextension injury occurs when a joint is moved past its normal angle of extension. For example, this may happen to the elbow during sports, often when punching air or practicing one’s swing in tennis. The injury known as tennis elbow is, in fact, a form of hyperextension injury.

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Which syndrome is caused by cervical hyperextension?

Central cord syndrome (CCS) most often occurs after a hyperextension injury in an individual with long-standing cervical spondylosis.

What does it mean to hyperextend your wrist?

A wrist hyperextension injury is a wrist sprain that typically occurs when a person falls on an outstretched hand. In this case, all it takes is a loss of balance and once your hand hits the ground, the force of impact bends your wrist back toward your forearm.

What is injured when you hyperextend your knee?

During hyperextension, the knee joint bends the wrong way, which often results in swelling, pain and tissue damage. In severe cases, ligaments such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), or popliteal ligament (the ligament along the back of the knee) may be sprained or ruptured.

What is damaged when you hyperextend your knee?

What happens when you overstretch your neck?

When the muscle overexerts or stretches too far, small tears can form in the muscle, tendon, or connective tissue between the muscle and tendon, which is usually the weakest part. More extensive neck strains involve more inflammation, which leads to more swelling, pain, and a longer recovery period.

Why neck exercises are important?

Neck exercises can help you to release tension, tightness, and stiffness. They can reduce pain and increase flexibility. A strong neck can help to prevent neck and cervical spine injuries as well.

What does a hyperextended neck feel like?

There are a number of symptoms that indicate hyperextension of the neck though it is generally characterized by neck pain. This pain is felt along either side of the spine at the back of the neck and when the neck is used for motion (moving the head). Some other common symptoms include: Stiff Neck.

What is blunt force trauma to the neck?

Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is usually caused by neck trauma that predominantly occurs in high-impact injuries. BCVI may occur due to damage to both the vertebral and carotid arteries, and may be fatal in the absence of appropriate treatment and early diagnosis.

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What is Flavum?

The ligamenta flavum is a short but thick ligament that connects the laminae of adjacent vertebrae from C2 to S1 and is considered a medial ward continuation of the fact joint . It consists of 80% elastin fibers and 20% collagen fibers.

What is equine Hyperflexion?

Hyperflexion involves riding or longeing a horse with his neck and poll tightly flexed and the profile of his face behind the vertical. … Proponents say the technique improves a horse’s ability to lift and round his topline (essential for collected work) while it supples his muscles and encourages more expressive gaits.

What are the grades of whiplash?

Grade 0: no complaints or physical signs. Grade 1: indicates neck complaints but no physical signs. Grade 2: indicates neck complaints and musculoskeletal signs. Grade 3: neck complaints and neurological signs.

What is Jefferson fracture?

A Jefferson fracture is a bone fracture of the vertebra C1. The vertebra C1 is a bony ring, with two wedge-shaped lateral masses, connected by relatively thin anterior and posterior arches and a transverse ligament. The lateral mass on vertebra C1, who is taller, is directed laterally.

Which neck muscles are injured in whiplash?

Whiplash Symptoms Neck swelling. Muscle spasms in the posterior cervical spine (back of the neck), anterior cervical spine (front of the neck), or in the trapezius muscles (back of the shoulders)

What is lateral cord syndrome?

Posterior cord syndrome is a rare type of incomplete spinal cord injury that affects the dorsal or posterior columns of the spinal cord, which are responsible for the perception of vibration, fine-touch and body positioning (i.e. proprioception).

What is spiral cord?

The spinal cord is a long bundle of nerves and cells that extends from the lower portion of the brain to the lower back. It carries signals between the brain and the rest of the body. This article covers the key anatomy of the spinal cord and its functions. It also provides some information about spinal cord injuries.

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What is anterior cord syndrome?

Anterior cord syndrome is an incomplete cord syndrome that predominantly affects the anterior 2/3 of the spinal cord, characteristically resulting in motor paralysis below the level of the lesion as well as the loss of pain and temperature at and below the level of the lesion.

What is the difference between hyperflexion and hyperextension?

Hyperextension is the abnormal or excessive extension of a joint beyond its normal range of motion, thus resulting in injury. Similarly, hyperflexion is excessive flexion at a joint. Hyperextension injuries are common at hinge joints such as the knee or elbow.

What causes hyperextension?

Hyperextensions of the knee can occur to anyone, but are frequently the result of athletic injuries. Athletes who compete in contact sports like football, soccer, or lacrosse are most commonly affected. Other sports, like skiing, may cause the knee joint to suddenly be moved out of position and cause this injury.

What are hyperextension exercises?

To perform the exercise, the torso from above the hip joints is flexed forwards and down towards the floor. And to complete the exercise, the person contracts his back muscles (Errector spinae) and raises his torso up till his whole body is in a straight line from his head to heels.

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